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  • (Laughter)

  • I was afraid of womanhood.

  • Not that I'm not afraid now,

  • but I've learned to pretend.

  • I've learned to be flexible.

  • In fact, I've developed some interesting tools

  • to help me deal with this fear.

  • Let me explain.

  • Back in the '50s and '60s, when I was growing up,

  • little girls were supposed to be kind and thoughtful

  • and pretty and gentle and soft,

  • and we were supposed to fit into roles

  • that were sort of shadowy --

  • really not quite clear what we were supposed to be.

  • (Laughter)

  • There were plenty of role models all around us.

  • We had our mothers, our aunts, our cousins, our sisters,

  • and of course, the ever-present media

  • bombarding us with images and words,

  • telling us how to be.

  • Now my mother was different.

  • She was a homemaker,

  • but she and I didn't go out and do girlie things together,

  • and she didn't buy me pink outfits.

  • Instead, she knew what I needed, and she bought me a book of cartoons.

  • And I just ate it up.

  • I drew, and I drew,

  • and since I knew that humor was acceptable in my family,

  • I could draw, do what I wanted to do,

  • and not have to perform, not have to speak --

  • I was very shy --

  • and I could still get approval.

  • I was launched as a cartoonist.

  • Now when we're young,

  • we don't always know. We know there are rules out there,

  • but we don't always know --

  • we don't perform them right,

  • even though we are imprinted at birth

  • with these things,

  • and we're told

  • what the most important color in the world is.

  • We're told what shape we're supposed to be in.

  • (Laughter)

  • We're told what to wear --

  • (Laughter)

  • -- and how to do our hair --

  • (Laughter)

  • -- and how to behave.

  • Now the rules that I'm talking about

  • are constantly being monitored by the culture.

  • We're being corrected,

  • and the primary policemen are women,

  • because we are the carriers of the tradition.

  • We pass it down from generation to generation.

  • Not only that --

  • we always have this vague notion

  • that something's expected of us.

  • And on top of all off these rules,

  • they keep changing.

  • (Laughter)

  • We don't know what's going on half the time,

  • so it puts us in a very tenuous position.

  • (Laughter)

  • Now if you don't like these rules,

  • and many of us don't --

  • I know I didn't, and I still don't,

  • even though I follow them half the time,

  • not quite aware that I'm following them --

  • what better way than to change them [than] with humor?

  • Humor relies on the traditions of a society.

  • It takes what we know, and it twists it.

  • It takes the codes of behavior and the codes of dress,

  • and it makes it unexpected,

  • and that's what elicits a laugh.

  • Now what if you put together women and humor?

  • I think you can get change.

  • Because women are on the ground floor,

  • and we know the traditions so well,

  • we can bring a different voice to the table.

  • Now I started drawing

  • in the middle of a lot of chaos.

  • I grew up not far from here in Washington D.C.

  • during the Civil Rights movement, the assassinations,

  • the Watergate hearings and then the feminist movement,

  • and I think I was drawing,

  • trying to figure out what was going on.

  • And then also my family was in chaos,

  • and I drew to try to bring my family together --

  • (Laughter)

  • -- try to bring my family together with laughter.

  • It didn't work.

  • My parents got divorced, and my sister was arrested.

  • But I found my place.

  • I found that I didn't have to wear high heels,

  • I didn't have to wear pink,

  • and I could feel like I fit in.

  • Now when I was a little older, in my 20s,

  • I realized there are not many women in cartooning.

  • And I thought, "Well, maybe I can break

  • the little glass ceiling of cartooning,"

  • and so I did. I became a cartoonist.

  • And then I thought -- in my 40s I started thinking,

  • "Well, why don't I do something?

  • I always loved political cartoons,

  • so why don't I do something with the content of my cartoons

  • to make people think about the stupid rules that we're following

  • as well as laugh?"

  • Now my perspective

  • is a particularly --

  • (Laughter)

  • -- my perspective is a particularly American perspective.

  • I can't help it. I live here.

  • Even though I've traveled a lot,

  • I still think like an American woman.

  • But I believe that the rules that I'm talking about

  • are universal, of course --

  • that each culture has its different codes of behavior

  • and dress and traditions,

  • and each woman has to deal with these same things

  • that we do here in the U.S.

  • Consequently, we have.

  • Women, because we're on the ground, we know the tradition.

  • We have amazing antennae.

  • Now my work lately

  • has been to collaborate with international cartoonists,

  • which I so enjoy,

  • and it's given me a greater appreciation

  • for the power of cartoons

  • to get at the truth,

  • to get at the issues quickly and succinctly.

  • And not only that, it can get to the viewer

  • through not only the intellect, but through the heart.

  • My work also has allowed me to collaborate

  • with women cartoonists from across the world --

  • countries such as Saudi Arabia,

  • Iran, Turkey,

  • Argentina, France --

  • and we have sat together and laughed

  • and talked and shared our difficulties.

  • And these women are working so hard to get their voices heard

  • in some very difficult circumstances.

  • But I feel blessed to be able to work with them.

  • And we talk about

  • how women have such strong perceptions,

  • because of our tenuous position

  • and our role as tradition-keepers,

  • that we can have the great potential

  • to be change-agents.

  • And I think, I truly believe,

  • that we can change this thing

  • one laugh at a time.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

(Laughter)

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TED】ライザ・ドネリー変化のためのユーモアを引き出す (【TED】Liza Donnelly: Drawing upon humor for change)

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    許瓊文 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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