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  • It's the Middle Ages and a man is sitting in a cell awaiting one of the worst punishments

  • the world has to offereven for those brutal times.

  • He has been sentenced to bewalled-upalive for the crime of breaking his monastic

  • vows.

  • He brokers a deal with those who want him dead.

  • If I can write a book in just one night…a book that contains all human knowledge and

  • outlines the majesty of our great God and our great monastery, can I forgo this terrible

  • punishment?”

  • His captors agree, knowing full well that such a task is impossible.

  • But the monk gets to work, scribbling frantically from morning until evening.

  • As the clock strikes midnight he knows he cannot finish this book of knowledge, and

  • so he praysnot to his God, but to the fallen angel Lucifer.

  • Help me finish this book,” cries the monk, “and you can take my soul.”

  • Lucifer, not one to pass up such a deal, agrees, and he finishes the behemoth of a book for

  • the man.

  • As a note of gratitude, the monk adds an illustration to the pages of the book, which is a sketch

  • of the devil himself.

  • That's the legend anywaywe'll get around to seeing just how true that could be.

  • Let's go back to the year 1648.

  • It's the last year of what's called theThirty Years War”, a war that involved

  • many European states and would claim millions of lives.

  • What was it over?

  • Well, religion for one, and of course power.

  • In July that year, the Swedish army had overcome the army defending the city of Prague, a city

  • located in modern day Czech Republic.

  • What they found in a monastery there was something no man had ever seen before.

  • They discovered a book, an old and spectacular book, something so big that it could hardly

  • be picked up.

  • It contained the full Latin bible.

  • It contained tales from ancient history and it also contained a vast knowledge of medicine.

  • Was this the book that the monk had written when in cahoots with the devil?

  • One thing for sure is that it was, and still is, the largest illustrated medieval manuscript

  • ever createdand yes, inside it was a drawing of the devil.

  • The book became known as theCodex Gigas.”

  • In Latin, that simply translates toGiant Book.”

  • A giant it is, too.

  • The 320 pages are made from Vellum, which is a material made from animal hide that was

  • often used for writing on.

  • Believe it or not, it took 160 donkeys to get enough hide to create the book.

  • The total page count is unknown, as many pages went missing throughout history and today

  • only 310 remain- still, quite the feat for a medieval scribeespecially if forced

  • to write this book in just one night!

  • The Devil's Bible is 36 inches (91 cm) tall, 20 inches (50.8 cm) wide, and 8.7 inches (22

  • cm) thick.

  • It weighs about the same as many of you folks watching this show, weighing in at 165 pounds

  • (74kg).

  • Suffice to say, when the Swedes saw this thing they were blown away.

  • They'd seen nothing like it.

  • No one had, in any country.

  • It was a work of brilliance, and as we said, it didn't just contain the full Christian

  • bible, but had chapters on history and medicine.

  • There were even pages containing information on things such as exorcisms and how to repent

  • for one's sins.

  • But who wrote it?

  • That is the question that has always confounded historians.

  • You see, while it's written in Latin, it also contains the Hebrew, Greek, and Slavic

  • alphabets.

  • So, maybe a lot of people wrote that thing, thought historians, but on further analysis

  • over the years, most historians agree that the handwriting, the mood, and the illustrations,

  • must have come from just one person.

  • Taking into account the work that went into such a book, that one author would have been

  • writing and sketching day-in, day-out, for at least twenty years, maybe even 30 years.

  • That, or some chastised monk made a deal with the devil one night while awaiting his execution.

  • But who was this guy?

  • Well, as the legend goes, he was namedHerman the Recluse”, and was a 13th century monk

  • working in Bohemia, part of today's Czech Republic.

  • What do we know about Herman?

  • Given his epithet, we know he probably didn't get out much.

  • In Latin his name wasHermannus Heremitus”, which you can guess relates to the wordhermit.”

  • So, did Herman make a pact with the devil and get the book finished in just one night

  • or did he live up to his name and stay home for 20 or 30 years until the book was completed?

  • The answer is he most likely spent his entire life writing the manuscript, given that people

  • didn't tend to live too long back then.

  • But why did Herman give the Prince of Darkness a page all to himself?

  • It's not exactly clear, but if you open the book with the devil exposed, the opposite

  • page is an illustration of a Heavenly City.

  • Perhaps Herman was making a pointlive a life of sin and this is the fella you'll

  • meet after you dieor live a sinless life and you'll get a ticket to heaven.

  • In the pages after the picture of the devil, the reclusive monk gives detailed instructions

  • of how to exorcise the prince of darkness from either people or inanimate objects.

  • There are also some spells that were supposed to heal the sick and two spells related to

  • conjuring the devil.

  • The book is obviously ant-devil, so you might ask, why is there a conjuring spell?

  • Well, historians now believe that the conjuring spells were to protect people from the devil,

  • not get into bed with him.

  • As for the missing pages, some scholars believe they were intentionally removed.

  • Why, you might ask?

  • Well, that's where the conspiracy theories come in.

  • Maybe the lost pages contained something that mortals like you were never meant to seeor

  • maybe they were just stolenor perhaps in time the information on those pages was deemed

  • offensive.

  • We know that in 1697 the book was damaged.

  • It was sitting in the Stockholm Castle in Sweden when the building caught on fire.

  • As the story goes, according to a vicar named Johann Erichsons who wrote about the fire

  • some 50 years later, the book was thrown from the building and it landed on someone.

  • Imagine that, a book weighing the same as an adult male falling on someone's head.

  • We guess the victim was severely injured.

  • Codex Gigas was still intact at the end of the ordeal, although it's said some pages

  • went missing.

  • In view of that accident, some people have said the Devil's Bible is cursed and will

  • bring misfortune on anyone that goes near it.

  • That's probably not true, since it's been sitting in the National Library of Sweden

  • in Stockholm for a long time and it hasn't seemed to have cursed the place yet.

  • On top of that, thousands upon thousands of people have seen it in that museum and we

  • expect they didn't get cursed, either.

  • Now you should go and watch this show, “The Origin Of Evil: The Devil.”

  • Or instead, watch this….

It's the Middle Ages and a man is sitting in a cell awaiting one of the worst punishments

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悪魔の聖書に隠された謎 (The Mystery Behind Devil's Bible)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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