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  • The calls started at around eight pm, all from motorists driving down a specific segment

  • of an Oregon highway.

  • At first the police assumed they were being pranked, but then the sheer volume of calls

  • told them that something was definitely out there.

  • Each panicked driver that called relayed the exact same story- something massive, much

  • bigger than a bear, was running alongside the freeway.

  • The creature stood well over seven feet tall, ran on two legs, and appeared to be panicked.

  • One couple described the creature as roaring and clearly terrified of the traffic rushing

  • by.

  • As driver after driver flooded local police lines, cruisers were immediately dispatched.

  • Sadly, by the time they arrived the creature had already plunged back into the deep woods

  • of Oregon's forests.

  • As the American population expands and pushes ever deeper into pristine and untouched forests

  • that still span the North American continent, bigfoot sightings continue to increase on

  • a nearly year by year basis.

  • While many of these are clearly hoaxes, and many more are misidentifications, the sheer

  • volume of eyewitness sightings is enough to give any rational thinker pause- could all

  • of these sightings of the legendary creature truly be pure fabrications or accidental misidentifications?

  • While once considered nothing more than a folk tale or outright hoax, the growing evidence

  • for a population of Sasquatch on the North American continent has begun to lure in serious

  • scientific experts, and a great number of these are becoming increasingly convinced

  • after reviewing available evidence that something does indeed stalk the woods of the American

  • continent.

  • One of the most obvious, and the first, pieces of evidence of the sasquatch phenomenon are

  • footprints found in nearly all climates and environments across North America.

  • The creature now known as Bigfoot got its name from reports of mysterious footprints

  • found at a construction site in California, and the name has stuck ever since.

  • A name, which is well earned, as the footprints are quite massive, ranging an average of 18

  • inches in length!

  • Yet the bigfoot community would be rocked when in 2002 one of the construction workers

  • who discovered the footprints, Ray Wallace, admitted to faking the prints.

  • Not only that, but he had faked prints in many other areas of the country using his

  • custom-made wooden 'big feet' that he simply strapped into and then stomped around in.

  • The entire phenomenon appeared to be dead, clearly a hoax from the start... and yet,

  • this was far from the truth.

  • Wallace's work sites throughout his lifetime were plotted out by researchers, which helped

  • debunk many suspected sightings.

  • Yet there was still a major problem- while Wallace was actively hoaxing, prints were

  • appearing hundreds, even thousands of miles away.

  • And what's more, Wallace's prints were not the first to be discovered, they were simply

  • the first to draw national attention in such a large way.

  • In fact, Bigfoot sightings and footprints have been reported since the dawn of the American

  • nation, and Native Americans have long believed in and reported on the existence of the creature,

  • claiming that they have lived alongside it for thousands of years.

  • But perhaps this is all folklore, though it would still be difficult to explain why people

  • on the other side of the country started hoaxing bigfoot tracks at the exact same time as Wallace.

  • If these tracks are indeed all fake, then these hoaxers are far more sophisticated than

  • anyone ever suspected.

  • Dr. Jeff Meldrum has long spoken on the specific qualities of bigfoot tracks, and as the associate

  • professor of anatomy and anthropology, as well as the adjunct associate professor of

  • the department of anthropology at Idaho State College, he is well qualified to speak on

  • the subject.

  • Meldrum is an expert on foot morphology and most importantly, on locomotion in primates.

  • Dr. Meldrum understands how primate feet are shaped by evolution, and how this affects

  • their locomotion, and while initially skeptical of the phenomenon, his investigation into

  • hundreds of casts has now convinced him: there is a possibility of an unidentified large

  • primate in the American forests.

  • Dr. Meldrum's conclusion is derived from several common qualities found amongst the footprint

  • casts he considers to be authentic.

  • The first is the identification of dermal ridges, these are patterns in the skin that

  • are similar to that on your finger tips, and while drying plaster can sometimes form impressions

  • that seem like dermal ridges, it is not a common phenomenon.

  • The second piece of evidence is the presence of a midtarsal break, identified by the way

  • that the footprint is created on the ground as the creature moves.

  • This is a feature common to apes but not found in humans, and is caused by the foot actually

  • bending before an ape takes its next stride.

  • Next is the spacing of the footprints themselves, which is often in excess of three feet.

  • By measuring the space between footprints, the gait, or walk, of a creature can be measured,

  • and time and again this figure comes up to such a superhuman value that it would be extremely

  • biologically difficult, and sometimes impossible for a human to hoax.

  • But Dr. Meldrum is far from the only professional expert who believes in the possibility of

  • a large, unidentified ape.

  • Police fingerprint technician Jimmy Chilcutt became interested in the phenomenon after

  • watching a Bigfoot documentary, when in his own words, he was shocked at the appearance

  • of primate identifying characteristics in the plaster casts such as dermal ridges.

  • This discovery propelled him to look into the phenomenon using his specialized technical

  • knowledge as a fingerprint forensics specialist, and he became convinced that while some tracks

  • were fake, others misidentified, a large enough body of them existed that pointed at the possibility

  • of a large primate.

  • If every bigfoot track is being created by hoaxers, then clearly the real mystery here

  • is why an army of primate anatomy and locomotion experts have been pranking the nation for

  • decades.

  • Perhaps the most famous, and controversial, piece of evidence however is the Patterson-Gimlin

  • film, which purports to show the clearest footage yet of a large bipedal animal walking

  • across a dry riverbed in northern california.

  • According to Robert Patterson, the man who shot the film, he and his friend, Robert Gimlim,

  • came across the creature while on horseback trying to gather evidence for the existence

  • of Bigfoot.

  • Despite noticing the men, the creature simply moved off in a brisk, wide gait, looking back

  • at them several times.

  • Robertson, who was shocked at the appearance of the creature, took about twenty seconds

  • to get his panicked horse under control, hop off the saddle, and grab his camera, leaving

  • most of the encounter unfilmed.

  • Since that fateful day in 1967, the film has been repeatedly inspected, dissected, and

  • reconstructed by scientists the world over in a bid to discover if the film is real,

  • or a hoax.

  • While several people have come forward to claim they were the man in the costume, studies

  • of the film have time and again indicated that the subject may have been a real biological

  • creature.

  • One of the most damning pieces of evidence used by skeptics to debunk the film is a completely

  • unsubstantiated rumor that the bigfoot costume used in the film was designed by legendary

  • makeup artist John Chambers, who created the costumes for Planet of the Apes.

  • Yet these rumors are exactly that- hand-me-down stories that can't even be authentically traced

  • back to Chambers himself making that statement.

  • They also beg several key, common-sense questions, the most prominent of which is simply: why

  • in the world would an Academy Award winning makeup artist create a costume for a completely

  • unknown former rodeo clown to fake a bigfoot film with?

  • And secondly, why would he create a costume that is visibly far more advanced than anything

  • Hollywood would use for the next four decades, and then never recreate that work on a professional

  • film?

  • In determining the validity of the costume claim, film analysis has focused on gathering

  • painstaking detail of the creature frame by frame as it moves, and this analysis shows

  • that as the creature in the film moves, entire muscle groups can be seen to also move on

  • the creature's body.

  • This is simply too far outside the realm of possibility for 1967 costume technology, and

  • actuated artificial muscles wouldn't be incorporated into Hollywood costumes for decades to come.

  • The only possibility for the suit to clearly show these well-defined muscle movements is

  • for the suit wearer to have the suit physically worn right next to his own body, meaning that

  • the person in the costume would have had to been truly a massive individual- far outside

  • the physical limits of most human beings and well outside those of anyone who has claimed

  • to be the man in the costume.

  • Famously, Disney Executive Ken Peterson was quoted as saying that Disney technicians would

  • be unable to recreate a suit so realistic, and if his technicians couldn't recreate it

  • then how would an unknown like Patterson have done so in the first place.

  • Universal Studio special effects technicians upon being shown the film recently concluded

  • that they could possibly try and fake it, but they would have to create a brand new

  • suit using artificial muscles, and then find an actor who could be trained to walk in the

  • extremely peculiar way the creature in the film moves.

  • Yet the creature's movement reveals even more interesting details that hint at the authenticity

  • of the footage.

  • Notably, primate and human locomotion experts have worked to painstakingly recreate the

  • gait of the creature with human subjects, and have found that while the creature's gait

  • doesn't resemble any known primate, it is also extremely unlike that of a human and

  • instead seems to sit somewhere in between the two.

  • While the gait has been successfully recreated with a professional athlete in a laboratory

  • setting, even the researchers responsible for the study admitted that it was an extremely

  • uncomfortable, unnatural movement that would be difficult to maintain for long periods

  • of time.

  • Dmitry Donskoy, head of the Department of Biomechanics at the USSR Central Institute

  • of Physical Culture, agreed with the results of the recreation decades before it even happened,

  • noting that the creature's movements were too natural and confident, while also unnatural

  • for a human, for it to have been easily faked.

  • Consider the rocky, uneven ground that the event took place in and it speaks even more

  • to the difficulty in hoaxing such movements.

  • Even more damning for the hypothesis that the creature is just a man in a suit, is that

  • a computer reconstruction of the anatomy of the creature, using known locations of the

  • creature's joints, shows that the creature has a far longer torso than legs, well outside

  • the natural range of any human.

  • Even skeptical reviews of the film have fallen far short of declaring it a hoax, with most

  • studies simply noting that the creature's true identity cannot be determined, which

  • is more than a fair statement for footage shot on 16mm film from such great distance.

  • Sadly, no hard evidence of the creature exists, which begs the question of how such a prominent

  • woodland figure could exist and leave behind zero hard evidence.

  • Many believe that the creature is more intelligent than a normal primate, and believe that they

  • may show some level of care for their dead, perhaps secreting them away in caves or other

  • locations as a form or a very primitive burial rite.

  • What is known is that the natural state of North American forests can actually work to

  • decompose even bones and scatter them wide enough as to make their discovery difficult,

  • if not impossible- especially if Bigfoot is a primate with a very low population.

  • The low population theory is supported by much of the evidence gathered on the creature,

  • with some estimates ranging at a population of only a few thousand across North America.

  • Animals like Bengal Tigers are very much real, and have an even lower population count thanks

  • to hunting by humans.

  • They too rarely if ever leave remains to be discovered by humans, despite their environment

  • being located mostly inside of the most populated country in the world: India.

  • If we were to judge the existence of Bengal Tigers by the same standard we use on Bigfoot,

  • well, the scientific community would have very little actual evidence of their existence.

  • Many Bigfoot researchers believe that the creature not only has a very low population,

  • but one that is actively being made extinct by human activity.

  • These massive bipedal creatures, if they exist, would require a substantial range to support

  • their massive caloric requirements, and while studies have shown that there does in fact

  • exist enough subsistence in American forests to meet these requirements, the range of a

  • family group of these creatures would have to be extremely large.

  • With human encroachment into the wilds of North America,and activities like the damming

  • of rivers interrupting fish supplies, these elusive North American great apes may perhaps

  • truly be our most intelligent relatives, but are surely on the way to complete extinction.

  • Sadly, they may fade away entirely before their existence is conclusively proven, though

  • perhaps sometime in the future remains may be discovered that show that once, a great

  • ape truly did stalk the American wilds.

  • Ready for more spooky stuff?

  • Check out The Terrifying Alien Encounter That's Never Been Explained!

  • Or maybe you prefer a change of pace, then check out this other episode here!

  • Either way, click now, because it's definitely not a hoax that we have great videos!

The calls started at around eight pm, all from motorists driving down a specific segment

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ビッグフットが実際に存在するという科学的証拠 (Scientific Evidence Bigfoot Actually Exists)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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