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  • Drones are revolutionizing the military, emergency services, aerospace

  • and potentially even the taxi industry.

  • The growth of these unmanned aerial craft presents new opportunities for the aerospace industry,

  • but with more and more of them popping up, are they safe to crowd our skies?

  • I'm here at the Dubai Air show, where several of the latest drones are on display.

  • This here is the Aura 100 UAV.

  • UAV stands for unmanned aerial vehicle.

  • The company behind this drone are in the UAE to promote its capabilities and find customers.

  • We have already finalized all the test flights, and we have a few samples,

  • which are actually ready and flying.

  • I can say that we are ready for production now.

  • But the Aura 100 faces stiff competition, with drones from all over the world on display here in Dubai.

  • We've been flooded with opportunities here

  • from the defense sector and the government sector, to oil and gas.

  • The response has been really good.

  • Jason Braverman is here with his Canadian- built drone, which he says is ideal

  • for monitoring pipelines and carrying out surveillance.

  • If you look at the world, this is really the center of oil and gas,

  • and this region has very particular security issues.

  • The drone industry is expected to be worth $100 billion globally by 2020,

  • with military applications making up the bulk of market at $70 billion.

  • Consumer drones are expected to hit $17 billion,

  • while businesses and civil governments make up the last $13 billion.

  • Drone use is expected to grow in all of these three segments,

  • as production costs decrease and the technology behind drones advances.

  • For consumers, this could mean heading to a park and flying a miniature drone

  • with a camera for that perfect photo.

  • Commercial drones are used in sectors like transport, agriculture, construction or disaster relief.

  • In the aviation industry for example,

  • planes can now be inspected for safety by using cameras mounted on drones.

  • And in the military, the application of drones has allowed armed forces to spy,

  • increase their situational awareness, gain tactical advantages on the battlefield and even shoot at targets.

  • Controlling a drone of this type can be done in one of two ways.

  • Most are remote controlled, but some can self-fly using onboard flight sensors

  • and navigation systems like GPS to follow digital flight plans.

  • Amazon is developing Prime Air for autonomous, pilotless deliveries,

  • while Project Wing is Alphabet's version of the technology.

  • In 2019, DHL partnered with Chinese UAV maker Ehang to create a customized route for deliveries.

  • Ehang's new drone, the Falcon, was specifically designed to

  • overcome complicated road conditions and congestion.

  • U.S. drone startup Natilus wants to take unmanned delivery even further.

  • It recently completed tests for an unmanned aircraft prototype

  • that can carry cargo long distance over the sea.

  • There's only two ways to ship goods.

  • There's of course by ocean freight, which is very slow but inexpensive, and of course air freight.

  • We were always wondering if there was a solution that is something in the middle.

  • The plan is to reduce air freight costs by inventing a futuristic cargo drone

  • that would be 17 times faster than a cargo ship but half the price of using a Boeing 747.

  • The prototype is 30 feet in wingspan and weighs about 2,200 pounds.

  • The first product is a 3.4 metric ton freighter meant for feeder operation express service delivery

  • with companies such as FedEx and UPS and other worldwide ones.

  • And first flight is scheduled in two years.

  • Frankfurt Airport and drone maker Volocopter are exploring the potential

  • for an electric air-taxi service that doesn't require a pilot.

  • The same vehicle was already used to fly above Singapore's Marina Bay in October this year.

  • That trip was piloted but the aim is full autonomy.

  • Airbus and Boeing also have their ownflying taxiprojects

  • that would eventually dispense with an onboard pilot.

  • Autonomous urban aircraft could become a $1.5 trillion industry by 2040.

  • That includes everything from delivery drones, flying taxis,

  • military unmanned aerial vehicles, and industrial worker drones.

  • Analysts don't see technology as a barrier, noting that battery capacity,

  • computing power and the rise of 5G technology are all rapidly converging.

  • But if tech isn't the issue, then what will stop drones crowding the skies?

  • What can stop them crashing into each other and tumbling to the ground?

  • This is a UAV Traffic Management system.

  • What this technology does is identify drones in the sky,

  • helping to avoid collisions with other aircraft, such as planes, helicopters or other drones.

  • Our goal is to help every drone that is flying broadcast their position so that another

  • aviator can receive that information and make a decision.

  • In the future, the technology will be clever enough where drones can talk to drones,

  • drones can talk to airplanes automatically, and they can automatically avoid.

  • The system has been designed to work in tandem with a camera mounted on a radar

  • which can spot drones heading towards a restricted area.

  • So the camera's kind of integrated with that drone radar to follow this thing as it's being picked up.

  • Is it a bird? Is it a plane? What is it? Okay it's a drone, great. Now is it a drone we know about,

  • or is it a rogue element that we need to take a different action on?

  • By one estimate, there will be more than 76,000 drones operating in the U.K.'s skies by 2030.

  • The majority will be deployed for defense, health and education in the public realm and

  • agriculture, mining and energy firms in the private sector.

  • But as with other disruptive technologies, public policy often has to play catch-up.

  • Safety remains the main concern of regulators.

  • Analysts say that current U.S. Federal Aviation Authority restrictions have been an obstacle

  • to the sector's commercial development.

  • They argue in order to unlock the technology's potential, drones should be allowed to fly

  • above 400 feet, be allowed to fly out of the pilot's line of sight and be granted the

  • ability to self-pilot and soar over populated areas.

  • Drones have been with us for several years and their growth looks set to soar.

  • The benefits should include an increase in productivity, safety and even new jobs in the drone economy.

  • But how they fly, where they fly and what they are being used for are all challenges to be solved.

  • Thanks for watching! Let us know in the comments below which industry

  • you think is going to benefit most from the rise of the drones.

Drones are revolutionizing the military, emergency services, aerospace

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ドローンが1000億ドル産業に成長中|CNBCレポート (Drones are growing into a $100 billion industry | CNBC Reports)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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