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  • Montessori Education is based on the principles developed by Maria Montessori,

  • who opened her first school for children of low-income workers in an apartment building in Rome in 1907.

  • The school was calledCasa dei Bambini”, Home for Children.

  • This firstCasawas furnished with a teachers table,

  • a stove, a blackboard, some chairs, group tables for the children

  • and a cabinet filled with materials that Montessori developed in her earlier career

  • when she researched how to teach kids who experience some form of mental disability.

  • Maria Montessori created the materials after she realised

  • that students seem to understand complex concepts better when they engaged all their senses.

  • Activities at this first school included personal care (such as dressing and undressing),

  • care of the environment like sweeping, dusting and gardening.

  • Otherwise they were free to move around and play with the materials.

  • Montessori did not teach herself

  • but instead oversaw the classroom work of her teachers.

  • Montessori observed that children showed episodes of deep concentration

  • and multiple repetitions of the same activity.

  • Given free choice,

  • kids showed more interest in practical activities and the materials

  • than normal toys, sweets or other rewards.

  • Over time spontaneous self-discipline emerged.

  • Montessori concluded that working independently

  • children seemed to reach new levels of autonomy and become self-motivated learners.

  • She began to see the role of the teacher as a facilitator of young human beings

  • who are free to move and act within the limits of a prepared environment.

  • The goal: to grow children to become independent and responsible adults who share a love for learning.

  • Soon after Montessori herself and her ideas started travelling the world

  • to inspired progressive thinkers and educators from all over.

  • The inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison, became early advocates.

  • Later alumni include Jimmy Wales from Wikipedia,

  • author Gabriel Garcia Marquez

  • as well as the two Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

  • Today the termMontessoristands more for a method, than a school itself.

  • The fact that it can be used freely by anyone led to a great variation of schools.

  • Educators all over the world borrow Montessori's name,

  • insights and materials to organize kindergartens,

  • elementary schools, special needs programs,

  • or even full 12 year curriculums.

  • Some parents use it for homeschooling.

  • The following characteristics are shared among most programs:

  • - Students are free to choose what to learn

  • - Open classrooms that allow free movement

  • - Use of specialised Montessori materials

  • - Mixed age classes (from 0-3, 3-6 or 6-12)

  • so children can learn from each other

  • - Uninterrupted blocks of study time, usually three hours

  • - No grading or homework

  • - and a trained teacher

  • Maria Montessori once famously said:

  • Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.”

  • What are your thoughts on Montessori?

  • Please share your opinions in the comments below!

Montessori Education is based on the principles developed by Maria Montessori,

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B1 中級

モンテッソーリ学校教育 (Montessori School Education)

  • 113 6
    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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