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  • he Dalai Lama recently implied that he would be the last person to hold his position. After

  • his death, there would not be another - because the Dalai Lama would not be reborn in China

  • unless Tibet is free from Chinese rule. China disagrees and is calling on the Dalai Lama

  • to respect the historic custom of reincarnation. There’s a lot to explain in there, but let’s

  • first look at the relationship between China and Tibet.

  • This is China and Tibet is here. The Tibetan people are a unique ethno-cultural group,

  • and this is the area that many Tibetans think of as their homeland. China, who currently

  • controls the area, only recognizes this section as being Tibet. They call it the Tibet Autonomous

  • Region and like to represent it as just that; an autonomous region of China under Tibetan

  • authority with an ethnically Tibetan chairman in charge. But in reality, an ethnically Chinese

  • branch secretary of the Communist Party is the real authority there and many Tibetans

  • argue that the Tibet Autonomous Region isn’t autonomous at all. It’s simply an occupied

  • area under Chinese rule.

  • And they have compelling reasons to argue that point. Tibet had independent rule under

  • the authority of the previous 13th Dalai Lama and other Tibetan Buddhist leaders in the

  • beginning of the 20th century. In the 1940’s, China took over. Then, after the Communist

  • Revolution, the People’s Republic of China invaded and incorporated Tibet in 1951. They

  • did this by ousting the old Chinese Government, installing the current 14th Dalai Lama as

  • the new leader of Tibet, and getting him to sign the Seventeen-Point Agreement. He was

  • 15 at the time, and the agreement was supposed to guarantee Tibetan regional autonomy and

  • the respect of Buddhism in the region. This was in exchange for allowing China to set

  • up civilian and military headquarters inside Tibet.

  • The Dalai Lama has since repudiated this deal. He was also involved in the 1959 Tibetan Uprising

  • that ended with 80,000 Tibetans, including himself, fleeing the country for Northern

  • India. They live there today in exile and still campaign for Tibetan freedom.

  • They fear that China is intentionally undermining Tibetan culture and way of life by encouraging

  • mass Han Chinese migration to Tibet, building up industry there, and systematically pillaging

  • Tibet’s resources. They also accuse China of human rights violations and widespread

  • persecution of the Tibetan people. On top of all of this, China also has a history of

  • undermining the Buddhist Religion.

  • The Dalai Lama is both a political figure and a holy figure in Buddhism. He’s the

  • reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama and was identified as such, as a boy for his ability

  • to recognize items owned by the previous Dalai Lama. Buddhism also has the The Panchen Lama,

  • who’s the second most important figure in Tibet's spiritual hierarchy. He also plays

  • a role in finding the next Dalai Lama. In 1995, the Dalai Lama identified a boy as the

  • new Panchen Lama, but the Chinese Government detained the boy and he hasn’t been seen

  • since. China also installed their own choice for the Panchen Lama, but he’s not accepted

  • by most Tibetans.

  • With all of that in mind, you can see why the Dalai Lama would want to get the word

  • out ahead of time about his not reincarnating in China. When the Dalai Lama passes on, there

  • is reasonable concern that China will try to install their own representative in his

  • place, which would obviously be detrimental to the fight for Tibetan freedom.

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he Dalai Lama recently implied that he would be the last person to hold his position. After

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B1 中級

なぜチベットは自由ではないのか? (Why Isn't Tibet Free?)

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    Kay に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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