字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント six minutes from BBC learning english dot com. Hello, Welcome to six minute grammar with Me Thing and Me, Sophie Hello in today's program, we're talking about the past simple tense when we use it, how we form it for regular verbs and we'll take a look at some irregular verbs, negative sentences on questions, and we'll finish as usual with the quiz. Okay, so let's get started. The past simple is a tense in English that we used to talk about an event that happened on Finished in the past. Here's Neal with our first example. Jack Dorsey invented Twitter in 2000 and six. Thanks, nail. Now we often finds the past simple. In stories like this, the boy started running suddenly. He stopped and listened. Wow! Sounds like an exciting story and it had three past simple verbs started, stopped on listened and they are all regular verbs. We make the past simple of regular verbs by adding an e onda de to the infinitive, so the past simple of start is started. The past simple of stop is stopped turned the past simple of listen is listened. Did you spot the difference in the pronunciation? There Yes, sometimes the e and the D At the end. Sounds like a terp. Ter. Listen, stopped, stopped. Sometimes it sounds more like it. It started, started or like a death. Listened. Listened. Let's hit all three again. Stopped, started, Listened, stopped, Started. Listened. Thanks, Neil. So listen out for those three different pronunciations off the past. Simple e d. Ending its simple, isn't it? Yes. Well, we are talking about the past. Simple but irregular verbs are not quite so simple. That's true. Can you give us some examples off? Irregular verbs, please. Kneel. I went to the interview yesterday and got the job. Very nice. Congratulations. And another one, please. Kurosawa made some wonderful films. So the past simple of go is went, get is got and make is made. Andi, I'm afraid you just have to learn irregular verbs. There is no one simple rule for them. But the good news is that the past simple is the same for all people. Yes, it's I got the job. You got the job. He got the job job. We got the job. They got the job. Everybody, Everybody. Six minutes from the BBC. Now for the past. Hank negatives and excuse me. Sophia, You Are you hungry? Yeah. Sorry, I didn't have breakfast this morning. Uh, you didn't have breakfast past simple negatives. This is simple. You just put Didn't in front of the main verb. That's right. Didn't plus the infinitive Makes a past simple negative. I didn't have breakfast this morning. Eso remember? It's not. I didn't had its I didn't have breakfast. I didn't have breakfast. I didn't have time. Now let's move on to past simple questions. Here's an example. Did you make that cake? It's delicious. Did someone say cake? Where? Sorry. Sorry, Sophie. It was just a example. So past simple questions. It's did plus subject Plus on infinitive. Did you make Let's hear that again with an answer this time. Did you make that cake? It's delicious. Yes, Yes, I did. Thank you. Or we could say no. I didn't for short answers. Just dropped the verb and used the subject with did or didn't. So it's Yes, I did or no, I didn't. Good. Now for a quiz I'll say a sentence in the present. Simple and you change it to the past. Simple. Here goes. We start work at 10 in the morning. Okay? In the past, simple. It's We started work at 10. In the morning. Great number two. Here's a sentence in the past. Simple. You have to make it negative. Ready? Scientists found a cure for the disease. And the answer is scientists didn't find a cure for the disease. Bond, Finally, I'll ask a past simple question. Can you give me a short answer? Sophie, did you have breakfast this morning? Did you have breakfast this morning? No, I didn't do the answer to that one. Or I could say yes, I did. Finn, what did you have for breakfast? Ah, well, I had cereal start. Start. I'm so hungry. There's more about this on our website.