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  • - [Voiceover] Think of chivalry,

  • and you might imagine knights in shining armor

  • and damsels in distress.

  • Chivalry originated in ideals

  • associated with a knight's code of conduct.

  • Over time it came to more broadly represent

  • a model for the behavior and moral principles

  • of the upper classes.

  • - [Melanie] We can think of chivalry as

  • a code of honor that really came to fruition

  • in the 11th and 12th centuries,

  • and many of the values that chivalry championed

  • are things that we still value today.

  • Loyalty, bravery, protection of the weak.

  • - [Voiceover] Chivalry wasn't just about gallant acts

  • meant to impress a princess.

  • It widely affected culture

  • from love relationships to hunting,

  • fashion to law.

  • This illustrated E is contained within a medieval law book.

  • You see two knights on horses facing one another.

  • They are about to settle a disagreement over a debt.

  • Hunting was a chance to improve oneself

  • physically and mentally,

  • not unlike the goals of chivalry.

  • - [Melanie] It's typical in these stories

  • that there is an aristocrat or a knight

  • who is in love with a woman of a higher social standing

  • that's already married.

  • It was thought that the man's love for this

  • higher standing woman

  • would have had a civilizing affect on him.

  • Code of honor provided a means for aristocrats

  • to kind of move up the social ladder.

  • If they knew these rules, if they knew how to behave

  • in a tournament or how to dress for a banquet,

  • then that was a way of displaying one's social standing.

  • But it's the nature of having rules like this

  • that certain people are left out of that club.

  • Because we have such romantic notions of what chivalry is,

  • we don't tend to think of the practical

  • consequences of chivalry during this period.

- [Voiceover] Think of chivalry,

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B2 中上級

中世の騎士道 (Chivalry in the Middle Ages)

  • 28 4
    Chia-Yin Huang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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