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  • Hello everyone, and welcome back to English  with Lucy. Today, I'm going to help you out  

  • with some doubts. We are going to talk about five  pairs or trios of very confusing English words,  

  • pairs of words that native speakers  struggle with too. Words like especially  

  • and specially, why are they so similar? Accept  and except. Assure, ensure, insure, inquire,  

  • enquire. Which ones do we use? I'm going to tell  you. Before we get started, I would just like to  

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  • Right, let's get started with the confusing  words. And to make this even easier for you,  

  • I have created a PDF worksheet. We've got  all of the words, their pronunciation,  

  • all of the information from the video, plus some  additional activities as well. Do bear in mind,  

  • this is a two-part video. You can also find  the second part in the description box. But  

  • the order doesn't matter. So the first one  we have, especially and specially. Especially  

  • means more with one person or thing than with  others, or more in particular circumstances  

  • than others. In my opinion, it's quite a hard  word to define. It's easier if you see it  

  • used in a sentence. For example, I love Sevilleespecially in the spring. So I love Seville in  

  • general, but I love it even more in the springOr, baby animals are cute, especially puppies.  

  • So I think all baby animals are cute, but  I really think that puppies are so cute,  

  • maybe that little bit more cute, that  little bit cuter. Now, specially means  

  • for a particular purpose or a particular personAn example, I made this cake specially for you.  

  • Now, here's the complicated bit. In British  English, we tend to use the two interchangeably.  

  • It can be really hard to hear the difference when  people speak. Specially tends to be less formal.  

  • And I think that part of the reason for this is  because it sounds like you are lazily dropping  

  • a syllable. I made this cake specially for youIt almost sounds like someone's trying to say,  

  • especially for you, but they're droppingsyllable. And actually, I would be inclined  

  • to say, I made this especially for you. And  that is something that you will hear a lot  

  • in British English. I made this cake especially  for you. I made this cake specially for you.  

  • So in general, in American English, they  differentiate between these words more. And  

  • in British English, we just use especially  in formal situations and specially in less  

  • formal situations. But really, it does depend on  the person and what they have grown up hearing.  

  • Number two, we have loose and lose. So there's  a big pronunciation difference here. Well,  

  • I say big. It's very subtle, but it is quite  important. Loose with the s at the end, and lose  

  • with z at the end. But they are minimal pairsThey only differ in one sound, that final  

  • phoneme z, s. Loose is an adjective meaning  not tight or not securely fixed. For example,  

  • I need to go to the dentist because my tooth is  loosed. It's not securely fixed into my mouth.  

  • Or I lost weight and now my clothes are  loose. They're not tight. They are loose.  

  • Now, to lose is a verb, meaning to  not be able to find something, or  

  • to fail to keep something as well. Examples, go  to the dentist before you lose your loose tooth.  

  • Before you lose (verb), your loose (adjective),  tooth. Or she wants to lose weight to make her  

  • clothes loose. She wants to lose (verb) weight to  make her clothes loose (adjective). It is very,  

  • very common to see people misspelling  these words and using the wrong one,  

  • so don't beat yourself up about it. I knowsay this a lot, but seriously, it's just not  

  • the end of the world. We will understand what  you're trying to say. Number three, we have  

  • accept and except. So with a, accept, we  use the schwa, accept. And with e, except,  

  • we use an e sound, except. Now in general, in  British English and modern received pronunciation,  

  • you will hear people just using the schwa for  both, except, except, except, except. When you  

  • speak quickly, you often find yourself using the  most convenient or efficient way of pronouncing  

  • something. So the schwa gets used a lot. Now, I'm going to use a and e for emphasis so that  

  • you know, which word I am referring to. Accept  is a verb, but except is usually a preposition  

  • or conjunction. It is sometimes a verb and I will  touch on that later. But accept as in to accept  

  • is to agree or to receive something if offeredAn example, I will not accept your apology,  

  • or I hope they accept the proposed changesNow let's look at except with the E,  

  • except. It generally means apart from or  excluding or with the exception of. An example,  

  • I study every day except Sundays, or we look  exactly the same, except my hair is darker.  

  • A little memory tip, the EX, ex of except can  be used to remind you that it is excluding,  

  • ex excluding. Now to except as a verb  with an E is very, very formal and it is  

  • rarely used. It means to not include something  or someone, you will usually see it in written  

  • English and I'll explain why. Look at this  sentence. Tours are arranged all year round,  

  • January excepted. Okay. So it's quite confusingif that sentence is said in spoken English.  

  • January excepted, is January accepted as in  they agree to it? Or is it excepted as in it  

  • is not included? When you see it written down, you  can see it means that it is excluded. January is  

  • not included. You won't come across this verb  very frequently. It's just another example of  

  • English being a pain in the neck. That's an idiom  meaning really annoying for accepted and excepted  

  • to mean the opposite, but to sound the  same. Oh, it's just so annoying.  

  • We have number four and this is a trio. We have  assure, ensure and insure, okay. So the last two  

  • have the same pronunciation ensure, insure. So  let's look at the three to assure with an A, is to  

  • remove someone's doubts. I assure you that I will  arrive on time. Don't worry, don't have any doubts  

  • I will arrive on time. To ensure with E N is to  guarantee or to make sure that something happens.  

  • I need to study to ensure that I pass my examSo assure and ensure a very similar, assure with  

  • an A, to remove someone's doubts and ensure with  E N is to guarantee that something will happen.  

  • To insure with I N, is to cover someone or  something like a house with an insurance policy.  

  • An example, the insurance company won't protect  my house against flooding. Now frustratingly  

  • some policies, some insurance policies also have  assurance policies as well, which just makes it so  

  • confusing, but let's not worry about that. We  know the basic differences between the three.  

  • Finally, we have number five, which is inquire  and enquire. The same pronunciation again, they  

  • have very similar meanings. Well actually they  mean the same thing, but sometimes they're used  

  • in different situations. So they both mean to ask  someone for information. Now in American English,  

  • once again, they have made this easier for youThey tend to favour inquire with I N, so enquire,  

  • you won't hear it as frequently in general. I'm  having to make a lot of generalisations here.  

  • However, the UK British English, we just  liked to make everything that little  

  • more complicated. Traditionally, to enquire  as in E N to enquire simply meant to ask,  

  • but inquire, I'm just using, in and en for  emphasis so you know which word I'm referring to.  

  • Inquire was used for formal investigations. Sowould enquire at a tourist information desk to see  

  • where the best ice cream shop was, but the police  or a court would inquire about something.  

  • However, nowadays both are used interchangeablySo people are just using words without knowing  

  • exactly what they mean, which is fine. I imagine  eventually we will end up just favouring one.  

  • I wonder if it will be inquire or enquiretime will tell probably. Right. That's it for  

  • today's lesson. There is also a part two to this  lesson, which I posted a week before this one.  

  • In that video, we discuss either or neither  or either or neither, we talk about the  

  • pronunciation and which one you should use. We  discuss to bring and to take, advise and advice,  

  • practise and practise, and also effect and affectwith E and with A. It's a very interesting lesson,  

  • if I do say so myself, and don't forget, I've made  all of this easier for you. I have created a free  

  • PDF for you to download. It's got all of these  confusing words, the pronunciation information,  

  • the clarifications, the examplesand also some additional activities  

  • that I think you'll really like. If you'd like to download that PDF,  

  • all you've got to do is sign up to my mailing  list. The link is in the description box  

  • and the PDF will be sent straight to your inboxDon't forget to check out Lingoda. The link for  

  • the sprint is in the description box as wellAnd you can use my code "WIN7" for 10 euros off.  

  • Don't forget to connect with me on all  of my social media. I've got my Facebook,  

  • my Instagram, my mailing list. I've also got my  personal blogging channel where I upload lots  

  • of subtitled, always fully subtitled blogs. So  you can use them as listening practise, they're  

  • all about my life in the English countrysideAnd I have just released my first ever course.  

  • It is a British English pronunciation coursewhere I teach modern received pronunciation.  

  • That is my accent. If you are interested in  that, the link is also in the description box,  

  • as well as a little good surprise. I  will see you soon for another lesson.  

  • Mwah!

Hello everyone, and welcome back to English  with Lucy. Today, I'm going to help you out  

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    naomi に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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