Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • So on my way here,

  • the passenger next to me and I had a very interesting conversation

  • during my flight.

  • He told me, "It seems like the United States has run out of jobs,

  • because they're just making some up:

  • cat psychologist, dog whisperer, tornado chaser."

  • A couple of seconds later, he asked me,

  • "So what do you do?"

  • And I was like, "Peacebuilder?"

  • (Laughter)

  • Every day, I work to amplify the voices of women

  • and to highlight their experiences

  • and their participation in peace processes and conflict resolution,

  • and because of my work,

  • I recognize that the only way to ensure the full participation of women globally

  • is by reclaiming religion.

  • Now, this matter is vitally important to me.

  • As a young Muslim woman, I am very proud of my faith.

  • It gives me the strength and conviction to do my work every day.

  • It's the reason I can be here in front of you.

  • But I can't overlook the damage that has been done in the name of religion,

  • not just my own, but all of the world's major faiths.

  • The misrepresentation and misuse and manipulation of religious scripture

  • has influenced our social and cultural norms,

  • our laws, our daily lives,

  • to a point where we sometimes don't recognize it.

  • My parents moved from Libya, North Africa, to Canada

  • in the early 1980s,

  • and I am the middle child of 11 children.

  • Yes, 11.

  • But growing up, I saw my parents,

  • both religiously devout and spiritual people,

  • pray and praise God for their blessings,

  • namely me of course, but among others. (Laughter)

  • They were kind and funny and patient,

  • limitlessly patient, the kind of patience that having 11 kids forces you to have.

  • And they were fair.

  • I was never subjected to religion through a cultural lens.

  • I was treated the same,

  • the same was expected of me.

  • I was never taught that God judged differently based on gender.

  • And my parents' understanding of God as a merciful and beneficial friend

  • and provider shaped the way I looked at the world.

  • Now, of course, my upbringing had additional benefits.

  • Being one of 11 children is Diplomacy 101. (Laughter)

  • To this day, I am asked where I went to school,

  • like, "Did you go to Kennedy School of Government?"

  • and I look at them and I'm like, "No,

  • I went to the Murabit School of International Affairs."

  • It's extremely exclusive. You would have to talk to my mom to get in.

  • Lucky for you, she's here.

  • But being one of 11 children and having 10 siblings

  • teaches you a lot about power structures and alliances.

  • It teaches you focus; you have to talk fast or say less,

  • because you will always get cut off.

  • It teaches you the importance of messaging.

  • You have to ask questions in the right way to get the answers you know you want,

  • and you have to say no in the right way to keep the peace.

  • But the most important lesson I learned growing up

  • was the importance of being at the table.

  • When my mom's favorite lamp broke, I had to be there when she was trying

  • to find out how and by who, because I had to defend myself,

  • because if you're not, then the finger is pointed at you,

  • and before you know it, you will be grounded.

  • I am not speaking from experience, of course.

  • When I was 15 in 2005, I completed high school and I moved

  • from Canada -- Saskatoon --

  • to Zawiya, my parents' hometown in Libya,

  • a very traditional city.

  • Mind you, I had only ever been to Libya before on vacation,

  • and as a seven-year-old girl, it was magic.

  • It was ice cream and trips to the beach and really excited relatives.

  • Turns out it's not the same as a 15-year-old young lady.

  • I very quickly became introduced to the cultural aspect of religion.

  • The words "haram" -- meaning religiously prohibited --

  • and "aib" -- meaning culturally inappropriate --

  • were exchanged carelessly,

  • as if they meant the same thing and had the same consequences.

  • And I found myself in conversation after conversation with classmates

  • and colleagues, professors, friends, even relatives,

  • beginning to question my own rule and my own aspirations.

  • And even with the foundation my parents had provided for me,

  • I found myself questioning the role of women in my faith.

  • So at the Murabit School of International Affairs,

  • we go very heavy on the debate,

  • and rule number one is do your research, so that's what I did,

  • and it surprised me how easy it was

  • to find women in my faith who were leaders,

  • who were innovative, who were strong --

  • politically, economically, even militarily.

  • Khadija financed the Islamic movement

  • in its infancy.

  • We wouldn't be here if it weren't for her.

  • So why weren't we learning about her?

  • Why weren't we learning about these women?

  • Why were women being relegated to positions which predated

  • the teachings of our faith?

  • And why, if we are equal in the eyes of God,

  • are we not equal in the eyes of men?

  • To me, it all came back to the lessons I had learned as a child.

  • The decision maker, the person who gets to control the message,

  • is sitting at the table,

  • and unfortunately, in every single world faith,

  • they are not women.

  • Religious institutions are dominated by men

  • and driven by male leadership,

  • and they create policies in their likeness,

  • and until we can change the system entirely,

  • then we can't realistically expect to have full economic

  • and political participation of women.

  • Our foundation is broken.

  • My mom actually says, you can't build a straight house on a crooked foundation.

  • In 2011, the Libyan revolution broke out, and my family was on the front lines.

  • And there's this amazing thing that happens in war,

  • a cultural shift almost, very temporary.

  • And it was the first time that I felt it was not only acceptable

  • for me to be involved, but it was encouraged.

  • It was demanded.

  • Myself and other women had a seat at the table.

  • We weren't holding hands or a medium.

  • We were part of decision making.

  • We were information sharing. We were crucial.

  • And I wanted and needed for that change to be permanent.

  • Turns out, that's not that easy.

  • It only took a few weeks before the women that I had previously worked with

  • were returning back to their previous roles,

  • and most of them were driven by words of encouragement

  • from religious and political leaders,

  • most of whom cited religious scripture as their defense.

  • It's how they gained popular support for their opinions.

  • So initially, I focused on the economic and political empowerment of women.

  • I thought that would lead to cultural and social change.

  • It turns out, it does a little, but not a lot.

  • I decided to use their defense as my offense,

  • and I began to cite and highlight Islamic scripture as well.

  • In 2012 and 2013, my organization led the single largest

  • and most widespread campaign in Libya.

  • We entered homes and schools and universities, even mosques.

  • We spoke to 50,000 people directly,

  • and hundreds of thousands more through billboards and television commercials,

  • radio commercials and posters.

  • And you're probably wondering how a women's rights organization

  • was able to do this in communities which had previously opposed

  • our sheer existence.

  • I used scripture.

  • I used verses from the Quran and sayings of the Prophet,

  • Hadiths, his sayings which are, for example,

  • "The best of you is the best to their family."

  • "Do not let your brother oppress another."

  • For the first time, Friday sermons led by local community imams

  • promoted the rights of women.

  • They discussed taboo issues, like domestic violence.

  • Policies were changed.

  • In certain communities, we actually had to go as far

  • as saying the International Human Rights Declaration,

  • which you opposed because it wasn't written by religious scholars,

  • well, those same principles are in our book.

  • So really, the United Nations just copied us.

  • By changing the message, we were able to provide

  • an alternative narrative which promoted the rights of women in Libya.

  • It's something that has now been replicated internationally,

  • and while I am not saying it's easy -- believe me, it's not.

  • Liberals will say you're using religion and call you a bad conservative.

  • Conservatives will call you a lot of colorful things.

  • I've heard everything from, "Your parents must be extremely ashamed of you" --

  • false; they're my biggest fans --

  • to "You will not make it to your next birthday" --

  • again wrong, because I did.

  • And I remain

  • a very strong believer that women's rights and religion are not mutually exclusive.

  • But we have to be at the table.

  • We have to stop giving up our position, because by remaining silent,

  • we allow for the continued persecution and abuse of women worldwide.

  • By saying that we're going to fight for women's rights

  • and fight extremism with bombs and warfare,

  • we completely cripple local societies which need to address these issues

  • so that they're sustainable.

  • It is not easy, challenging distorted religious messaging.

  • You will have your fair share of insults and ridicule and threats.

  • But we have to do it.

  • We have no other option than to reclaim the message of human rights,

  • the principles of our faith,

  • not for us, not for the women in your families,

  • not for the women in this room,

  • not even for the women out there,

  • but for societies that would be transformed

  • with the participation of women.

  • And the only way we can do that,

  • our only option,

  • is to be, and remain, at the table.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

So on my way here,

字幕と単語

動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

B1 中級

TED】イスラム教が女性について語ること|アラア・ムラビット|TED Talks (【TED】What Islam Really Says About Women | Alaa Murabit | TED Talks)

  • 251 9
    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
動画の中の単語