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  • Tests are meant to measure progress

  • towards gaining practical skills or understanding ideas.

  • Their purpose is to show teachers and students

  • what went right

  • and what went wrong.

  • Unfortunately, too many times

  • we fail to act upon what tests find out.

  • Instead of fixing the gaps that tests identify,

  • students are pushed through the school system with

  • poor test results and bad grades.

  • The problem is that if we fail to fill these gaps,

  • school can become years of boredom

  • and potentially clever kids

  • might lose faith in their own abilities.

  • Most Multiple Choice Tests for example

  • are designed to reward guessing

  • instead of precision and honesty.

  • They do not give us the option tonot know”.

  • With terrible consequences.

  • After the test has been taken,

  • both teachers and students

  • won't know whether the student got it,

  • or just guessed it right.

  • This sends the wrong signal

  • and we miss the opportunity to fill knowledge gaps.

  • Mastery Learning,

  • an educational philosophy first proposed

  • by Benjamin Bloom in 1968, offers a solution.

  • Under Mastery Learning students must achieve a level of excellence

  • (which could be. 90% on a math test)

  • before moving forward.

  • If students do not achieve mastery on the test,

  • they go back to study and then get tested again.

  • This cycle continues until the student gets it right.

  • Only then may they move on to learn the next thing.

  • In 2011 the Khan Academy,

  • a non-profit organisation,

  • and the Los Altos school district

  • showed that great things happen

  • if math students advance

  • only if they fully understand a concept.

  • Six months into the experiment of passing only students

  • that fully mastered a concept,

  • the number of advanced math students doubled

  • and 6% of the weakest group

  • joined those at the very top.

  • What do you think?

  • Does it make sense to teach a student

  • who doesn't understand 8 times 3 equals 24,

  • how one sixth of 24 equals 4?

  • It's almost like saying:

  • you don't know how to swim in a pool?

  • what the heck try and jump into that river!

  • Enlighten us with your perspective

  • or share relevant links on this topic

  • in the comments below!

Tests are meant to measure progress

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A2 初級

マスタリーラーニング (Mastery Learning)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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