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  • Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Rob.

  • Finn: and I'm Finn. Hello, Rob.

  • Rob: Hi there, Finn. I have to say you've got a lean and hungry look today!

  • Finn: Oh really? I'll take that as a compliment, shall I?

  • Rob: Please do. Do you want a doughnut?

  • Finn: Actually, yeah... can I have two?

  • So what are we talking about today, Rob?

  • Rob: We're talking about skinny or very thin models

  • and whether there should be a law banning them from working on the catwalk.

  • And a catwalk is the long runway that models walk down at fashion shows.

  • Finn: Well, no danger there for me there Rob.

  • I think I like eating a little bit too much.

  • Rob: And there's no danger of you becoming a model

  • anyway, Finn, because you're not good looking enough, I'm afraid!

  • Finn: Oh really. OK. Thank you, Rob. That's very nice of you.

  • I think it's time for today's quiz question, please.

  • Rob: OK! Well, here goes.

  • Which country banned the use of underweight models in 2013? Was it... a) Israel

  • b) Canada or c) the US

  • Finn: You know what? I've got no idea.

  • So I'll take a guess and say a) Israel.

  • Rob: OK. Well, we'll find out if that's the right answer later on.

  • So come on, Finn, what do you think?

  • Are the models we see on the catwalk and in the media too skinny?

  • Finn: Well, yeah, I think some models do look fantastic but others look painfully thin.

  • Now, the media, by the way, refers to the different ways information is communicated to us,

  • so, for example, through TV, radio, magazines, and often the internet and newspapers.

  • Rob: OK. Well let's listen to Jamie Gavin, founder and managing director of media agency in Press,

  • talking about a new French law being discussed, preventing the use of underweight models.

  • Can you spot a phrase that means a limit or an ending?

  • Jamie Gavin: I think it's a BMI of 18 or less,

  • that's hopefully going to be banned by the French Assembly today.

  • This is what the US health organization states as being kind of clinically unhealthy.

  • So it's almost like a cut-off point. Yes, be thin,

  • yes be thinner than the general population,

  • but once it starts getting to unhealthy territory really that's time to start banning it.

  • Finn: And the French Assembly did pass this law a few days later.

  • Now, did you spot the phrase for a limit or an ending? It's cut-off point.

  • Rob: So models that are too thin will be banned or won't be allowed to work.

  • And the cut-off point is a BMI of 18 or less.

  • Finn: Now BMI stands for body mass index.

  • And this is the ratio of a person's height to their weight.

  • Ratio means the relationship between two things,

  • showing how big one thing is compared to another.

  • Rob: But what happens if you're just naturally really thin?

  • The authorities could be accused of discrimination against skinny people or

  • treating some people less fairly than others.

  • Finn: That's right. It's a good point.

  • And that's why the French authorities

  • and those of some other countries are using BMI as a way of deciding.

  • So, models with a BMI of 18 or less weigh too little when compared to how tall they are.

  • Rob: And clinically unhealthy, what does that mean?

  • Finn: It means when you need medical treatment for a condition or illness.

  • Rob: Now anorexia is an illness where a person refuses to eat in order to lose weight.

  • But some models these days are so skinny they do look anorexic.

  • Finn: You're right. Let's hear more from Jamie Gavin talking about protecting the health of models.

  • What phrase is used to mean 'the responsibility'?

  • Jamie Gavin: The theatrical agents and the modelling agents

  • that have got a responsibility to look after their clients.

  • There's a huge amount of pressure on both the agent

  • and on the models themselves and really the buck lies with them to make

  • sure these people are healthy and that they're looking after their careers as well.

  • Rob: So the problem with the modelling industry is that

  • the agents who employ the girls put pressure on or strongly persuade them to lose weight.

  • Finn: And in this way they aren't taking care of their clients,

  • they are actually putting them at risk. Now, why's that, Rob?

  • Rob: It's because many people in the fashion industry prefer very thin models

  • so it's a case of supply and demand.

  • The agents are simply supplying the fashion industry with the type of girls they want.

  • Finn: Right. And what does the reporter mean when he says the buck lies with the agents?

  • Rob: When the buck lies or stops with someone it means

  • it's his or her responsibility, not someone else's.

  • And agents who employed underweight

  • models can face fines of up to 75,000 euros, or even prison sentences.

  • Finn: OK, shall we hear the answer to today's quiz question?

  • Rob: OK. Well, I asked you which country banned

  • the use of underweight models in 2013? Was it ... a) Israel b) Canada or c) the US?

  • Finn: I said a) Israel.

  • Rob: And you were right, Finn! Well done.

  • Now, shall we listen to the words we learned today?

  • Finn: We heard:

  • skinny

  • catwalk

  • media

  • cut-off point

  • banned

  • BMI (body mass index)

  • ratio

  • discrimination

  • clinically

  • anorexia

  • put pressure on

  • supply and demand

  • the buck stops with or the buck lies with

  • Rob: Thank you. Well, that brings us to the end of today's 6 Minute English.

  • We hope you had a healthy interest in today's programme.

  • Please join us again soon.

  • Finn: Doughnut?

  • Rob: Go on then.

  • Both: Bye.

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Rob.

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B1 中級 TOEIC

BBC 6 Minute English 2015年7月23日 - モデルは痩せすぎ? (BBC 6 Minute English July 23, 2015 - Are models too skinny?)

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    Adam Huang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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