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  • this video, sponsored by the Great courses, Plus what does suffering mean to you For Victor Frankel and other unfortunate souls?

  • Mm Ping.

  • Imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps, these camps were disgusting places full of torture, pain and suffering.

  • Chances of surviving were at most.

  • One in 28 prisoners found themselves rejoicing at the site of a few peas in an otherwise water bowl of soup.

  • If that's the happiest part of someone's day, it says a lot about how much they're suffering prisoners, often worried about the well being of their family and friends who had been separated from them.

  • It's hard to even imagine the suffering that the prisoners went through amidst their suffering.

  • Many prisoners contemplated, and many performed suicide.

  • But running into the electric fences, the's prisoners see staff hope they saw no future for themselves.

  • They felt that their lives had become meaningless and had lost the will to live.

  • On the other hand, some prisoners, like Victor, were able to find meaning in their suffering.

  • In a world where people will commonly say, Why me whenever something bad happens, I wanted to find out how someone could persevere through one of the darkest periods in human kind and find an answer to that question for themselves.

  • Prior to World War two, essential ism was a fairly standard belief.

  • This was the idea that we're born with an essence and essence can be considered as a part of a person or thing that defines them.

  • Without that defining quality, they would no longer be that think.

  • For example, the specific sperm and egg that made me are a part of my essence.

  • If it were a different sperm or a different egg, I would no longer be me.

  • Some philosophers believed that is a part of our essence.

  • We were born with a purpose.

  • The atrocities witnessed during World War Two really made humanity.

  • Question this.

  • It's understandable to question whether life really has a predestined meaning.

  • If all someone experiences is suffering after World War two, the concept of existentialism became much more widespread.

  • Existentialism is the idea that were born without a purpose and that were left to define our own.

  • This is often stated as existence precedes, essence were born first into meaningless world, and then we define our own meaning.

  • Some people think that existentialism is a depressing view of the world because it says the world has no ultimate and objective meaning.

  • Others disagree.

  • They may see it as a beautiful and liberating philosophy, one that allows them to find a potentially infinite amount of meaning in the world and gives them the freedom to define that for themselves every second, every minute, every hour of every day.

  • They have the ability to define a new meaning for themselves.

  • A new reason to live existentialism was the key philosophy that allowed Victor Frankel to find meaning in his suffering during his time in concentration camps.

  • To quote him when we're no longer able to change the situation, just think of an incurable disease such as inoperable cancer were challenged to change ourselves.

  • Existentialists have the ability to taken adversity and overcome it or empower themselves by giving it meaning.

  • As circumstances change, they give themselves the freedom to change their meanings and attitude.

  • They don't ask life what its meaning is, but they're constantly being asked by life.

  • How they choose to live is their answer.

  • Frankel argues that humans do not seek attention less state.

  • In fact, attention less state can result.

  • In another problem, the victor called the existential vacuum, a complete lack of purpose or meaninglessness in life.

  • Victor argues that it's within this vacuum that depression, aggression and addiction can rise.

  • I believe that Victor were argued that in order to overcome this dilemma, a certain amount of tension is required.

  • But this tension must be worth overcoming for the individual.

  • So it's not about avoiding suffering or stress at all costs, but finding meaning and suffering or finding something worth suffering for.

  • I think this quote by Victor beautifully summarizes the key.

  • Take away between stimulus and response.

  • There's a space in that space is our power to choose our response.

  • In our response lies our growth and our freedom.

  • Think of someone being cut off in rush hour traffic in between the impulse that being cut off and their reaction, there's a space in this space.

  • They have the ability to choose the reaction to that impulse in the same way there's a space between our suffering and our reaction to it.

  • We have the ability to choose our reaction and give new meaning to our suffering.

  • In a way, we become worthy of our suffering.

  • Hey, guys, I like to take a moment to give a big thanks to our sponsors the great courses Plus for supporting the channel.

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  • I actually watched a lecture on existentialism and the Frankfurt School from the course on modern intellectual tradition.

  • From Day Card to Derrida by Lawrence Cocoon.

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this video, sponsored by the Great courses, Plus what does suffering mean to you For Victor Frankel and other unfortunate souls?


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実存主義。苦悩の中に意味を見出す|ビクトール・フランクル (Existentialism: Finding Meaning in Suffering | Viktor Frankl)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日