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  • Hello.

  • And welcome to the program of Living English.

  • You'll learn how to speak English - work, travel, or study.

  • Each week we'll look at a short drama and practise our English.

  • For now let's look at the first episode of our drama 'Sisters and Brothers'.

  • Excuse me.

  • Anne Lee?

  • Yes. Hello.

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • It's very kind of you [...].

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Good morning.

  • How are you?

  • Very well thank you.

  • How was your flight?

  • [...] a bit tired with the very long flight.

  • Let's get your bags.

  • Oh, that's mine! The red one!

  • [...].

  • [...].

  • Don't worry. Mark's strong, aren't you dear?

  • No worries.

  • Come on. Let's go to hotel.

  • Poor Mark.

  • In that episode we saw how to meet people.

  • Let's look again at how Anne meets Sarah.

  • Excuse me.

  • Anne Lee?

  • Yes. Hello.

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Anne says 'Hello'.

  • Try at home with the clip.

  • Excuse me.

  • Anne Lee?

  • Excuse me.

  • Anne Lee?

  • Yes. Hello.

  • 'Hello' is what we usually say when we meet people.

  • What does Sarah say?

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • Sarah says her name.

  • And then she says 'Pleased to meet you'.

  • Let's look at this again.

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • First Sarah says her name...

  • ... because Anne doesn't know who she is.

  • We just say "I'm"...

  • ... which is short for 'I am'.

  • And then her name.

  • In English we say a family name last.

  • Sarah's family name is Taylor.

  • So she says 'I'm Sarah Taylor'.

  • This is formal English.

  • You can just say your first name.

  • So Sarah could say 'I'm Sarah'.

  • My name is Brenton Whittle.

  • So I could say 'Hello. I'm Brenton Whittle'.

  • Now you try introducing yourself.

  • Say your name.

  • Hello, I'm...

  • Sarah says something else.

  • Watch again.

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • She says 'Pleased to meet you'.

  • This is another way of greeting someone.

  • It's a formal way of greeting someone.

  • Practise with the clip.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • Usually in Australia we shake hands when we say 'Pleased to meet you'.

  • Here is another way of greeting someone.

  • Look at the clip.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Good morning.

  • How are you?

  • Very well thank you.

  • Sarah introduces her husband Mark.

  • Let's look again at what she says.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • She says 'This is my husband, Mark'.

  • Practise saying this with the clip.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Now look at how Mark greets Anne.

  • Good morning.

  • How are you?

  • Very well thank you.

  • How are you?

  • It is a very common way of greeting someone.

  • Sometimes we say 'How are you going?'

  • Anne says 'Very well thank you'.

  • Practise saying both of these phrases with the clip.

  • How are you?

  • Very well thank you.

  • Here's one more way of saying 'hello'.

  • Let's look.

  • Good morning.

  • How are you?

  • Very well thank you.

  • Mark says 'Good morning'.

  • Of course you can only say 'good morning' in the morning.

  • Try with the clip.

  • Good morning.

  • Let's look at how English works.

  • English is made up of sentences.

  • Let's look at sentences.

  • Firstly let's listen to Sarah.

  • I'm Sarah Taylor. I'm your new local buyer.

  • Pleased to meet you.

  • "I'm" is a way of saying "I am".

  • The word 'I' is called the subject of the sentence.

  • It comes first.

  • 'Am' is called a verb.

  • It comes next.

  • And her name Sarah Taylor is called the object.

  • It comes after the verb.

  • Many sentences have this pattern.

  • Let's look at another one.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Can you work out what is the subject,

  • ... the verb,

  • ... and the object of the sentence?

  • That's right.

  • The word 'this' is the subject.

  • 'Is' is the verb.

  • And 'my husband' is the object.

  • And this is Michelle Crowden

  • Hello Michelle. How are you today?

  • Hello Brenton. I'm good. Thanks.

  • How are you?

  • I'm very well.

  • Now, what have we got there?

  • I have some hats.

  • What are you doing with the hats?

  • I'll show you.

  • But first let's look at the saying again.

  • Anne is collecting her luggage.

  • Oh, that's mine! The red one!

  • Anne said that her bag was the red one.

  • Red is a color.

  • I have four hats here.

  • Now which is the red one?

  • This is the red one.

  • Do you know the colors?

  • Which hat is yellow?

  • This is the yellow one.

  • Which hat is blue?

  • This is the blue one.

  • So which hat is green?

  • This is the green one.

  • Brenton.

  • Which hat do you like?

  • This one.

  • Brenton likes the blue hat.

  • What about you Michelle?

  • I think I see you in red?

  • Ha, ha, yes.

  • Michelle likes the red hat.

  • Which hat do you like?

  • The blue one?

  • The red one?

  • The yellow one?

  • Or the green one?

  • You say...

  • ... 'I like the...'

  • Which hat do I like?

  • That's right. I like the red hat.

  • Which hat does Brenton like?

  • He likes the blue hat.

  • So Brenton which hat is yours?

  • The blue one.

  • The blue hat is mine.

  • It's my hat.

  • The blue hat is yours.

  • It's your hat.

  • And which hat is mine?

  • The red hat is yours.

  • It's your hat.

  • The red hat is mine.

  • It's my hat.

  • So we've learnt four colors.

  • Red.

  • Blue.

  • Green.

  • And yellow.

  • And we've learnt 'your' and 'yours'...

  • ... and 'my' and 'mine'.

  • But there's something else to look at in the saying.

  • Hear at our clips.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Oh, that's mine! The red one!

  • Sarah uses the word 'this' when she introduces Mark.

  • She said 'This is my husband'.

  • But when Anne points out to her bag...

  • ... she uses the word 'that'.

  • She says 'That's mine'.

  • What's the difference?

  • Look again and see if you can tell.

  • I'm sorry. This is my husband, Mark.

  • Oh, that's mine! The red one!

  • What's the difference Brenton?

  • When Sarah says 'This is my husband'...

  • ... she is standing right next to him.

  • But when Anne point to her bag...

  • ... it's not next to her.

  • So Brenton, is that your hat?

  • This one.

  • Yes, it is.

  • Is that his hat?

  • No, it isn't.

  • This is your hat Brenton.

  • Thank you. Thank you.

  • And is that your hat Michelle?

  • Yes, this is my hat.

  • Remember in the clip.

  • Anne's red bag was heavy.

  • Is your hat heavy?

  • No Brenton, it's light.

  • This is heavy.

  • Yes, it's heavy.

  • Answer the questions at home.

  • Is it light?

  • No, it's heavy.

  • Is this heavy?

  • No, it's light.

  • And are you strong Brenton?

  • What do you think?

  • Is he strong?

  • Yes, he is I suppose.

  • And is Mark strong?

  • Let's look and listen to something else Mark says.

  • Don't worry. Mark's strong, aren't you dear?

  • No worries.

  • So is Mark strong?

  • I'm not so sure.

  • But Mark said something else.

  • Listen again.

  • No worries.

  • Mark said 'No worries'.

  • This is an Australian way of saying 'okay'.

  • And finally let's look at some different way of saying 'hello'.

  • Remember what Mark said when he greeted Anne.

  • He said 'Good morning'.

  • He said 'Good morning'.

  • Because it was in the morning.

  • Before twelve o'clock.

  • What would he say after twelve o'clock?

  • He could say 'Good afternoon'.

  • Try saying it after me.

  • Good afternoon.

  • And if it was in the evening he could say 'Good evening'.

  • Try saying it after me.

  • Good evening.

  • But he probably wouldn't say 'Good night'.

  • We usually only say 'Good night' when we're leaving or going to bed.

  • And I think it's time for us to leave now Brenton.

  • No worries Michelle.

  • Have you enjoyed episode one of 'Sisters and Brothers'?

  • [...] program of Living English.

  • And I hope you can watch a next program.

  • You'll find out how to check in the hotel...