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  • Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on advice verbs.

  • In this lesson, we will be looking at how to give a bit more formal advice. Now, if

  • you're familiar with the verb, "should", you know that we use "should" for advice. Like:

  • "You shouldn't drink and drive." for example. Or: "You should exercise regularly." Today,

  • we're not looking at "should", we're looking at other advice verbs. And we're going to

  • look at some correct structures when using these advice verbs. And I'm going to specifically

  • focus on one very common mistake that I hear with a couple of these advice verbs.

  • So, imagine this problem: I need a better job. Right? I need a better job. This is your

  • problem or your friend's problem. Hmm, what kind of advice can you give for this?

  • Well, you should, you know, update your resume. Now, let's look at some other verbs that we

  • should use instead of "should". You can say: "I recommend", "I suggest", "I propose", "I

  • advise", "I urge". "Urge" means that something is urgent and I'm pushing you to do it. Or:

  • "I encourage", okay?

  • Now, let's look at what can follow these specific advice verbs. The first three here: "recommend",

  • "suggest", "propose", they can all be followed with these four structures here. So you can

  • say: "I recommend updating your resume." So you can use a verb + "ing". Recommend doing

  • something, suggest doing something, propose doing something. You can also use a possessive,

  • like: "Your doing something", so you can do... This is known as a possessive gerund and you

  • can use this to give advice as well, if it's a little more formal though.

  • So you can say, again: "I recommend your updating your resume.", "I suggest your updating your

  • resume.", "I propose your updating your resume." And the other two structures you can use are:

  • "I recommend", "I suggest", "I propose that you", so you have the pronoun in between the

  • object, "that you update your resume". Or without that, the same thing: "I recommend",

  • "suggest", "propose you update". So these two structures are known as the subjunctive.

  • Right? So you can use the subjunctive with these three verbs. And actually, you can also

  • use the subjunctive with these three verbs.

  • So the most common mistake that I hear and that I would like to correct today is a lot

  • of students, when they use: "I suggest" and "I recommend", specifically those two verbs:

  • "recommend" and "suggest", I always hear: "I recommend you to do something." Or: "I

  • suggest you to do something." This is actually incorrect. The only four structures that you

  • should be saying when giving advice with: "recommend", "suggest" would be one of these

  • four. So: "I recommend doing", "I recommend your doing", "I recommend that you do", or:

  • "I recommend you do." Okay.

  • So you may be wondering: "Well, why did you write, you know, 'you to update'?" There is

  • a category of advice verbs that do use this structure, but it's not "recommend", it's

  • not "suggest", it's not "propose". It's, for example, these three verbs here: "I advise

  • you to do something.", "I advise you to update your resume.", "I urge you to update your

  • resume.", "I encourage you to update your resume."

  • Now, if you're wondering... Let me put a star beside this, "advise", "urge", "encourage".

  • Okay? So these three can use this structure, you can use: "I advise", "urge", "encourage"

  • the person + the infinitive. So you can do this infinitive form. "To" + the base verb.

  • You can do this with these three verbs, but you can't do it with: "recommend", "suggest",

  • or "propose".

  • Now, one more thing, you may be wondering: "Wait, with 'advise', 'urge', 'encourage',

  • can I only do this?" No. You can say: "I advise", "I urge", "I encourage updating", "your updating",

  • "that you update", "you update", "you to update". So these ones are actually more flexible because

  • you can use all of these constructions. However, with the verb: "suggest", "recommend", "propose",

  • only use these top four constructions. Okay?

  • That's it, guys. If you'd like to test your understanding of these advice verbs, as always,

  • you can check out the quiz on And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube

  • channel. Good luck, and I'll see you guys next time.

Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on advice verbs.


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A2 初級

英語でアドバイスをする方法 - recommend, suggest, advise, encourage... (How to Give Advice in English - recommend, suggest, advise, encourage...)

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    Sam に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日