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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I'm going to teach you a little bit about


  • speaking. I'm going to teach you some expressions that can really help you if you're giving


  • presentations, if you're taking the TOEFL, if you're taking the IELTS, or just generally


  • for business English and also in university classes. Okay? So these are all going to be


  • expressions you can use when you speak.


  • Now, the expressions I'm talking about specifically are expressions you can use after you've finished


  • talking, just to, sort of, conclude. Okay? So these are ways to say, "In conclusion."

    について話していきます。いいですか?なので、"In conclusion."の様々な言い換えを紹介していきます。

  • So I have here two expressions: "In conclusion", "thus". Okay? I don't know if you've ever

    さて、こちらには"In conclusion", "thus"の二つの表現があります。いいですか?

  • seen these expressions before, but if you've written an essay, you've probably seen these.


  • These come at the very end of an essay. In speech, we don't really use these. Okay?


  • "In conclusion" and "thus", they're very, very formal, and so they sound a little strange.

    "In conclusion"と"thus"は、非常に非常に硬い表現なので、聞いてて少し違和感を感じます。

  • Okay? If you are a university professor, yeah. Maybe you'll use this. But for most people,


  • they're not so common. So when we speak, we don't really use these. We use these in writing,


  • not speaking. Okay?


  • So I want you to imagine this. Imagine I am giving a speech. I'm giving a presentation,


  • and I'm talking about why dogs are great pets. Okay? So imagine this. I've told you first,


  • dogs are very loyal. They're man's best friend. Maybe I've talked a little bit about how cute


  • dogs are, how they're so obedient, they listen to their owners, and how they really help


  • people. You know, they help people who are blind. They help people who are lonely. They


  • help people, you know, for herding sheep. There are a lot of things that dogs do. So


  • imagine I give a whole presentation about dogs. Now, at the very end, I really want


  • to just say one more time how great dogs are. Well, I can use any of these expressions to


  • show that.


  • So for example, "to sum up". Okay. So I've just talked a lot about dogs. At the very

    例えば、"to sum up"。先ほど犬についてたくさん話してきました。プレゼンの最後に、

  • end, I might say something like, "To sum up, dogs are great pets." Okay? I might also say,


  • "Yeah. You know, dogs are loyal, so they make great pets." I might say, "In a nutshell,


  • dogs make excellent pets." I really do like this expression, by the way. It's a common


  • idiom. And it's pretty interesting because "nutshell" -- I don't know the history of


  • it, but "in nutshell" means pretty much the same as "in conclusion".

    この言葉の由来は分かりませんが、"in nutshell"は"in conclusion"と同じ意味を指します。

  • We can also say "the bottom line". "The bottom line is dogs make excellent pets." If I've

    "the bottom line"を使ってもいいです。「要するに、犬は素晴らしいペットなのです。」

  • given a lot of reasons -- you know, "dogs are clean; they're cute; they're smart". For these


  • reasons, dogs make excellent pets." And finally, "All in all". It's like from that Pink Floyd

    犬は素晴らしいペットです。」となります。そして最後の"All in all"。"All in all, there's just another brick in the wall."

  • song, "All in all, there's just another brick in the wall." "All in all", again, means "in

    のように、ピンクフロイドの歌の歌詞にもあります。"All in all"も「要するに」を意味し、

  • conclusion". And we use it a lot in speech. "All in all, dogs make wonderful pets." Okay.


  • So these expressions are very, very useful for when you're doing presentations, in business


  • meetings. If you ever take the TOEFL or IELTS, you can use these if the examiner asks you


  • a question. To finish off your answer, these are all wonderful expressions.


  • So all in all, use these expressions. They're great. In a nutshell, these expressions mean

    要するに、これらの表現を使ってください。要するに、これらすべての表現は"in conclusion"と

  • the same thing as "in conclusion" and "thus". The bottom line is, don't use these expressions;


  • use these when you're speaking to finish off your answer or to finish what you're saying.

    これら(in conclusion, thus)は使わずに、こちらの表現を使ってください。

  • Okay?


  • So I invite you to come visit our website at There, you will find a


  • quiz where you can practice all of these expressions. You can also subscribe to my YouTube channel.


  • Thank you for watching this video, and until next time, take care.


Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I'm going to teach you a little bit about


審査済み この字幕は審査済みです

動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

A2 初級 日本語 表現 プレゼン ペット 素晴らしい 使い スピーキング

英語で結論を述べるには? (CONCLUSIONS – How to finish speaking in English)

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    lcoolwind に公開 2016 年 07 月 29 日