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  • What Will Happen Before 2120?

  • Much of the technology that we have today would've been inconceivable a century ago.

  • But as history has continuously shown, things that were once thought impossible can become

  • an everyday reality.

  • So, what sorts of amazing tech could await us in our near future?

  • This is Unveiled and today we're answering the extraordinary question; What will happen

  • before the year 2120?

  • Are you a fiend for facts?

  • Are you constantly curious?

  • Then why not subscribe to Unveiled for more clips like this one?

  • And ring the bell for more fascinating content!

  • Generally speaking, the technology that's available to us increases year on year at

  • an exponential ratewhich makes sense for the most part because technological innovation

  • usually occurs via the technology made possible during the previous round of innovation.

  • So, the better our tech becomes, the better we are at creating newer and even more innovative

  • productswith some market estimates even claiming that computers in just ten years'

  • time could be 1,000 times more advanced than what we currently have.

  • In October 2019, Google announced that one of its quantum computers had achievedQuantum

  • Supremacyby solving a particular equation - one that would take a traditional computer

  • over 10,000 years to complete - in less than three-and-a-half minutes.

  • The practical applications of the achievement aren't yet known, and it's still thought

  • that we're a long way from everyday quantum computing.

  • But when you consider that the computer in general is only a few decades old and yet

  • today millions of people own handheld smart devices millions of times more powerful than

  • what NASA had available at the time of the moon landingit's clear that in the next

  • 100 years a lot can change and will change.

  • So, what should we be expecting?

  • For one, our health and longevity is set to improvewith a growing focus on CRISPR

  • technology to enhance our survivability.

  • Gene editing is already here, being used for a variety of forward-thinking projects like

  • attempts to remove malaria from mosquitoes; to create super plants that are resistant

  • to insects and disease; and even to treating blindness in some animals.

  • But, similar CRISPR uses have also started to emerge directly involving humans.

  • A bid by the University of Pennsylvania to treat cancer patients via CRISPR tech has

  • already made headlines, while there have also been reports of gene editing being used in

  • the UK to successfully remove cancer in at least one case.

  • The approach is still very much in its infancy, but it is representative of a general push

  • totake back controlagainst all diseases that threaten the human body - to beat them

  • before we even develop them - especially at a time when antimicrobial resistance is considered

  • a major threat to life.

  • The ongoing (and intensifying) ethical debate surroundingdesigner babiesshows that

  • there is also a darker aspect to a prospective future world where gene editing is the norm,

  • however.

  • As with most advancing technologies, there will also be a moral balance to be struck.

  • It's an issue affecting other near-future tech aiming not only to make us healthier,

  • but to make us smarter, too.

  • Elon Musk has already revealed his plans for NeuraLink, an implantable brain machine interface

  • that will allow humans to think and process faster than ever before by connecting their

  • brain to a type of computer - with plans to test the device inside a sample of humans

  • slated for the early 2020s.

  • On a simple level, if AI brain implants work and take off, they'd be a major first step

  • in artificially increasing our own mental capacities and abilities.

  • More specifically, though, they could usher in the age of telepathy.

  • Futurist Ian Pearson believes the likelihood of this happening by at least 2100 isten

  • out of ten”, while there's a growing general consensus that synthetic telepathy is no longer

  • pure science fiction, but actually a fast-approaching, real world possibility.

  • For those backing telepathy tech, we could soon be making literalmental notes

  • to ping backwards and forwards between ourselves - as simply as sending messages online - as

  • our brains more closely merge with our devices.

  • Again, there's a dark side wherein telepathy renders traditional means of communication

  • (like face-to-face conversation) redundantand where everyone's brains become vulnerable

  • to digital hacks and security breachesbut there's also an argument that this level

  • of development is actually necessary for the human race so that it can keep up with the

  • potential capabilities of artificial intelligence.

  • Unsurprisingly, AI is set to have a massive impact on the next century.

  • Using advances like the Google quantum computer as a starting point - where traditional computer

  • processingis replaced by seamless, millisecond transitions - in a century the

  • gap between artificial and organic could well have significantly closed.

  • For decades the Turing Test has been held as the ultimate obstacle for an AI, but now

  • more and more computers are reportedly passing it and there's a new endpoint in sight - the

  • AI Singularity.

  • The AI Singularity is the concept that artificial intelligence will one day come to a point

  • where it is able to consistently create better and more intelligent versions of itself, without

  • the need for human input, creating an irreversible technological boom that's truly impossible

  • to stop.

  • For the US inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil, it's something that could occur as soon

  • as 2045, when he believes robots may even be indistinguishable from humans in some cases.

  • The positives?

  • With AI to assist us in everyday tasks, we'd be reaching levels of efficiency never before

  • possibleand with the prospect of AI essentially inventing itself, actual human beings would

  • be left with more time and opportunity for other pursuits.

  • The negatives?

  • Well, “the rise of the robotsis a popular theme in dystopian science fiction for a reason

  • Here's another facet of future life where achieving a balance is key.

  • But whether the robots rise up to help or hinder us, the next 100 years look set to

  • be dominated by other environmental concerns as well.

  • Fears surrounding climate change and global warming have taken hold within the last few

  • decades, with various national governments making pledges and setting deadlines for when

  • they hope to be carbon neutral (or even carbon negative).

  • In 2019, for example, the British government committed toNet Zerocarbon emissions

  • by 2050.

  • We'll know by 2120 whether targets like these were met, but if nothing changes then

  • scientists are promising a bleak outlook.

  • According to NASA measurements, the average global temperature has increased by 0.8 degrees

  • Celsius since 1880 - but the majority of that increase has happened since 1975.

  • For climatologists, the concern is that this quicker increase will continue into the next

  • century until the temperature becomes unmanageable or even un-survivable.

  • In general, the planet could look very different within the next 100 years.

  • Thanks to melting ice caps, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration foresees

  • a sea level rise of at least 0.3 metres by the end of the century.

  • Meanwhile, a 2019 study by scientists at the University of Bristol claims sea levels could

  • rise by as much as two metres by 2100.

  • The estimates do vary, but most projections warn of the water increase causing major disruption

  • - particularly in coastal regions like the US state of Florida, for example, which according

  • to some estimates has a 100% chance of being flooded by sea surges within the next 100

  • to 150 years.

  • According to 2019 analysis conducted by 24/7 Wall Street, many other parts of the US alone

  • are expected to experience mass flooding within a century, including parts of New England,

  • Georgia and Texas.

  • Right now, around 71 percent of Earth's surface is covered in water, but if the most

  • severe projections are met then that figure is set to change - turning our planet into

  • a slightly bluer place as the oceans reach further and further inland.

  • For some, the potential changes to our environment could even necessitate fleeing from Earth

  • entirely.

  • With or without an ecological crisis, though, space travel is another aspect of our lives

  • set for significant progress over the next few generations.

  • And proposed missions to Mars are among the most exciting initiatives in front of us.

  • If targets laid out by various space agencies (including NASA) and private aerospace firms

  • come to fruition, then by 2120 we should have built a permanent base on the Red Planet.

  • The European Space Agency and the Chinese National Space Administration both reportedly

  • plan on going to Mars somewhere between 2040 and 2060, although the head of SpaceX Elon

  • Musk hopes to have a permanent Martian Base (called Mars Base Alpha) by as soon as 2028.

  • Meanwhile, NASA's Artemis Program aims to begin setting up a permanent base on the moon

  • by 2028, and both Russia's Roscosmos and Japan's JAXA reportedly plan to begin building

  • on the lunar surface by 2030.

  • If those earliest goals are met, then really the moon and Mars could even be old news in

  • 100 years' time, as humanity becomes inspired by its past achievements and starts to look

  • further and further out into the solar system.

  • Just as parts of our everyday lives may have been unthinkable to those living in 1920,

  • we're set to see all manner of change play out over the next century.

  • From technological innovations to ecological challenges, Earth will be a very different

  • place.

  • So different, in fact, that humanity may well have branched away from this planet in an

  • accelerated quest to explore others.

  • And that's what could happen before 2120.

  • What do you think?

  • Is there anything we missed?

  • Let us know in the comments, check out these other clips from Unveiled, and make sure you

  • subscribe and ring the bell for our latest content.

What Will Happen Before 2120?

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2120年までに何が起こるのか?| 謎に包まれているもの|公開 (What Will Happen Before 2120? | Unveiled)

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    林峰生 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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