字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Human Rights Watch has reported that the Egyptian government used unwarranted police force during a 2013 protest that caused an estimated 900 deaths. The question is: what has happened in Egypt since the Arab Spring, and has the country improved since then? First, we should give a quick run down of Egypt’s recent history. As a result of a huge uprising in 2011, President Hosni Mubarak and his oppressive regime were forced to resign. This was after being in power for nearly 30 years. Then in 2012, Mohamed Morsi, with the support of the political group called the Muslim Brotherhood, was elected. However, he was deposed in a 2013 coup d’etat and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the current President, took his place in 2014. This was at first welcomed, because many people blamed Morsi for the shrinking economy and shortages of electricity and fuel. But since Morsi’s ousting in 2013, violence and oppression has become increasingly common in Egypt, which is what the human rights groups are currently protesting. The opinion is that President Sisi has appointed those who are close to him to office, while cracking down on his non-supporters, especially the Muslim Brotherhood. They have also been cracking down on freedom of speech and jailing opponents. The Egyptian government notably jailed three Al-Jazeera reporters in 2013. And in 2014, more than 500 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood were sentenced to death on charges of murdering a high-ranking policeman. In addition to all of this, the Egyptian economy has also been poor since the revolution. There are some signs of potential recovery now, but in January, Egypt’s currency hit a historic low against the US dollar. Tourism, which generates a significant amount of Egypt’s GDP, has fallen, on average, since 2011, and the US Bureau of Consular Affairs recommends that American citizens avoid urban areas after dark. Terrorists in Egypt have also remained a significant concern to the public and the government. According to the Congressional Research Service, the Sinai Peninsula is home to a mix of terrorist cells including radical Bedouin Arabs, foreign fighters and Palestinian militants, which target both Egypt and Israel. The most powerful of these groups is called Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, which swore allegiance to ISIS in November of 2014. Needless to say, things in Egypt are bad and may not change anytime soon. The US is still sending military and economic aid to the country. And although the UN is giving the Egyptian government a sort of grace period to work on their democracy, that’s not going to last forever. Other countries in the region are facing very similar power struggles since the Arab Spring. To learn about the situation in Libya, Egypt’s next-door neighbor, check out this video now. And be sure to subscribe. We release new videos 6 days a week. Thanks for watching.