字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント How many words are there in the English language? Good morning, good afternoon, or of course even good evening, depending on where in the world you happen to be right now. I'm Julian, and this is doing English. Yesterday we answered the question "Which language has the most words" and we said it was English, but how many words are in the English language? This, unfortunately, is an incredibly difficult question to answer. It depends on how we count a word. For example, "eat" and "ate". Is it one word or two words? Are they the same; "eat" and "ate"? In one sense, "ate" is simply the past form of "eat," but the word is spelled different. It's pronounced different. It has a different meaning, therefore, surely it should be a different word. How about "eat" and "eats," or "eat" and "eaten," or how about "eating." Are these all the same word, or are they different words? Again, they're similar but they do have different meanings and they are pronounced differently, but at the same time, they have the same root word, "eat." Do we count them as one, in which case it's one word, or do we count them as five, in which case it's five words? Clearly, how we decide to count words like this is going to make a massive difference to the number of words that we count in the English language. For this reason, basically nobody is agreed on this. There's a fantastic discussion on this in the book "Vocabulary in Language Teaching" by Norbert Schmitt. He writes that estimates vary from somewhere between about 400,000 and 2 million, again depending on how you count the words and depending on who is doing the counting; 400,000 to 2 million. That is a massive difference. We generally accept that there's about 250,000 in common use, again depending on how you count them, and again depending on who is doing the counting. The problem again is we don't really know how to count these words, but generally an accepted figure is about 250,000 words in common use, and about 1 million words in the language. I will say, however, that it's also estimated that a native speaker who has graduated university, at about the point of graduating university only actually knows about 10% of the words in common use. If there is about 25,000 words in common use, then the average native speaker at the point of graduating university will know about 25,000 words, a very tiny percentage. To answer the question, probably about 1 million, but about 250,000 in common use, but about 25,000 that people actually know and use, and the words that are actually used on a daily basis is much, much smaller than that as well. About a million is a good estimate, I think. If you like today's video, go ahead, give it a thumbs up. If you didn't like today's video, give it a thumbs down. Do take a second to subscribe to this channel, and I will see you, my friend, in tomorrow's video. Same time as always, 5pm JST which works out at about 8am GMT.