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  • Hi, everybody.

  • I'm Esther.

  • Now let's take a look at some practice exercises for the basic usage of the past perfect tense.

  • Take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'I blank for six hours before I had a break.'

  • The verb here is 'work'.

  • Remember, we need to say 'I had'.

  • No matter what the subject is, say 'had'.

  • And then, you take the past participle of the verb.

  • In this case, we would say 'worked'.

  • 'I had worked for six hours before I had a break.'

  • For the next sentence, I want you to try the negative form.

  • 'We blank TV before we listened to the radio.'

  • Remember, for the negative form, we say 'had not'

  • or we use the contraction, 'hadn't'.

  • 'We hadn't'.

  • And then, we need the past participle.

  • 'We hadn't watched TV before we listened to the radio.'

  • Now find the mistake in the next sentence.

  • 'Reggie had it be to Mexico before he went to Peru.'

  • Well, we have the subject here and for the negative, 'hadn't' is correct.

  • However, we need the past participle of the verb 'be'.

  • So the correct answer is,

  • 'Reggie hadn't been to Mexico before he went to Peru.'

  • And finally, 'Sally and Jan or they had do their job.'

  • Hmm.

  • Remember, we need the past participle.

  • We don't say do.

  • We say 'done'.

  • 'Sally and Jan had done their job before they watched TV.'

  • Let's move on.

  • In this checkup, we'll take a look at some practice exercises

  • for the past perfect tense that describes how long.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'You blank at the park for three hours before you came home.'

  • Remember, we start with the subject and then 'had'.

  • So I'm going to add that here,

  • then we need the past participle of the verb 'be'.

  • And that is 'been'.

  • 'You had been at the park for three hours before you came home.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'They blank for six hours before they took a break.'

  • Again, no matter what the subject, we have 'had' and then the past participle.

  • So the answer is,

  • 'They had studied for six hours before they took a break.'

  • Now, find the mistake in the next sentence.

  • It's a little bit longer so it might take you a while.

  • 'They had been known each other for ten years before they had their first fight.'

  • Can you find the mistake?

  • Well, we have the subject and 'had', but check this out.

  • There are two past participles here.

  • We need to get rid of one of them.

  • We can take out this verb and say, 'They had known each other for ten years

  • before they had their first fight.'

  • The next sentence says, 'I have played soccer for many years before I scored my first goal.'

  • This sentence doesn't look wrong at first.

  • But remember, in the past perfect tense, we need to say 'had'.

  • 'I had played soccer for many years before I scored my first goal.'

  • Good job, everybody.

  • Let's move on.

  • Great job, everyone.

  • Now you have a better understanding of the past perfect tense.

  • I know it can be a little difficult but keep studying,

  • and keep practicing, and you will get better.

  • I know studying English is not easy but with time and effort,

  • I know you'll master it.

  • Thank you so much for watching and I'll see you in the next video.

Hi, everybody.

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A2 初級

過去完了時制の練習|英文法基礎講座|チェックアップ (Practice Past Perfect Tense | Basic English Grammar Course | Check Up)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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