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  • Will a tiny island in the South China Sea make a big difference

  • in the territorial dispute over the region?

  • I'm Carl Azuz and that's what we're exploring first up today.

  • It's good to see you. We'll start by moving over to Taiwan.

  • It's a country that lays claim to Itu Aba Island, also known as Taiping Island,

  • which is about a three-hour flight from southern Taiwan.

  • It's part of the Spratly Islands, home to around 200 people.

  • And if United Nations Court rules that this island can support human life,

  • it could give Taiwan control of the territory around it,

  • fishing rights, permission to explore for minerals around the island.

  • There's a lot tied in to that decision.

  • But, China, which also has interests in the region, doesn't accept the court's authority.

  • And Taiping Island is just one component of a larger dispute,

  • a larger struggle to define who owns what.

  • The contested waters of the South China Sea, seen from a Taiwanese military plane.

  • And this is what greets you when you land at Taiping, an island controlled by Taiwan.

  • Taiping is a tiny island. It basically runs the length of this runway.

  • The Taiwanese government first laid claim to this place more than half a century ago,

  • but this is the very first time the government says

  • that journalists have been invited to see it firsthand.

  • And it's at a time when tensions are ratcheting up here in the South China Sea.

  • At least six different countries have competing claims for this body of water.

  • But China claims almost all of it.

  • And to cement China's claim, Beijing has been building a series of manmade islands atop reefs and atolls

  • in the hotly disputed Spratly archipelago.

  • It's making the neighbors nervous. Enter the U.S. Navy.

  • We caught up with the aircraft carrier John C. Stennis shortly after it sailed through the South China Sea,

  • performing an unmistakable show of U.S. force.

  • Washington calls these visits freedom of navigation operations. They clearly irritate the Chinese.

  • This is the Chinese Navy. This is the Chinese Navy. Please, go away quickly.

  • Last year, CNN accompanied a U.S. Navy spy plane that flew over China's manmade islands.

  • You go!

  • Beijing expressed outrage,

  • issuing formal protests and calling these operations a very serious provocation.

  • So, where do smaller claimants like Taiwan fit in?

  • On Taiping, officials showed off the island's chickens and goats as well as supplies of fresh water.

  • If Taiwan proves Taiping can sustain human life,

  • then the Taiwanese can make the case for a potentially

  • lucrative 200 nautical mile economic exclusion zone around the island.

  • More than 5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's.

  • It's a disease that's associated with memory loss and decrease brain function.

  • In a new survey by the Alzheimer's Association, look into the disease's effects

  • on people who care for Alzheimer's patients, their families, their loved ones.

  • It found they feel a significant financial impact,

  • an average of more than $5,000 per year that caregiver spend of their own money.

  • It also found that some of them are more likely to go hungry

  • or cut back on their own medical treatment to make ends meet

  • and affording care for the Alzheimer's patients.

  • So, what could be done about this?

  • The association suggests the national effort to help families

  • better understand the expenses they could face,

  • plan for the future and know what services are available

  • in their communities to help with Alzheimer's care.

  • It only weighs three pounds, has a texture like firmed jelly and tons of wrinkles.

  • Yet that pint-sized prune of a brain is the most amazing powerful organ

  • in your entire body when it's working right.

  • But when it's not, as in Alzheimer's disease, the results can be devastating.

  • Take a look here. The brain on left, that's normal.

  • The one on the right has advanced Alzheimer's. Here's another view.

  • See how the brain shrinks and fluid filled spaces expand.

  • That's Alzheimer's crippling the ability to think and to plan.

  • And also look here at the hippocampus. It shrivels.

  • The small sea horse shape's structure allows us to form new memories

  • but it's also the first to disintegrate.

  • So, how does this all happen?

  • It starts inside the wrinkled part of the brain here called the cortex,

  • where billions of brain cells interconnecting trillions of ways to create these neuron forests,

  • tiny electric charges move signals like a baby's cry to each neuron,

  • to a junction called the synapse, where chemicals called neurotransmitters leap across the gap,

  • carrying the cry to more and more neurons and the memory is born.

  • But in Alzheimer's, protein pieces called beta amyloid begin to clump together,

  • while another protein called Tau starts to fall apart,

  • creating plaques and tangles, that blocks signals and nutrients from getting through.

  • Cells begin to die. New memories cannot take hold.

  • The ability to think and plan deteriorates.

  • Personality and behavior is affected. And ultimately, the once mighty brain is no more.

  • Just south of Malaysia and north of Indonesia, you'll find the island nation of Singapore,

  • and that's where we found ISS International School.

  • Thank you for watching and requesting at CNNStudentNews.com.

  • On the other side of the Pacific, we come to the community of Cloverdale, Oregon.

  • The Bobcats are there, watching from Nestucca High School.

  • And watching from the southern U.S., in the community of Cut Off, Louisiana,

  • hello to South Lafourche High School. The Tarpons are on the roll.

  • Will the Hyperloop become a new mode of transportation?

  • On paper, it's safe, it's incredibly fast, it's not dependent on the weather.

  • It's relatively green, and it wouldn't cost much for travelers to use.

  • But in reality, it's unproven.

  • There are concerns about safety, whether passengers might feel claustrophobic,

  • or if they'd even be able to stand up inside the vehicle.

  • The big question is whether the actual cost to build a Hyperloop

  • and someone will have to build one, will go well beyond initial estimates.

  • Some companies are finding out.

  • Those tubes could be the future of travel.

  • We went to the middle of the desert where one company has started building tech

  • they say will revolutionize transportation, Hyperloop Technologies.

  • Hyperloop, an idea for what the future of transportation could one day look like,

  • famously scrawled on a napkin by tech magnate Elon Musk.

  • It almost looks like science fiction,

  • you sit in a pot and are catapulted through a depressurize tube at over 700 miles per hour.

  • Elon Musk came up with the idea, but open source it, challenging anyone in the world to make it a reality.

  • Two companies took on the task.

  • One called Hyperloop Transportation Technologies is made up of volunteers around the world

  • who engineer in exchange for stock options.

  • And then there's Hyperloop Technologies, similar name, different team.

  • The proof point was when in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina,

  • they actually, you know, for the first time, achieved human flight in an airplane.

  • For us, our Kitty Hawk moment is building our test track,

  • three-mile test track and doing that by the end of 2016,

  • and hitting over 700 miles per hour with our system.

  • And Pishevar says Hyperloop won't be limited to just moving people.

  • The top 15, 1-5, cargo ships in the world pollute the world more than all the cars in the world combine.

  • That's a billion parts. And so, you have a cleaner, more efficient and less expensive solution.

  • Sleeping with sharks.

  • Aquarium de Paris and Airbnb are offering guests a chance to sleep in an underwater room.

  • The bedroom is submerged in a tank holding 35 sharks.

  • Guests will also enjoy a meal and a tour of the aquarium.

  • Three winners will be selected to spend the night in April.

  • Freediver and shark conservationist Fred Buyle will host the guests. .

  • After the event, the shark-themed bedroom will be used as a study center for marine biologists

  • If the person who shot this video says, "My grandma can dead-lift more than you,"

  • he might be right.

  • This is Shirley Webb. She's 78 years old.

  • That bar in front of her weighs 225 pounds and she's not just lifting it once.

  • Come on, she's going for three reps, at least as far as we can see.

  • Maybe she can do more. What's crazy is she didn't lift at all until she was 76.

  • Now, she says the harder she works out, the better she feels.

  • And when it comes to leg days,

  • she's there with barbells on, pulling more than her own weight, giving everyone a lift.

  • She's a truly a gym-spiration, sweeping the gym-nation.

  • Proof it's never too late to work in or workout.

  • I'm Carl Azuz, and you can bench we'll press on with more news tomorrow.

Will a tiny island in the South China Sea make a big difference

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2016年3月31日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (March 31, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle)

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