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  • in half a century of trying to help prevent wars.

  • There's one question that never leaves me.

  • How do we deal with extreme violence without using force in return when you're faced with brutality, whether it's a child facing a bully in the playground or domestic violence, or on the streets of Syria today facing tanks and shrapnel, what's the most effective thing to do?

  • Quite back.

  • Give him use more force.

  • This question, How do I do with the belief without becoming a thug in return?

  • Has been with me ever since I was a child.

  • I remember because I was about 13 glued to, ah, grainy black and white television in my parents living room as Soviet tanks rolled into Budapest and kids not much older than me, were throwing themselves at the tanks and getting mown down.

  • Andi.

  • I rushed upstairs and started packing my suitcase, and my mother came out and said, What on earth you doing?

  • And I said, I'm going to Budapest and she said, What on Earth four And I said, Kids getting killed, there's something terrible happening And she said, Don't be so silly And I started to cry and she got it, she said.

  • Okay, I see.

  • It's serious.

  • Um, you're much too young to help.

  • You need training, I'll help you.

  • But just unpack your suitcase.

  • And so I got some training on Bond went and worked in Africa during most of my twenties, but I realized that what I really needed to know I couldn't get from training courses.

  • I wanted to understand how violence, how oppression works, and what I've discovered since is this.

  • Bullies use violence in three ways.

  • They use political violence to intimidate, physical violence, to terrorize and mental or emotional violence to undermine.

  • And only very rarely, in very few cases does it work to use more violence.

  • Nelson Mandela went to jail, believing in violence on 27 years later, he and his colleagues had slowly and carefully honed the skills, the incredible skills that they needed to turn one of the most vicious governments.

  • The world is known into a democracy, and they did it in a total devotion to Nonviolence.

  • They realized that using force against force doesn't work.

  • So what does work over time?

  • I've collected about 1/2 dozen methods that do what cause them any more that do work and that are effective.

  • And the first is that the change that has to take place has to take place here inside me.

  • It's my response, my attitude to oppression, that I've got control over, that I could do something about and what I need to develop its self knowledge.

  • To do that.

  • That means I need to know how I tick when I collapse, where my formidable points on where my weaker points.

  • When do I give in?

  • What will I stand up for?

  • And meditation or self inspection is one of the ways of gets not the only 11 of the ways of gaining this kind of inner power on my heroine here, like Satish's, is Aung Sun Suu Ki.

  • In Burma, she was leading a group of students on a protest in the streets of Rangoon.

  • They came around a corner faced with a row of machine guns, and she realized straight away that the soldiers, with their fingers shaking on the triggers, were more scared than the student protesters behind her.

  • But she told the students to sit down, and she walked forward with such calm on such clarity and such total lack of fear that she could walk right up to the first gun, put her hand on it and lower it and no one got killed.

  • So that's what the mastery of fear conduce not only faced with machine guns, but if you if you meet a knife fight in the street that we have to practice.

  • So what about our fear?

  • I have a little mantra.

  • My fear grows fat on the energy.

  • I feed it.

  • And if it goes very big, it probably happens.

  • So we all know that three o'clock in the morning syndrome when something you've been worrying about wakes you up.

  • I see a lot of people, and for an hour you toss and turn.

  • It gets worse and worse.

  • And by four o'clock you're pinned to the pillow by a monster this big.

  • The only thing to do is to get up, make a cup of tea and sit down with the fear like child beside you.

  • You're the adult, the fear, it's the child.

  • And you talk to the fear and you ask it what it wants, what it needs.

  • How can this be made better?

  • How can the child feel stronger and you make a plan and you say OK, now we're going back to sleep for seven were getting up and that's what we're going to do.

  • I had one of these 3 a.m. episodes on Sunday paralyzed with fear at coming to talk to you.

  • So I got, I did the thing I got up, made the cup of tea, sat down with it digital, and I'm here still partly paralyzed.

  • But I'm here, so that's fear.

  • What about anger?

  • Wherever there's injustice, there's anger.

  • But anger is like gasoline, and if you spray it around and somebody lights a match, you've got an inferno.

  • But anger as an engine in an engine is powerful.

  • If we can put our anger inside an engine, it can drive us forward.

  • It can get us through the dreadful moments on it can give us really inner power.

  • And I learned this in my work with nuclear weapon policy makers because at the beginning I was so outraged at the dangers they were exposing us to that I just wanted to argue and blame and make them wrong, totally ineffective.

  • In order to develop a dialogue for change, we have to deal with our anger.

  • It's okay to be angry with the the thing, the nuclear weapons in this case.

  • But it is hopeless to be angry with the people.

  • They are human beings, just like us.

  • They're doing what they think is best, and that's the basis on which we have to talk with them.

  • So that's the 3rd 1 anger, and it brings me to the crux of what's going on or what I perceive is going on in the world today, which is that last century was.

in half a century of trying to help prevent wars.

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B1 中級

非暴力との戦い - サイラ・エルワージー (Fighting with non-violence - Scilla Elworthy)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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