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  • As we all know, from colonial times up until the 1960'sc

  • tobacco formed a huge part of American culture. Everybody smoked.

  • It was recommended by doctors. And it formed part of the social fabric.

  • Then 2 and 2 was slowly put together and the effects of tobacco were recognized.

  • This was fiercely resisted by the tobacco industry which had an incentive

  • to keep people trapped in a vicious cycle, however destructive .

  • But as research grew it was hard to deny what was going on.

  • Today we're facing a new tobacco that's quietly taking the world by storm.

  • It has been called one of the fastest moving, most global experiments

  • ever unconsciously conducted. Internet pornography.

  • So our sexual drive is obviously natural and part of the human experience.

  • However modern porn aimed almost universally at men

  • has hijacked our sexuality in a way

  • our evolutionary brains were never equipped to handle.

  • Research is shedding light on some of the effects

  • that widespread consumption of porn maybe having.

  • Porn delivered over the internet in infinite variation

  • exploits a phenomenon known as the Coolidge Effect,

  • named for an urban legend about former President Calvin Coolidge.

  • As the president and his wife were separately touring a farm,

  • the farmers pointed out a rooster to Mrs. Coolidge

  • that fertilized hens dozens of times a day.

  • Maybe a little bit jealous the first lady said: "Tell that to Mr. Coolidge."

  • (Laughter)

  • When the President later saw the rooster and heard the story,

  • he asked if it was the same hen every time.

  • No. (Laughter)

  • The farmers explained, "It's always a different hen."

  • And the President replied "Tell that to Mrs. Coolidge."

  • (Laughter)

  • So what was Coolidge demonstrating here, other than he's an asshole?

  • (Laughter)

  • I don't know why you're laughing.

  • (Laughter)

  • Male arousal gradually decreases with the same mate.

  • But returns in full force with a potential new mate.

  • Thus its novelty not simply sex in general

  • that from a biological perspective dominated male arousal.

  • This is seen across mammalian species.

  • Porn appeared in the evolutionary blink of an eye

  • and thus overloads this mechanism

  • in a way our evolutionary ancestors were never even close to have experienced.

  • Porn has been shown to abuse the same neural reward pathways

  • as many traditional drugs such as cocaine.

  • And it leads to a gradual readjustment to the unnatural super stimuli.

  • In effect, the overload of porn becomes normal to the brain.

  • This quickly spirals downwards

  • as viewers pursue ever more extreme porn to get the same high.

  • As rapper Lil Wayne once wisely said:

  • "It's like as soon as I cum, I come to my senses."

  • (Applause)

  • We've got some Weezy fans in here.

  • So what does all this do in practice?

  • Well building and maintaining a long-term relationship

  • or a marriage can already be challenging.

  • But porn can make it nearly impossible.

  • Aside from trying to maintain attraction to a partner

  • it's impossible to compete with the infinite free sexuality

  • available at the click of a button on the internet.

  • It's no surprise that porn has been connected

  • to everything from infidelity to divorce. But it also has other effects.

  • It's been shown to increase acceptance of violence against women.

  • While clearly everyone who views porn is not a rapist,

  • it's been shown to act as a predictor of rape on college campuses.

  • But porn is big business.

  • Worldwide the industry makes around $97 billion a year.

  • In perspective, here it is next to the revenues of some companies

  • we might think of as having a large cultural sway.

  • And we get a sense of just how big of a deal pornography really its.

  • Part of how all of this is sustained

  • is through the widespread abuse and exploitation of women.

  • The porn industry is tied to human trafficking and commercial prostitution,

  • providing an unending flow of women that have few other options.

  • To the public, the industry works to maintain a squeaky clean image

  • and continues to push the normalization of porn.

  • We have an abusive industry and a dangerous and dependency-forming product.

  • Porn doesn't give you lung cancer. The problems here are psychological.

  • But they're real and the parallels to big tobacco

  • a generation ago speak for themselves.

  • There's been resistance to porn as long as porn's existed.

  • But in recent years a new grassroots response has emerged.

  • Different communities have appeared on the internet but one particularly large one

  • is a section of the social site Reddit called NoFap.

  • NoFap is a play on fapping, slang for masturbation,

  • and is an open forum for people, men and women,

  • sharing their experiences quitting porn.

  • Founded by 25-year-old web developer Alexander Rhodes,

  • NoFap is secular although all beliefs are welcome.

  • It serves to provide peer support for those trying to reboot their sexuality

  • by going long periods of time, often months,

  • abstaining from porn and masturbation.

  • Contrary to popular belief that gets easier over time, not harder.

  • NoFap users keep badges next to their posts and comments

  • indicating how long they've gone without porn or masterbating.

  • Even over the anonymity of the internet

  • some people don't want their virtual identities associated with porn.

  • And a separate forum community on NoFap.com

  • has outpaced growth of the community on Reddit,

  • and is one of the few old-style internet forums actually still growing.

  • The stories on NoFap are incredible.

  • Also what people do to stop masturbating.

  • But it's all worth it, as one user summed up:

  • "Porn ostracizes you from your loved ones. It separates you.

  • What we do here, it brings you together."

  • Now I grew up Christian and I certainly identify as Christian today.

  • My whole life I avoided porn; when I discovered NoFap

  • I realized how fortunate I was to have that idea in the first place,

  • and how large of a problem it is for many many others.

  • I'm amazed that people from all walks of life have discovered this issue

  • and addressed it in their own lives and thousands of strangers

  • are giving each other profound support on their common journey.

  • But I noticed a common challenge with NoFap.

  • There's a lot of great content floating around the internet community

  • to keep yourself motivated it could be hard to get you in the moment.

  • So with some naive enthusiasm to help, I created a panic button

  • that you click to show motivational and inspriational content.

  • Some of it directly related to porn and some not.

  • This was not intended to be big and it's not technically sofistacted.

  • But I thought the community might like access to centralized motivation.

  • When NoFap put the button up 3,000 people used it on the first day.

  • Today the panic button is used millions of times a year

  • by people around the world trying to kick their porn habits.

  • The community suggested users can even submit content for others to see.

  • And of course the whole thing is open-source.

  • With all this traffic you can get some interesting data.

  • People quitting porn on NoFap are primarily young,

  • the majority actually below 25.

  • Faith is important for some

  • but the majority of NoFap is non-religious, around 80%.

  • This is far from a male-only problem, but it is overwhelmingly male, over 90%.

  • As we can see here California is clearly the horniest state.

  • (Laughter)

  • But they're probably just the most populous.

  • This movement touches on a lot of issues from gender to politics, to economics,

  • none of which I'm qualified to talk about.

  • What I can attest to is the emergent culture

  • surrounding this idea of avoiding porn and maturation.

  • In the Internet, where misogyny is sometimes the norm, a community

  • has built around preparing and maintaining real life relationships,

  • undoing what porn made men think of women and bringing back our healthy sexuality.

  • But that's not it.

  • NoFap has heart lifting stories about saved relationships and marriages,

  • but also saved careers, ambition, creativity and drive so profound

  • that the community has dubbed the effects of quitting porn superpowers.

  • Abstaining from ejaculation for about 7-days

  • has been shown to increase testosterone in men by about 45%,

  • becoming something of a yuppy phenomenon,

  • appearing in major cultural sources like The Huffington Post and Vice,

  • but also places like Business Insider.

  • Young men are avoiding the numbing effect of porn

  • not simply for sexual or ethical reasons

  • but to gain an edge in their careers and lives.

  • As one user explained:

  • "I've been able to do things I never thought I'd be able to do:

  • asking a girl to prom, starting and holding conversations with strangers,

  • being able to achieve when most people just throw in the towel

  • at the first sign of adversity."

  • So despite the doom and gloom I see this as a positive story

  • about how the human spirit is alive and well.

  • The growth of NoFap epitomizes the double-edged sword of technology.

  • It can tear people down or it can help them up.

  • But it also highlights the kind of conversations

  • that we need to have culturally in a fundamentally free society.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

As we all know, from colonial times up until the 1960'sc

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TEDx】Porn The New Tobacco|ジャック・フィッシャー|TEDxBinghamtonUniversity (【TEDx】Porn The New Tobacco | Jack Fischer | TEDxBinghamtonUniversity)

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    阿瑜 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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