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  • Human Rights Watch has reported that the Egyptian government used unwarranted police

  • force during a 2013 protest that caused an estimated 900 deaths. The question is: what

  • has

  • happened in Egypt since the Arab Spring, and has the country improved since then?

  • First, we should give a quick run down of Egypt’s recent history. As a result of a

  • huge uprising in 2011, President Hosni Mubarak and his

  • oppressive regime were forced to resign. This was after being in power for nearly 30

  • years. Then in 2012, Mohamed Morsi, with the support

  • of the political group called the Muslim Brotherhood, was elected. However, he

  • was deposed in a 2013 coup d’etat and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the current President, took

  • his place in 2014. This was at

  • first welcomed, because many people blamed Morsi for the shrinking economy and

  • shortages of electricity and fuel.

  • But since Morsi’s ousting in 2013, violence and oppression has become increasingly

  • common in Egypt, which is what the human rights groups are currently protesting. The

  • opinion is that President Sisi has appointed those who are close to him to office, while

  • cracking down on his non-supporters, especially the Muslim Brotherhood.

  • They have also been cracking down on freedom of speech and jailing opponents.

  • The Egyptian government notably jailed three Al-Jazeera reporters in 2013. And in

  • 2014, more than 500 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood were sentenced to death on

  • charges of murdering a high-ranking policeman.

  • In addition to all of this, the Egyptian economy has also been poor since the

  • revolution. There are some signs of potential recovery now, but in January, Egypt’s

  • currency hit a historic low against the US dollar. Tourism, which generates a significant

  • amount of Egypt’s GDP, has fallen, on average, since 2011, and the US Bureau of

  • Consular Affairs recommends that American citizens avoid urban areas after dark.

  • Terrorists in Egypt have also remained a significant concern to the public and the

  • government. According to the Congressional Research Service, the Sinai

  • Peninsula is home to a mix of terrorist cells including radical Bedouin

  • Arabs, foreign fighters and Palestinian militants, which target both Egypt and Israel. The

  • most powerful of these groups is called Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, which swore allegiance to

  • ISIS in November of 2014.

  • Needless to say, things in Egypt are bad and may not change anytime soon. The US

  • is still sending military and economic aid to the country. And although the UN is giving

  • the Egyptian government a sort of grace period to work on their democracy, that’s not

  • going to last forever.

  • Other countries in the region are facing very similar power struggles since the Arab

  • Spring. To learn about the situation in Libya, Egypt’s next-door neighbor, check out this

  • video now. And be sure to subscribe. We release new videos 6 days a

  • week. Thanks for watching.

Human Rights Watch has reported that the Egyptian government used unwarranted police


B1 中級

アラブの春はエジプトにとってダメだった?  (Was The Arab Spring Bad For Egypt?)

  • 551 7
    Andy   に公開 2015 年 07 月 04 日