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  • So maybe you're hanging out with your friends, and suddenly people start talking about the 16 personalities.

    友達と遊んでる時に、突然みんなが 16 種類の性格について話し始めるかもしれません。

  • Myers-Briggs, MBTI.


  • They start saying weird stuff like, "I'm an INFJ."

    変な事を言い出すんです。「私は INFJ 」とか。

  • "I'm an ENTP."

    「俺は ENTP 」とか。

  • And you're like, "What?"

    そんなの聞いたら 「何?」ってなりますよね。

  • Are we supposed to just all act like everybody knows what this gobbledygook means?


  • What do the letters mean?


  • The four letters, when people are talking about these personality types, I'm gonna explain it to you like you're five.

    性格のタイプについて話す際に耳にする4つのアルファベット、これについてお教えします。5 歳の子でもわかるように。

  • Okay, maybe not like you're five, but maybe like a smart ten year old.

    いや、5 歳ではないか。でも賢い 10 歳くらいの子に教える感じで。

  • The four letters that make up a personality type are just preferences, that's all, no big deal.

    性格のタイプを表す 4 つの文字は、単に優先傾向 (優先しがちなもの) を表します。それだけのこと。そんなたいそうなものではありません。

  • It's how you observe the world, and how you make decisions.


  • Each Myers-Briggs personality type has four letters in it, each of those letters has two options, that's two times two times two times two.

    マイヤーズ‐ブリッグズが示す性格のタイプは 4 つのアルファベットで表され、その 1 つ 1 つに 2 つの選択肢があります。つまり、2×2×2×2。

  • That's 16, boom.

    これで 16!

  • Honors Pre-calculus in 11th grade, yo.

    11 年生 (高校 2 年生) 微積準備コース 成績優秀者!

  • The first letter is I or E.

    1 文字目は ”I” か ”E”。

  • That stands for "introvert" or "extravert," easy enough, right?


  • Well, don't get too comfortable, 'cause that's the easiest one.


  • The next letter is S or N, which stands for "sensing" or "intuition."

    次の2文字目は ”S” か ”N”です。これは 「感覚型」か「直感型」を意味します。

  • I know, intuition starts with an "i," but the symbol is "N," it's confusing but just roll with it.

    そうです。”intuition”は ”i”で始まるのに ”N”になっていますね。ちょっとややこしいんですけど、そういうものなんだと思ってください。

  • Sensing and intuition are the ways that we make observations of the world around us.


  • Sensing is pretty easy, how do we observe the world with our five senses?


  • What are the facts?


  • What are the numbers?


  • Intuition is about what are the patterns at work here?


  • What are the higher-level concepts?


  • Everybody uses both sensing and intuition.


  • You couldn't make yourself a ham sandwich for lunch without both.


  • Could you... ah... maybe.


  • But you do have a preference at least 51 percent of the time of one over the other.

    でも、どちらかを優先する傾向は、少なくとも 51 パーセントはあるものなんです。

  • The third letter in the type is F or T, which stands for Feeling and Thinking, which are the two ways that we make decisions.

    3つ目の文字は ”F” か ”T” 。「感情型」と「思考型」を表しています。これは、意思決定の際の傾向です。

  • Feeling is not so much emotion, but value.


  • What value do I give something, is it good or bad?


  • Do I like it or not like it?


  • Making a decision based on feeling is like I'm gonna do this because I like it, or because other people like it.


  • Thinking, on the other hand, is logical, rational.


  • Does it make sense?


  • Does it work, is it true?


  • Making a decision with thinking is:


  • "I'm gonna do this because it just makes sense, it just works."


  • We all do both everyday, and the personality type isn't meant to put you in a box.


  • It's just meant to say a majority of the time, what do you prefer?


  • The fourth letter is J or P.

    4 つ目の文字は ”J” か ”P”。

  • Do you prefer John or Paul as your favorite Beatle?


  • Ha, ha, ha... just kidding.


  • No, J verses P is really "judging versus perceiving."

    ”J”と”P” は、「判断型と認知型」のことです。

  • And to be honest with you, this letter is like the least precise in its meaning, but let me try to give you a little bit of what it's going for.


  • So the P and J stand for perceiving and judging.

    ”P” と ”J” は、「認知型」 と 「判断型」 。

  • Perceiving meaning observations, judging meaning decisions.

    「認知」 は 「観察すること」、「判断」 は 「決定すること」を表します。

  • So, when you have a P type, generally when they're making decisions, they're looking at themselves first and foremost.

    つまり、タイプ P の場合、何かの決断を下す時はたいてい、真っ先に自分自身に目を向けます。

  • What do I think is the right decision here?


  • I'm gonna go with that.


  • P types also, when they're making observations, wanna gather as many as possible.

    また、タイプ P の人は、何か意見を述べる際に、可能な限りの情報を集めたいと考えます。

  • They don't wanna limit it, and they don't really wanna organize it either.


  • The J types, on the other hand, when they're making decisions, they wanna look around, and get a good cross-section of what everyone else thinks is the right decision to make here, and then they'll make it based off of that.

    一方、タイプ J の人は、何か決断を下す際、周りをよく見て、みんなの折衷案を採用し、それをもとに進めていくことが最良の決断だと考えます。

  • When making observations, the J types don't wanna take in a crap ton of observations, like the P types, they wanna limit it, and just chew on a few choice observations for awhile, organize them over and over.

    何か意見を述べる際、タイプ J の人は多くの所見を取り入れたいとは考えません。制限を設けて、いくつかの所見を選び出し、しばらく検討して、さらに繰り返し意見をまとめ直したいと考えます。

  • And this is why the J types, generally to the outside world, can look a bit more organized, and the P types can look like crazy, disorganized, their life is a mess.

    だからタイプ J の人は、世の中では一般的に、他の人よりもちゃんとしているように見えるし、タイプ P の人は少し変な人で、だらしない、波乱の人生を歩んでいるように見られます。

  • But they're having fun.


  • If this video helped you out, I'd love it if you gave it a thumbs up.


  • Share this video with a friend, if you care about your friends.


  • Now, if you wanna learn a bit more about what the flavor of each type is, check out these videos, which have funny stereotypes of each of the 16 personalities.


  • If you're interested in learning more about personality types, subscribe to my channel, man, 'cause that's what I talk about.


  • Thanks so much for watching, I appreciate you.


  • Until next time, stay cool and attractive.


So maybe you're hanging out with your friends, and suddenly people start talking about the 16 personalities.

友達と遊んでる時に、突然みんなが 16 種類の性格について話し始めるかもしれません。

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B1 中級 日本語 タイプ 決断 性格 直感 傾向 感覚

人の性格は 16 種類に分類される?4文字のアルファベットが表すものとは?(MBTI マイヤーズブリッグズ)(16 Personalities: What do the Letters Mean ? MBTI, Myers Briggs)

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    Seraya に公開 2020 年 07 月 13 日