字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント [singing] Whenever, wherever, you and I were meant to be together... Hi, James from www.engvid.com . "My Hips Don't Lie" was Shakira. But anyway, it's an interesting point because Shakira in a song sings a song where "whenever, wherever", and I want to teach you what whenever, wherever, whoever, however actually means. Let's go the board and find out. You'll see Mr. E here is saying "Who, why, how, what, when?". A lot of times in English, if you go to an English school, they'll talk about the W5 questions, which are the W words: who, when, where, why... we'll just stop at four, because I don't want to give away something, because there's which and other ones, there's more than W5, but basically these ones. Oh sorry, what. We can do that one, I think it's here. So, what. These five are used for questions, to ask questions. Who is this person, what did you do, why did you do it, where did you go? W5, okay? Reporter questions. Now, there's a mutant - a mutant variation of the "who, why, when, where, what". And what is this variation? Mutant means different from the original. It's changed its form. If the - ever part. I've got "ever" here, question "ever". So, let me just put it in red so you can see it. Question "ever", so whoever, whyever, whenever, however. I said "how", but we'll get to that later, and I'm going to explain how "ever" changes the basic meaning of these W5 questions and how we use them in English and how you can use them. So, let's start off with "wherever". Well, Shakira started off with "whenever", but I'm just going to switch it. Wherever. So, we know "where" means place. Simple enough. But when we say "wherever", it means no particular place. It means there's no special place or nothing I have specifically in my mind where I want to go, alright? So, you can say to somebody "We can eat wherever you want." I don't care about the place. There's no particular place, right? Or, "Where do you want me to put this?" "I don't know, wherever". It's not important. So, the "ever" here changes it to meaning no restriction. There's no limit to where it is, okay? Or - yeah, there's no limit, there's no restriction, we're open. We can also use it as a conjunction, so we're saying it as a conjunction, joining two ideas about possible - leaving some room. So, wherever it's possible, leave some room. Conjunction. Next one I want to talk about is "whoever". Whoever. Now, who is about persons or peoples, right? Person/people. But when we talk about whoever, we're talking about any person, so there's no limitation to the person, I don't know who you are. Example here would be "Whoever was responsible for the..." action, or whoever was responsible for the accident. In this case, I don't know who the person is, so I'm saying any person who did it. Okay, I'm not pointing particularly, I don't know. And we go back to the idea of restriction, there's no restriction, I'm not saying this group of people or this group of people of this person over here, I mean, I don't know so it can be any person. I'm not restricting it to a certain number, okay? Now, when I said "whoever" in brackets, I said "whomever" because in English we have "who" which is the subject, and we have "whom" which is the object and yes, when you say "whoever", you can say "whomever", okay, to whomever this letter is addressed. In that case, the object, the person I'm speaking to. Usually, we say "whom", but once again, it could lead to non-restriction or no limitation. We're cool? A lot of information. Whoever's listening out there, I feel for you! Whoever's listening out there, wherever you are, I know this is difficult, okay, see, I don't know where you are and it's anybody. Next, it also can be used as a pronoun. Yes, you can see it's a pronoun here, but I'm saying to you that you can use it as a pronoun as a sentence like "Whoever would do such a bad thing?". In this case, this is the person, this is the person speaking about it, instead of he or she or it, we're just saying whoever would do such a bad thing, alright? So, you can use it for pronoun use. "Whyever". Whyever is for reason. What is the reason you did this? Now, here's the interesting thing about whyever: most North Americans probably have said this, but they'll tell you I've never written it on paper. I will be one of the first ones to tell you I've never written it on paper. In fact, the first time I wrote it down on paper was for this lesson for you, and whyever I did it, I don't know at this moment. Whoever asked me the question was the one responsible, and I will find them, wherever they are. Okay? So, I'm trying to play with you to build up on our knowledge. But it's - what was the reason for doing it, like "Whyever would you do this?" And it's actually kind of formal, because we usually just say "Why would you do it?" But whyever, we're going back to this whole theme about restriction and opens it up, makes it bigger, gives it a bigger field to play in, so to speak, alright? And you might notice I put here for emphasis for the reason why, so we know it's why and why is the reason, but it makes it stronger, giving it emphasis. So, whyever would you ask me that? You could say "Why would you ask me that?" But you're going to hear people say "Whyever would you ask me that?", making it much stronger and much more personal. So, more, you might say, more offense. Whyever would you do something like that? For what reason could you possibly think of, you know, that would make any sense in this situation? Now, remember, Shakira, whenever, wherever? Now, we're going to when. When is for what? Time. So, when we want to talk about no restriction - I keep saying that word because that's what the "ever" part does. It opens it up to, you know, being unlimited in a way, right? So, when I say no particular time, here's an example. I could say - you could say "Hey James, you're having a party tonight. When should I come?" I go "Oh, I don't know, whenever you want to come. Come over whenever you want." There's no restriction, there's no particular time that I care about, it's open for you. No restriction. The second thing we can talk about is anytime something is repeated, a repeated action. So, you could say to somebody "Whenever" - okay - "Whenever I eat a burrito, I get stomach problems." It means anytime I eat it, and it's repeated, because it must mean more than one time, right? So in this case, it's not no particular time, I'm saying anytime, anytime - anytime, anytime, anytime I can say it many times - as an action is repeated, maybe not regularly, but in any occasion that it occurs, or whenever this thing does happen in time, maybe once a week, once a month, once every three years, I just know it's repeated, I'm saying anytime this repeated action occurs, something else might happen. So, whenever you are late, people get unhappy, right? It means every time you repeat that action at any time. Cool? Alright. Now, here's my favorite one: whatever. What is for things usually, when we speak in English grammar we say what is for things, who is for people, like "What is that?". You cannot say to somebody - oh, please don't ever say to somebody "What is that?" because they will punch you in the face, okay? Because what is a human being, not a piece of poopoo, okay? So, you can't say "What is that?" talking to people, you can only say it about things. So, whatever is a thing or caring and I put caring - you'll see why in a second or two. What is a determiner? Some of you are going "determiner, what is that?". A determiner tells us what we're talking about, so you can say "this, that, and the". These are determinator - determiners. I think I've been watching too much Schwarzenegger. "I am the Determinator, and I'm going to determine your future with a gunshot." Sorry. So, determiner tells us what we're talking about. So, if you said, for instance, "Whatever you did worked.", I'm saying this thing here, I'm talking about this like "the thing, this thing, that thing", it worked. And this determines or shows me what I'm talking about. So, whatever you used on the wall worked. I'm talking about this product. I could say "This thing worked, that thing worked", but I'm saying whatever it is, I don't know what it is, alright, it's a thing, and there's no restriction on the thing, but it worked. Determiner to tell me what it is. Not caring. I was very lazy and I put "whateva". Ladies and gentlemen, sometimes you have, in a relationship, one partner who doesn't care and you'll say something like "Hey baby, I'm sorry - hey baby, gonna give you the news. I'm very sorry baby, I'm late." And she goes "Ah whatever, I don't care." So, when someone says "Whatever", or your boss goes - you go "Boss, I didn't get the project..." "Whatever, Johnson!", it means it's not important, I don't care. Sometimes, you'll see people put - by the way, please don't put this, I wrote it as a joke, okay, because people say it like that, they go "whateva, whateva", they also say "whatevs", "whatevs", it means "Whatever, I don't care". But you can use whatever, finally, as emphasis. "Whatever you do, don't touch that button!" It means, remember the non-restriction part we talked about, you can do anything you want, but don't do that. Whatever you do, don't touch his hair. You'll go crazy. You can touch his nose, his mouth, his lips, his ears, don't touch his hair, alright? Anyway. I do have limits because we have time restriction, so I need to go to the next board and give you a little quiz on what, when, where, how, and I said how because that's going to be on our bonus section. Are you ready? Let's go! And we're back! So, I'm going to do our little quiz and then we will do our bonus section because I did say this was the W5 lesson in which we ask questions, but there are a couple other words we use for questions that I will address or look at in a second or two. So, let's go to the board and look at our exercise today is choose the right word. You learned whoever, whenever, whatever, however, whyever, now we're going to see where they may fit in this little quiz of ours. Start with the first one: ___________ flushed the toilet left a floater, and I had to flush it again. That's a difficult one, alright? Something flushed a toilet, left a floater, and I had to flush it again. Hmm. Okay. Next one: You can choose ___________ food you want for the party. You can choose ____________ food you want for the party. Number three: You can come over ___________ you want. I will be home all night. You can come over __________ you want, I will be home all night. And: I don't care. Do ___________ you want to do! I don't care. Do ___________ you want to do! And finally: ____________ it was done, it wasn't done correctly. ____________ it was done, it wasn't done correctly. Now, I've read these to you because some of you, I know, are really good and bright and smart and already you're trying to figure it out, and doing so, I'm giving time for the other people to, you know, take some time, think about, or go back over the video which ones we did and which ones might go over here or work the best, okay? So, I'm going to help with some of them, because some of them will have key words that help you identify what you should use. Some are from the lesson I taught you and I used some key words, right? And other ones - so I've given you three that will help you, the rest we'll have to work on, and even here I've helped you, but you have to figure out what it is, because what's missing? Something is missing from here. That goes with here. So, you ready? Let's go to the board. _________ flushed the toilet, left a floater. Well, first of all, what is a floater? If you don't know what a floater is, the sentence won't make sense. So, let's go flush, toilet, floater. Flushing the toilet is when you go to the washroom and if you're a lady you might sit down, gentlemen you'll sit down and sometimes you pee, guys, you know, you pee, right? And sometimes you do what we call number 2, you sit down and [poof, plop]. Well, sometimes the poo that you drop, it doesn't go down, it actually floats. It stays in the top of the water like "Help, I need help, I'm in a big bath of water, help, I'm floating!" So, sorry, a floater is a poo that doesn't go down, it stays on the top. And let's be honest, we've all had occasions when you flush the toilet and you know, you walk out and you turn around, you lift up the lid and there's one piece going "Hahaha, you didn't get me, haha, I'm still here!" and you have to flush again.