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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you many, many new expressions.

  • Okay? These words and expressions all have to do with "house" and "home",

  • so they're all expressions that have the word "house" or "home" in them. Okay?

  • So, to get started, I wanted to explain the difference between "house" and "home" before

  • we even look at the other expressions. So, let's get started with that.

  • So, there is a little bit of a difference. A "home" means a house, an apartment, it can mean a condo,

  • it can be any place a person lives. Okay?

  • So, if you ever watched the TV show Sesame Street,

  • there was a character, Oscar the Grouch, his home was in a garbage can. Okay? It's

  • not a house, but it's his home because he lives there. Where a mouse, for example, his

  • home might be in a wall. Okay? Or some people, again, maybe their home is in a tent. So,

  • a home is a place where you live. This is different from a "house".

  • A house is one type of building. Okay? So, a house is not an apartment, it's not a condo.

  • This is a house. This is a house. Okay? So, a house is a very specific type of building.

  • So that's the difference.

  • "Home" is... Refers to anywhere a person lives, but a "house" is a type of building. There

  • might be nobody who lives in the house. Okay? I might have four houses, but I... The one

  • I live in is my home. So that's what the difference is.

  • Okay, so let's look at some of these very common expressions.

  • The first one is the word "hometown".

  • I'm going to give you an example of this sentence: "My hometown is Toronto."

  • Okay? What do you think "hometown" means?

  • I'll give you a hint. I'm from Toronto and I was born in Toronto.

  • So, "hometown" is the place you're from. Okay? So, I have a friend

  • who was born in Paris. My friend's hometown is Paris. Some people come from big hometowns,

  • other people come from small hometowns. Okay? So the hometown is where you were born or

  • where you spent your childhood. Where you were living when you were a child,

  • that's your hometown.

  • The next word: "homesick". And I want you to notice my pronunciation of these words.

  • You'll notice that for "hometown" and "homesick", "home" is the loud part. Okay? I say "home"

  • louder than "town", and "home" louder than "sick", so: "homesick".

  • Here's my example sentence of this word:

  • "I'm homesick. I miss my family." Okay?

  • "I'm homesick. I miss my family."

  • Do you think "homesick" means you're happy or you're sad?

  • If you're homesick, it means you're sad.

  • Why are you sad? Because you're not at home; you're not in your country

  • or your city. You're travelling, you're far from where you live. So, many students from

  • all over the world come to Canada to study English. A lot of students miss their families,

  • they miss their friends, they're a little bit sad because they miss everybody, so we

  • say they are homesick. They miss their country, they are homesick.

  • Okay, again, we have two more words with home: "homeless" and "homelessness". Okay?

  • These words have the same meaning, it's just this is an adjective, and this is a noun.

  • So, I'll give some examples of this. For "homeless":

  • "I sleep on the streets. I'm homeless." Okay?

  • This means I don't have a home. I don't have a place to live. I live on the streets. Okay?

  • So, you know, sometimes when you go to different cities, there are a lot of people on the street,

  • they're asking for money, and they don't have a place to live, we say those people are homeless.

  • When we talk about this problem, we say: "The problem is homelessness."

  • Okay? So that's the noun form. So, there is a lot of homelessness in Toronto.

  • There is a lot of homelessness in many parts of the world.

  • There are many homeless people in Toronto. Okay? So both

  • of these mean you don't have a home, or someone who doesn't have a home.

  • Okay, the next expression is a more positive expression.

  • The expression is: "Home sweet home!"

  • Okay? "Home sweet home!"

  • So, my sentence here is:

  • "Ahh, home sweet home!"

  • Do you think this is a happy expression or a sad expression?

  • Well, if you guessed happy because there's a big smiley face beside it, you're correct.

  • When we say: "Home sweet home", we usually

  • say it when we've been away from our home, either travelling or maybe we went to work,

  • so we're not home, when we come home, we're very happy:

  • "Oh, I'm at home. Finally. I can put on my pajamas, I can, you know, have dinner. I'm so happy to be home."

  • So when people arrive at their home, they say sometimes:

  • "Ahh, home sweet home!" It means: "Ahh, I'm happy to be home." Okay?

  • So let's look at some other common expressions with the word "house" and "home".

  • Okay, so our next two words are very important because students often mix them up; they often

  • confuse them. The words are "housework" and "homework". A lot of students make mistakes

  • with these, because they both have the word "work" in them, but one is "house" and the

  • other one is "home". Okay? So, what is the difference? Well, let's look at "housework" first.

  • "Housework" has to do with cleaning, cleaning your house.

  • Okay? It can be doing the laundry, it can be washing dishes, it can be cooking.

  • All of the work that you do

  • to keep your house clean is housework. So, for example: "She does all the housework."

  • It means she does all the cleaning, all the cooking, all the laundry. Okay? My dad used

  • to do a lot of housework. It means he does a lot of cleaning, a lot of cooking. Okay?

  • So we use this a lot. This weekend, I have to do housework.

  • It means this weekend I have to clean my house and, you know, do these types of chores.

  • Now, this is very different than "homework", which if you are a student, you may know this

  • word, "homework". "Homework" is the work you get at school to do at your house, and then

  • the next day you bring this to school, and your teacher marks it. Okay? So, for example:

  • "Our teacher gave us too much homework."

  • A lot of students say this. Homework is very good, though, right?

  • It's good to get as much practice as possible. So, you want homework,

  • it's a good idea.

  • Okay, the next expression: "Make yourself at home."

  • This is a very, very important expression

  • for when you have people who come to your house to visit. Okay? So, imagine you came

  • to my house, what would I say when you come in?

  • "Oh, make yourself at home. Can I get you something to drink?"

  • It means I want you to be comfortable at my home, so please feel comfortable here. Okay?

  • "Make yourself at home. Please, have a seat. Make yourself at home."

  • It's an expression we use all the time, very, very often whenever we want to tell

  • someone: "Welcome to our home. Please feel comfortable." Okay?

  • Okay, the next expression, a lot of students don't know, but this is a very important expression

  • for when you go to a restaurant.

  • Okay? So this is a very important restaurant expression:

  • "on the house". "It's on the house."

  • Okay? This is a very good meaning. It's very positive.

  • It means something at a restaurant is free. Okay? So you don't have to pay for it. So,

  • for example, maybe drinks are on the house. That means drinks are free at this restaurant.

  • Some restaurants have, you know, maybe salad on the house. A lot of Japanese restaurants

  • have soup on the house. Okay? Meaning: You don't have to pay for that; it comes for free

  • with your meal. Or sometimes maybe the bartender or the server or the cook, they really like

  • you, so maybe they want to, you know, be nice to you, so they might give you free food.

  • In that case, it's also "on the house".

  • Okay, our next word is also about restaurants: "house specialty".

  • When we talk about a house specialty, it means the meal or the type of food a restaurant is famous for.

  • It's the dish the restaurant makes the best. Okay? So, for example:

  • "Pizza is their house specialty."

  • This means that pizza is the meal that they make the best. If you come to this restaurant,

  • you should have the pizza because it's their house speciality, it means it's the best thing

  • they make. Okay? So, again, all of these are very common expressions we use in our everyday lives.

  • Now, let's look at a couple more expressions.

  • Okay, so I'm going to teach you four more expressions. The first one is: "house wine".

  • So, this is a good word if you like going to restaurants or bars, and you like to drink

  • wine. The house wine is usually the cheaper wine at a restaurant. Okay? So, if you don't

  • want to spend a lot of money at a restaurant and you want something that is kind of recommended

  • by the restaurant, you can ask for the house wine. Now, wine usually comes in red or white,

  • so they might ask you a question like this:

  • "Would you like the house red?"

  • meaning the house's red wine, so the... The red wine that isn't that expensive.

  • "Or would you like the house white?"

  • Okay? And so, they're talking about wine.

  • Another expression that you might hear is "house music".

  • All right? For those of you who love to go party, who love to go clubbing,

  • who like going out on Friday nights, you might

  • hear house music. So, "house music" is a type of dance music that is very, very popular

  • at clubs. Okay? So, for example:

  • "The club plays house and hip hop music." Okay? So these

  • are the types of music they play. So, "house" is a genre of music that's good for dancing.

  • Okay, our next word: "fullhouse". Here's an example, and then I'll tell you what it means.

  • "It's a fullhouse. There are no more tickets for the play." Okay? So, "fullhouse" has to

  • do with the word "full", meaning there's many people in a place. We use this mainly when

  • we talk about theatre and plays. Okay? So, if you ever go to New York and you want to

  • watch a play, maybe there's no tickets because it's a fullhouse, meaning it's full. There's

  • so many people watching this play. Okay? So, a fullhouse means a place has many people,

  • so there's... Every ticket has been bought for a play.

  • Finally, the last word, very common, we like to talk about "house parties".

  • A "house party" is a party that somebody has at their house. Okay?

  • We can also use it for when

  • we talk about parties at people's apartments, or condos, or anywhere somebody lives. So,

  • a house party is when you go to a party at a person's home. Okay? So, for example:

  • -"What are you doing tonight?" -"I'm going to a house party tonight."

  • It means you're not going to a party at a club, you're not going to a party at Chuck E. Cheese; you're going to

  • a house party. Okay? So you're going to someone's home, and there's probably going to be music,

  • and drinking. Okay? So that's usually what we mean by a "house party".

  • All right, so I hope you have learned a lot today about the differences between "house" and "home",

  • and all of the great expressions that we have in English that use these two words.

  • I invite you to come check out our website at www.engvid.com.

  • There, you can actually do a quiz to make sure you actually understand these words,

  • and you can practice using them there. Okay?

  • So, until next time, I hope you've enjoyed everything,

  • and I will see you later.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you many, many new expressions.

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A2 初級

HOUSEとHOMEを使った英単語・表現 (English Vocabulary & Expressions with HOUSE and HOME)

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    Chris に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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