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  • You teach a course where you normally lecture to students during class time.

  • They work on homework and group assignments during their own time.

  • What if there were a way to do the lectures outside of class time

  • so you could use class time to have students work on activities together?

  • Welcome to Flipping the Classroom Simply Speaking.

  • It's a pretty common course design.

  • Students gather in a classroom a few times a week to hear a lecture.

  • A faculty member may show slides, play a few videos,

  • demonstrate some concepts, or solve problems.

  • On their own time, students work on problems and arrange times to meet

  • to work on group projects.

  • Some faculty are finding ways to increase student engagement

  • and improve learning by flipping this design.

  • In the new model, students watch, listen to, and interact with content

  • on their own time and then use class time for engaging activities.

  • Heres how it works.

  • Say youre teaching a biology course.

  • One week, you talk about invasive animal species, such as the Asian Carp.

  • Instead of lecturing, you post a few YouTube videos about Asian Carp.

  • You also produce a video of your own in which you show some photographs

  • of other invasive species and talk about their origins.

  • You want to keep each video interesting,

  • so you keep them under 10 minutes each.

  • To help trigger discussion, you also include some questions

  • that you will be asking students to think and talk about

  • during your next class session.

  • Later in the semester, students can go back to these videos

  • to review key concepts to prepare for an exam

  • or to guide a project or paper.

  • Short videos are just one option.

  • Audio podcasts, VoiceThread, and and many types of interactive media

  • can be used as well.

  • The main idea is to capture your presence, thoughts, and guidance

  • that would normally take place in a classroom setting.

  • Now that the lecture is done outside the classroom,

  • what do your students do when they get together?

  • You can have students bring their laptops to class, work in groups,

  • and research one of the other invasive species that you discussed

  • in your video.

  • Where did they come from?

  • What impact are they having?

  • What is being done to control them?

  • Since they are doing this research during class time,

  • they can get your assistance in determining good sources of information

  • and how to interpret what they are seeing.

  • Also, youll get a better idea of which students are doing their fair share

  • of work in their groups.

  • There won't be any more excuses that students dont have time

  • to get together for group work.

  • If an interesting idea comes from one group,

  • you can get the attention of the class and have a spontaneous discussion.

  • In short, you can create a much more active environment.

  • There are many other activities you can do in the classroom.

  • Have students discuss course concepts or take different sides

  • of an issue and debate their merits.

  • Students could share drafts of papers that they are writing

  • and get feedback from you and other students.

  • Students can work on difficult problem sets, share solutions,

  • and ask for help when they get stuck.

  • Organize students into groups and have them answer questions about a case study.

  • Or they could write and practice a presentation about a topic of your choosing.

  • There are ways of using class time for activities involving any discipline.

  • The important thing is to get students to engage with the content of your course.

  • Flipping your classroom involves some serious thinking

  • about the way you are teaching and the way students learn,

  • so you may want to start with a single topic or week and see how it goes.

  • The results may surprise you.

  • This has been Flipping the Classroom Simply Speaking.

  • To get more information about this topic, visit tlt.its.psu.edu/flip

  • This video was produced by Penn State University

  • and is available for use under a Creative Commons license.

You teach a course where you normally lecture to students during class time.

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教室を反転させる-簡単に言えば (Flipping the Classroom - Simply Speaking)

  • 67 4
    Peter Yang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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