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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you the four futures. Okay?

  • A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know "will" and "going to".

  • I'm going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they're different

  • from one another. Okay?

  • So let's get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when

  • you have "be" verb, so "I am", "you are", "he is", "she is", "they are", I don't know

  • if I said "we are", "we are" plus the verb and "ing". Okay? So we have "am", the v。erb,

  • "ing". This is known as the present continuous. It's usually one of the first things you will

  • learn when you're learning English. So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you

  • think: "Oh, present continuous, it's taking place now." You're right, but we can also

  • use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that

  • is going to happen very, very soon.

  • So, for example, if you ask me: "Emma, what are you doing this weekend?" Well:

  • "I'm hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend." Okay?

  • Or I might say: "I'm shopping this weekend.",

  • "I'm studying this weekend." If you ask me: "What are you doing tonight?" Well, you know,

  • I want to be a good student, so: -"I'm studying tonight. I'm studying tonight."

  • -"What are you doing next week?" -"Well, next week...

  • I'm working next week." Okay? So present continuous

  • is very, very common for when we're talking about the future that's going to happen soon.

  • Not future that's going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now - no, no, that's

  • far future. We're talking about the future that's going to happen in the next couple

  • of days. Okay? So very, very soon future.

  • We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is

  • when you take a verb and, you know, it's in the basic form, usually you add an "s". If

  • it's third-person singular, for example: "I leave", "you leave", "he leaves", "she leaves",

  • "they leave", "we leave". So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned

  • we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present

  • when we're talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example... And by this I mean

  • timetables. We use this when we're talking about a schedule event; something that is

  • scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we're talking

  • about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we're

  • talking about TV shows. We can use it when we're talking about restaurants opening and

  • closing, or stores, when they open and close. So we use this when we're thinking about a

  • schedule or a timetable.

  • So here are some examples: "The last train leaves at 6pm today."

  • So 6pm hasn't happened yet. It's in the future,

  • but because this is a schedule event, it's a timetable event,

  • it's a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here's another example:

  • "The restaurant opens at 5pm today."

  • So this hasn't happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen

  • in the future. But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay?

  • Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm.

  • Here's a third example, I like watching TV, imagine

  • I like The Big Bang Theory: "My TV show, The Big Bang Theory, starts at 4pm." So again,

  • it's a routine, it's a schedule that takes place in the future, but it's still a schedule

  • so we can use the simple present here. All right, so these two, even though they're present

  • tenses, they can be used for the future.

  • Now let's look at the two verbs we commonly use for the future or we commonly think of

  • as future verbs. "Be going to" + a verb and "will". So, "be going to" + verb:

  • "I'm going to study.", "I'm going to sleep.",

  • "You are going to watch a video." Okay? These are examples

  • of the "be going to" + verb future.

  • So we use this when we're talking about the near future.

  • Similar to this... So it's not a future that's very, very far away; it's soon, but

  • it's a future where we think something is going to happen, and we have evidence that

  • something is going to happen.

  • So, for example: "I'm going to study English next month in Canada."

  • This means you probably have your ticket already bought, you're pretty sure about this.

  • There's not a lot of confusion.

  • This is almost going to happen almost certainly. So you're pretty sure about this.

  • "I'm going to study English next month."

  • Another example, imagine I watch the weather station. Okay?

  • And the meteorologist has predicted the weather, but it's a very good prediction because we

  • see these clouds in the sky, there's a lot of evidence it's going to rain. Because there's

  • evidence, we could use this tense and we could say:

  • "It's going to rain all week."

  • So this is based... It's in the near future, but it's based on some sort of evidence. This is likely

  • to happen, and we're pretty sure it's going to happen. We have some evidence that makes

  • us think it's going to happen.

  • So this is a bit different from "will", which is one of the maybe easier futures to think

  • about. We use "will" + a verb.

  • For example: "I will always love you.",

  • "I will study hard.",

  • "I will do my taxes on time."

  • Okay? So we use "will" + a verb when we're talking, first

  • of all, in the far future. So this is all soon. This is very soon; whereas this, is

  • very far. So for example:

  • "In 50 years, everyone will speak Chinese."

  • We use this also when we're not so sure about something.

  • This is my prediction, but I don't have much evidence

  • of this. I'm not very, very sure, so I will use "will" because I'm not sure; whereas if

  • I'm very sure, there's a lot of evidence, I know it's going to happen, I do "be going to".

  • So this one, there's not a lot of evidence, and it's a prediction we don't have evidence for.

  • Another example: "Aliens will invade Earth." Okay? In 25 years, aliens are coming,

  • they will invade the Earth. I don't mean to scare you. Luckily, I'm using "will", which

  • means I'm not really sure. If I said to you: "This week, aliens are invading the Earth",

  • you'd be very scared. If I said: "Aliens are going to invade the Earth. I know this. I

  • have secret government documents." I'd be using this, and you'd be scared, too. But

  • with "will", it's "will" so you don't have to be scared. It might not happen.

  • We also use "will" when we're making promises. Okay? So if somebody ever gets down on their

  • knee, and says:

  • -"Emma, will you marry me?"

  • -"I will marry you."

  • It means I'm promising to marry you.

  • Okay? Or maybe I don't really like the person, I might say:

  • "I won't marry you."

  • "Won't" is the negative form of "will". So I promise not to marry you.

  • I don't know in your culture, but in Canadian culture and many Western cultures, for New

  • Years, we always make these resolutions. We think: "Oh..." When it's New Years, when it's

  • January 1st, we make some sort of promise to our self that we're never going to do something

  • again, or we're going to start doing something. We normally use "will" for these. So, for

  • example, maybe you have had too many beers, and you're thinking:

  • "I don't want to ever drink again",

  • you might make a promise to yourself:

  • "I won't drink again. I will never drink again."

  • Okay? Or maybe you want to stop smoking:

  • "I will never smoke again. I will never do this again."

  • Okay? Maybe your parents are angry at you because, you know, you did

  • really bad on a test:

  • "I promise I will work harder, I will study harder."

  • So these are promises. We use "will" for promise.

  • Finally, we also use "will" for volunteering. Okay? When we want to volunteer for something,

  • we want to offer our help. We want to help someone, we can use "will". So, for example:

  • -"Emma, can you clean the dishes?" -"I'll do it."

  • -"Emma, can you vacuum the floor?"

  • -"Sure. I'll vacuum.",

  • "I'll get the telephone.",

  • "I'll help you with your homework.",

  • "I'll help you learn English."

  • I'm volunteering, and so I use "I will". Okay?

  • So just to recap, just to quickly go over everything:

  • there are four futures I'm teaching you today.

  • Present continuous can be used as the future if it's very soon.

  • Simple present can be used for the future if it's a routine or schedule,

  • something that's like... If you

  • look at a schedule in the future, we can use the simple present.

  • We can use "be going to"

  • if we're talking about the near future and some kind of plan that... Or prediction we

  • have evidence for. We are pretty certain it's going to happen. And then we can use "will"

  • and a verb for the far future for a promise or when we want to volunteer for something.

  • Okay?

  • So, there you have it, four futures.

  • I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com.

  • There, you can actually practice these on our quiz.

  • I hope you will do it soon.

  • I hope, actually... I hope you're doing it today or tomorrow.

  • Okay? So until next time, take care.

  • I wish you the best of luck.

  • And good day, sir.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you the four futures. Okay?

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Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE

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