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  • Hundreds of vessels move in and out of ports,

  • bays and waterways around Australia each day

  • like a symphony.

  • The code that makes this aquatic orchestra

  • work so seamlessly is the understanding of marine radio.

  • Whether a sea kayak, runabout, ferry or cruise liner,

  • it's only when everyone understands

  • and uses the right channels and protocols

  • that it can all work together.

  • Welcome to ACMA TV, and today we're going to visit

  • some of Sydney's best boating locations

  • to hear from the experts about marine radio.

  • Even the best prepared boaters can run into problems

  • and that's why it's important to not only have

  • but know how to use your VHF radio.

  • That's exactly right. Now, there are two main types of marine radio

  • for non-commercial vessels. They are marine VHF and 27meg.

  • VHF is now the predominant form of communication on the water

  • because the networks of base and repeater stations

  • available around Australia.

  • VHF radios have much better coverage, range,

  • not to mention less interference than the older 27meg radios.

  • In every state in Australia

  • there are dedicated teams of marine rescue workers

  • from volunteers to police.

  • These teams work around the clock

  • to ensure the safety of recreational boat owners

  • and commercial vessels.

  • We are here at one of Australia's oldest

  • and most iconic signaling stations, South Head, in Sydney.

  • So Greg, how important is it to use VHF radio

  • when we're out on the water?

  • It's very important to use VHF radio when you're out on the water.

  • It's for your safety.

  • You should do a radio check before you go out.

  • You should listen for weather and warnings.

  • Priority warnings are broadcast immediately,

  • routine forecasts generally every two hours for marine rescue.

  • You should listen in case there's a call for help on VHF 16,

  • and if you get into trouble call for help on VHF channel 16.

  • Earlier this year while on a typical fishing expedition,

  • Peter was called out when a strong southerly wind picked up.

  • Knowing this part of the harbor well

  • Peter decided it was best to find a more sheltered spot to fish

  • until the wind died down.

  • When Peter's normally trusty engine suddenly stopped,

  • he found himself drifting steadily toward the rocks.

  • Peter decides to call for immediate assistance

  • on VHF radio emergency channel 16.

  • Mayday, mayday, mayday.

  • This is Pete's Boat, Pete's Boat, Pete's Boat.

  • Mayday, Pete's Boat.

  • Inside North Head at Old Man's Hat

  • about 100 metres from the rocks.

  • Strong wind blowing me towards the rocks.

  • Engine has died and won't start.

  • Two persons on board. Five meter silver runabout.

  • I need immediate help, over.

  • At South Head one operator takes down all the details

  • while the other places a call to the water police

  • and the nearest rescue boat. Marine Rescue radios back to Peter.

  • Mayday Pete's Boat, Pete's Boat, Pete's Boat.

  • This is Marine Rescue Port Jackson,

  • Marine Rescue Port Jackson, Marine Rescue Port Jackson,

  • received mayday. Confirming your position

  • at Old Man's Hat, 100 metres from the rocks

  • and two people on board.

  • Please make sure you have the life jackets on

  • and put out your anchor. Rescue vessels are nearby

  • and will be there as soon as possible.

  • Stay on this channel, over.

  • Peter replies, still on the emergency channel 16.

  • Mayday, Marine Rescue this is Pete's Boat, Pete's Boat.

  • Position and persons on board correct, I will put out the anchor, over.

  • Marine Rescue Port Jackson,

  • having now spotted the distressed vessel through the binoculars

  • to confirm the position

  • puts out a call to all nearby vessels.

  • Mayday relay, mayday relay, mayday relay,

  • all ships near North Head, all ships near North Head,

  • this is Marine Rescue Port Jackson, Marine Rescue Port Jackson.

  • Mayday relay Pete's Boat, silver, five metre runabout

  • is being blown toward the rocks at Old Man's Hat.

  • Position south 33 degrees, 49.3, east 151 degrees, 15.4.

  • Two people on board.

  • Any vessel able to assist please call marine rescue Port Jackson

  • on this channel and advise your position

  • and the assistance available, over.

  • Meanwhile the Water Police and a Marine Rescue vessel

  • have been dispatched at high speed.

  • Pete's boat, this is Marine Rescue Middle Harbour 3-0.

  • We have received your mayday

  • and are proceeding to your location at all haste, out.

  • So Greg, in short what is correct operational procedure

  • when it comes to making an emergency call?

  • The correct procedure for making an emergency call

  • is to change to channel 16, call mayday, mayday, mayday,

  • and the name of your vessel three times,

  • give your position, describe the problem,

  • how many people on board, describe the vessel,

  • local conditions and what you're planning to do.

  • Leave your radio switched on and tuned to channel 16.

  • This is so you can hear and respond to any distress calls.

  • Always call on channel 16, then switch to a working channel.

  • Use channel 72, 73 or 77 to call and work with other vessels.

  • Use channel 73 to call and work with a coast station,

  • and when finished, resume listening on channel 16.

  • Remember your manners and no swearing.

  • Be accurate, brief and clear.

  • Greg why is it important to have good microphone technique?

  • It is important to have good microphone technique

  • to convey your message clearly.

  • Put your thumb on your cheek and speak across the microphone

  • with a steady rhythm to avoid any distortion.

  • Now, what are the things you know to think about

  • with your marine radio,

  • things you can check before you go out to sea?

  • Okay, the three main things that you want to check

  • before you head out to sea.

  • The first one will be the radio unit itself and the handset.

  • So obviously you want to make sure it turns on,

  • all your channels are lighting up so you can highlight your channels.

  • You also want to make sure,

  • a lot of boats are exposed to salt spray, things like that

  • when they're out so they can corrode,

  • they can get a little salt buildup, things like that,

  • so you want to make sure when you're finished for the day

  • you clean it off so next time it will be free of corrosion.

  • Second one is your aerial. You want to make sure

  • that it's actually attached to your boat.

  • People take them off for storage, put them in garages,

  • things like that, so make sure your aerial is on,

  • it's attached, it's elevated, free of any obstruction.

  • And the other thing about aerials,

  • they can become flaky from UV, sun effects,

  • things like that, salt,

  • so you want to make sure it's not flaky or crumbly,

  • it's in good condition. And lastly your battery.

  • You want to make sure that it's fully charged

  • because obviously the radio is not going to work

  • without a charged battery.

  • Some people like to have a separate battery bank

  • purely for their radios as an extra safety consideration.

  • They believe that if everything else fails,

  • your electronics, that's fine.

  • You've got the extra battery there purely for your radio

  • for that emergency situation if it arises.

  • Thanks for watching ACMA TV.

  • Now remember next time you're on the water,

  • use your marine radio to log on with local rescue services.

  • And jump on the ACMA website for your copy of the VHF handbook.

Hundreds of vessels move in and out of ports,

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B1 中級

VHF Marine Radio - How to use it

  • 2337 4
    Kungan Lee   に公開 2015 年 01 月 24 日
重要英単語

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