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  • Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

  • Neil: and I'm Neil. OK Alice, I've got something for you here... a question...

  • Alice: Yeah.

  • Neil: Ready? What is the Mexican version of One Direction?

  • Alice: Um... No idea.

  • Neil: Juan Direction. Get it?

  • Alice: Very good...

  • Neil: Juan Direction... You know?

  • Alice: Yes, yes, I get it.

  • Neil: Never mind. Can you guess what the subject of today's show is instead?

  • Alice: Is it bad jokes?

  • Neil: Come on! That was a good little gag!

  • Yes. The subject of today's show is... what makes us laugh.

  • And in this context, to get something, for example a gagor joke, means to understand it.

  • We all like to laughwell not you apparentlybut most of us do!

  • It's good for our health, it reduces stress and releases feel-good hormones in the body.

  • Alice: OK, thank you, Neil.

  • But how about answering today's quiz question?

  • Which Greek word means the study of laughter and its effects on the body?

  • Is it... a) risology? b) gelotology? or c) comology?

  • Neil: That's difficult and I'm going to say

  • c) comology because it's got the word "comedy" in it, you see?

  • Alice: Oh, very good. OK. Well, we'll find out later if you're right.

  • Now, did you know, we rarely laugh when we're on our own?

  • Laughter is a social thing that we generally like to share with other people.

  • Neil: Really? I laugh when I'm watching cartoons on my own... don't you, Alice?

  • Alice: No, Neil, I don't.

  • Anyway, some researchers believe that the purpose of laughter is related to the way we bond with each other.

  • And the more we laugh, the more we bond as a group.

  • Neil: Interesting idea. It could explain why stand-up comedy

  • where a comedian performs in front of and talks directly to their audience

  • is very popular entertainment.

  • But what does it take to keep your audience laughing?

  • Let's listen to Steve Byrne, a successful US comedian talking about this.

  • Steve Byrne: The one single thing an aspiring comedian should do is to write, write, write

  • and talk about the things that make them laugh.

  • Selfishnesstime to be selfishtime to be a little narcissistic.

  • What is it that makes you laugh? Because that will get you closer to finding your voice.

  • Because ultimately that's why people come see you.

  • Neil: So comedians need to be selfish and narcissistic

  • That sounds pretty negative!

  • Alice: Yes, it does. Narcissistic means being too interested in yourself

  • for example your appearance or other personal qualities.

  • And aspiring means wanting to be successful in your chosen career.

  • Neil: And what does Steve mean when he says comedians need to find their voice?

  • Alice: Well, he means they need to talk about what they think in a way that's unique

  • meaning unusual or special to them.

  • Neil: OK. Let's listen to Steve again talking about turning 40 and what he finds funny about that.

  • Steve Byrne: When you turn 40 you will hear this in your life and hopefully you'll hear this the rest of your life.

  • "You look good for 40. You look good for 52. You look great for 63."

  • You never hear that when you're young. You never hear: "You look good for 19."

  • You think there's going to be some secret magic potionsome magic shortcut to it all.

  • It's writing and getting up on stage.

  • It takes a lot of perseverance and it's such a competitive occupation.

  • You know, you've just got to outwork everybody.

  • Neil: Well, we heard Steve making his audience laugh there.

  • And by the way, Alice, you look fantastic for 40.

  • Alice: That's not funny, Neil. I'm only 39 and you know it.

  • Anyway, moving on, Steve says there's no magic potion or shortcut to success.

  • You have to work hardit doesn't happen by itself.

  • And perseverance means to keep on trying to achieve something even when it's difficult.

  • Neil: He says you have to outwork everybody

  • which means to work harder than everybody else.

  • Steve certainly doesn't make comedy sound much fun, does he?

  • Alice: No. In fact some people say there's a connection between depression and comedy

  • that comedians can be introverted and depressive.

  • Neil: Is that right? Introverts are generally quiet people who are more interested in their

  • own thoughts and feelings than in spending time with other people.

  • Alice: Yes, you'd think that most comedians would be extroverts

  • people who are lively and enjoy the company of others.

  • OK I think it's time for the answer to our quiz question,

  • Neil. I asked: Which Greek word means the study of laughter and its effects on the body?

  • Is it... a) risology? b) gelotology? or c) comology?

  • Neil: Yes. I said c) comology, which I think I'm beginning to regret now.

  • Alice: Yes, well, indeed. Sorry, I'm afraid that's the wrong answer.

  • (laughing)... It's actually b) gelotology

  • which comes from the Greek word, gelos, meaning laughter.

  • Neil: OK. You can stop sniggering now, Alice and just tell us today's words once again?

  • Alice: Alright then. Here they are:

  • get something (e.g. a joke)

  • gag

  • stand-up comedy

  • narcissistic

  • aspiring

  • unique

  • perseverance

  • outwork

  • introverts

  • extroverts

  • Neil: Well, that just about brings us to the end of today's 6 Minute English.

  • Alice: See you next time.

  • Both: Bye.

Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Alice.

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A2 初級 TOEIC

BBC 6 Minute English 2015年11月12日 - 私たちを笑わせるもの (BBC 6 Minute English November 12, 2015 - What makes us laugh)

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    Adam Huang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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