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  • FEMALE SPEAKER: Ladies and gentlemen,

  • please welcome Senior Vice President, Android, Chrome,

  • and Apps, Sundar Pichai.

  • SUNDAR PICHAI: Thank you everyone.

  • It's great to see all of you.

  • Welcome to Google I/O. Every year,

  • we look forward to this date.

  • We've been hard at work since last I/O evolving our platforms

  • so that developers like you can build amazing experiences.

  • So thank you for joining us in person.

  • I/O is a pretty global event.

  • We have viewing parties in over 597 locations

  • in 85 countries in six continents,

  • and there are over one million people

  • watching this on the live stream today.

  • Let's say hello to a few locations.

  • London.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • Hello, London.

  • Let's say hello to Brazil.

  • Everyone is talking about Brazil today.

  • If it weren't for I/O, I would be there for the World Cup.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • I'm tempted to shout, "Goal."

  • Finally, let's go to Nigeria.

  • We're thrilled to have an all-female developer group

  • in Nigeria, and--

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • We're working hard to elevate women in computer science,

  • so look forward to seeing what they develop one day.

  • In fact, at I/O this year, we are very excited.

  • There is over 20% female participation,

  • which is up from 8% last year.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • And even more excited, we are joined

  • over 1,000 women in this room today, so thank you.

  • Of course, I/O is when we talk about our two large computing

  • platforms, open platforms, Android and Chrome, which

  • are built from the ground up for developers like you.

  • Today, we're going to give you an update

  • on the momentum we are seeing in mobile.

  • We are living in amazing times, so we

  • want to talk about the mobile momentum we see

  • and how we are evolving our platforms to support

  • that momentum.

  • And more importantly, we are beginning to think and evolve

  • our platforms beyond mobile.

  • You will hear about that from us today.

  • And finally, we want to talk to you

  • as developers as to how you can achieve success

  • on top of our platforms, including an update on Google

  • Cloud Platform and Google Play.

  • So let's get started.

  • If you look at global smartphone shipments,

  • the numbers are stunning.

  • The industry shipped over 300 million phones last quarter,

  • so they are on track to ship well

  • over a billion phones each year.

  • So how is Android doing in the face of this momentum?

  • In the past, we've talked about cumulative activations

  • of Android.

  • We're switching and focusing on 30-day active users,

  • users who are currently using their Android devices globally.

  • And you can see the number has been doubling every year.

  • We've gone from 220 million to over 530 million

  • as of last year's I/O. We are very excited.

  • As of this year's I/O, we are over one billion

  • 30-day active users.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • The robot is pretty happy as well.

  • So let's internalize what one billion users actually mean.

  • Android users, on a given day, send

  • over 20 billion text messages each and every day.

  • More importantly, perhaps, they take around 93 million selfies

  • every day.

  • The team tells me about 31 million

  • of these are duck faces.

  • We estimate Android users take around

  • 1.5 trillion steps per day, and they pull out their phones

  • and check it over 100 billion times each day.

  • Important use cases which we are working on addressing,

  • and you'll hear about it later today.

  • Developers are building profound experiences

  • on top of smartphones.

  • Stories we hear every day.

  • Few examples.

  • In Kenya, 40% of Kenya's GDP flows through M-Pesa,

  • giving unbanked people access to financial transactions

  • throughout the country.

  • Netra G. A company uses a smartphone and just

  • off the shelf accessories to measure your eye prescription,

  • and they are as accurate as $50,000 equipment

  • you find in optometrists' offices,

  • providing very, very affordable care too many people.

  • And finally, University of Michigan,

  • they are using for their patients,

  • they monitor subtle changes in voice quality

  • using their smartphone to detect early signs of bipolar

  • disorder.

  • So the kind of experiences we are

  • seeing on top of these phones are amazing.

  • So far, I've been talking about phones.

  • Let's shift to tablets.

  • We are seeing amazing growth in Android tablets as well.

  • There is tremendous adoption of these devices,

  • and if you look at how we are doing vis a vis the overall

  • market, Android tablets accounted

  • for 39% of all shipments two years ago.

  • That number increased to 46% as of last year's

  • I/O. As of this year's I/O, Android tablets

  • account for 62% of the overall market.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • We don't include other variants of Android like Kindle.

  • If you add that, it would go up a few percentage points.

  • These are shipment numbers.

  • Again, we care about usage, so we

  • view these as leading indicators of where usage would be.

  • If you take a look at tablet usage,

  • we're going to use YouTube as a proxy to understand usage.

  • A year ago, the total tablet viewership of YouTube, 28%

  • was from Android.

  • That number has gone up again to 42%.

  • So we are seeing usage track shipments,

  • and we are very excited people are

  • adopting these devices as well.

  • Another metric of engagement is app installs.

  • App installs just this year alone on tablet

  • is up by over 200%, so people are really

  • engaging with these devices.

  • So we are very excited we have a billion uses,

  • but we talked about this at last year's

  • I/O. Our goal is to reach the next five

  • billion people in the world.

  • If you look at a map of the world today, all the regions

  • in blue, emerging markets, the majority of users,

  • don't have a smartphone.

  • When I go back home to India and other countries like that--

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • Thank you.

  • It is exciting to see the impact phones have on people's lives,

  • but it's disappointing that less than 10% of the population

  • have access to smartphones.

  • We want to change that.

  • So we've been working hard with our ecosystem

  • on a very important initiative which we call Android One.

  • So let me talk to you about Android One.

  • What we are doing for the first time,

  • if you look at all the OEMs in these countries, each of them

  • has to reinvent the wheel, and in a fast-paced mobile

  • industry, they have to build a new smartphone

  • within nine months.

  • So we want to pool resources and help everyone,

  • so we are working on a set of hardware reference platforms.

  • We identify the components which go into a next generation

  • smartphone.

  • These are high quality, affordable smartphones.

  • We qualify vendors so that we provide

  • a turnkey solution for OEMs to more easily build a smartphone.

  • In addition to hardware, we are working on software as well.

  • So the software on Android One is the same software

  • you see running on stock Android, Nexus

  • phones, and Google Play edition phones.

  • In addition, through Play, we allow OEMs and carriers

  • to add locally relevant applications

  • on the device which users have full control over.

  • And finally, we provide full automatic updates.

  • All the software in Android One comes from Google,

  • so we will keep them updated just like we

  • do with Nexus and Google Play edition phones.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • Let's take a look at one example device which we are working on.

  • So this is a device with Micro Max.

  • You can see there's a 4.5 inch screen.

  • It has features which matter to a country like India-- dual

  • SIM, removable SD cards, and FM radio.

  • I'm used to cutting edge phones, and I've

  • been using this phone for awhile, and it is really good,

  • and it costs less than $100.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • We are working with many partners.

  • We are going to be launching this around the world,

  • but we started this journey in India,

  • and we are launching this with three OEMs in India

  • in the fall of this year, Micro Max, Carbon, and Spice.

  • We are also working with carriers in these markets

  • to provide affordable connectivity packages

  • with these devices.

  • What we are excited is this is a leverage turnkey solution

  • so that at scale, we can bring high quality,

  • affordable smartphones so that we can get the next billion

  • people access to these devices, and we

  • can't wait to see the impact that it will have.

  • So we've talked about the momentum in mobile.

  • The next thing we want to talk to you

  • is about how we are evolving our platforms, Android and Chrome.

  • And today, for the first time since we

  • launched Android with the open SDK,

  • we're going to give you a preview of the upcoming L

  • release.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • You will be able to download this later on your development

  • devices.

  • We've been working very hard.

  • This is one of the most comprehensive releases

  • we have done.

  • It has over 5,000 new APIs, and we are thinking about L release

  • not just for mobile, but for form factors beyond mobile.

  • One of the things, as we thought about L,

  • we wanted to take a radical, new approach to design.

  • User experiences are evolving rapidly,

  • and we wanted to rethink the user design

  • experience in Android to have a fresh, bold, and new look.

  • To talk about the design for L, let me invite Matias Duarte.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • MATIAS DUARTE: Thank you, Sundar.

  • Design is essential in today's world.

  • It defines your experiences and your emotions.

  • So we challenged ourselves to create a design that was not

  • just for Android phones and tablets.

  • We worked together-- Android, Chrome, and across all

  • of Google-- to craft one consistent vision

  • for mobile, desktop, and beyond.

  • We wanted a design that was clear and simple,

  • and that people would intuitively understand.

  • So we imagined, what if pixels didn't just

  • have color, but also depth?

  • What if there was an intelligent material that

  • was as simple as paper but could transform and change

  • shape in response to touch?

  • And this led us to a way of thinking

  • that we call material design.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • We drew inspiration from paper and ink.

  • However, unlike real paper, our digital material

  • can expand, reform, and reshape intelligently.

  • The material has physical surfaces and edges

  • because the human mind is wired at its most primitive level

  • to instinctively understand objects

  • and their relationships.

  • Those scenes and shadows provide meaning

  • about what you can touch and how it will move.

  • In the real world, every small change in position and depth

  • creates subtle but important changes

  • in lighting and shadows.

  • So as part of the L preview, we'll now allow app developers

  • to specify an elevation value for any UI surface,

  • and the framework will render it in correct perspective

  • with virtual light sources and real time shadows.

  • [APPLAUSE]

  • Material design is beautiful and bold

  • because clean, typographical layouts

  • are simple and easy to understand.

  • Your content is the focus.

  • So the L preview will allow app developers

  • to easily colorize all framework elements in your app

  • to match the theme to your brand.

  • And we're previewing a new support library

  • that we call Palette to easily extract colors from images

  • and really put those vivid pictures front and center.

  • We're giving designers familiar tools like baseline grids

  • that work across screens.