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  • Hi, everybody. I'm Esther.

  • I'm so excited to be teaching you the present continuous tense in this video.

  • This tense is used to describe: an action that's happening right now,

  • a longer action in progress , and something happening in the near future.

  • There's a lot to learn, but don't worry I'll guide you through it.

  • Let's get started.

  • The present continuous tense is used to talk about actions that are happening right now.

  • For example,

  • 'I'm teaching English' and 'You are studying English.'

  • Let's take a look at some more examples.

  • The first sentence says, 'He is watching a movie'.

  • We start with the subject and a 'be' verb.

  • In this case, the subject is 'he'.

  • For 'he' / 'she' and 'it', we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • Then you'll notice I added an '-ing' to the end of the verb 'watch'.

  • 'He is watching a movie.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Tim is playing a computer game.'

  • He's doing that right now.

  • Tim is a 'he', therefore, again we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • And again you'll notice I added '-ing' to the end of the verb.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'The machine is making a noise.'

  • Now pay attention to the subject, 'the machine'.

  • What is the proper pronoun?

  • The answer is 'it', therefore we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • 'The machine is making a noise.'

  • We can also say, 'It is making a noise'. Or the contraction, 'It's making a noise'.

  • And finally, 'Tom and Ben are speaking English'.

  • In this case, you'll notice that we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • Can you figure out why?

  • That's because Tom and Ben - the subject pronoun for these two is 'they'.

  • 'They are speaking English.'

  • Let's move on to the next usage.

  • The present continuous tense is also used to describe a longer action in progress.

  • Even though you might not be doing the action right now.

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

  • The first sentence says,

  • 'I'm reading an interesting book these days.'

  • In this case, the subject is 'I', so the 'be' verb is 'am'.

  • In this example, we use the contraction 'I'm' by putting 'I' and 'am' together.

  • Again, you'll notice there's an '-ing' after the verb.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'You are studying to become an English teacher.'

  • The subject here is 'you',

  • therefore the 'be' verb is 'are'.

  • Next, 'Steven is preparing for the IELTS exam.'

  • The subject here is 'Steven' which is a 'he',

  • therefore we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • And finally, 'John and June are working at a company.'

  • If you look at the subject 'John and June', the pronoun for that is 'they'.

  • That's why we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • 'They are working at a company.'

  • Let's move on to the next usage.

  • The present continuous is also used to talk about near future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • 'She is meeting some friends tonight.'

  • That's going to happen in the near future.

  • You'll notice that we have 'she', so the 'be' verb is 'is'.

  • And then we added an '-ing' to the end of the verb 'meet'.

  • The next example says, 'We are going on vacation in July.'

  • The subject here is 'we', therefore we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • We can also use a contraction and say, 'We're going on vacation in July.'

  • Again, another near future plan.

  • The next example says,

  • 'David is learning to drive tomorrow.'

  • 'tomorrow' is the near future.

  • 'David' is the subject.

  • 'David' is a 'he', so we use 'is'.

  • And lastly, 'Vicki and I are teaching English next week.'

  • 'Vicky and I'… If we think about the subject pronoun is 'we'.

  • That's why we used 'are'. 'We are teaching.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about the negative form of the present continuous tense.

  • I have some examples here.

  • These two examples are for actions that are happening right now, or longer actions.

  • These last two are for near future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • The first sentence says, 'I am not having fun.'

  • Now that's not true for me because I am having fun,

  • but in this example I am not having fun.

  • You'll notice that the word 'not' goes between the 'be' verb and the 'verb -ing'.

  • In the second example it says, 'Jane isn't doing her homework.'

  • Here we use the contraction 'isn't' for 'is not',

  • so just like the first sentence, we put 'not' between 'is' and 'verb -ing'.

  • The next sentence says, 'You're not seeing him tonight.'

  • Here we have a contraction for 'you are'.

  • 'You're not seeing him tonight.'

  • And finally, 'We are not running tomorrow morning.'

  • Here we have the subject 'we', therefore, we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • Don't forget to add a 'not' after that to make it negative.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about how to form 'be' verb questions in the present continuous tense.

  • The first example here says,

  • 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • or 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • We start with the 'be' verb.

  • Take a look at the subject though.

  • The subject is 'he' and that's why we start with the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • You can answer, 'Yes, he is.' or 'No he isn't.'

  • The second sentence says,

  • 'Are you coming to class?'

  • The subject here is 'you' and that's why we start with 'are'.

  • 'Are you coming to class?'

  • You can answer, 'Yes I am.' or 'No, I'm not.'

  • The next question says, 'Is he preparing to study in Canada?'

  • The subject is 'he', and so we start with 'is'.

  • The answer can be, 'Yes, he is.' or it can also be 'No, he isn't.'

  • Finally the last question says, 'Are they going out tonight?'

  • The subject here is 'they', and so we start with 'are'.

  • The answer can be 'Yes, they are.' or 'No, they aren't.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about the WH question form for the present continuous tense.

  • I have some examples here

  • and you'll notice that we start with the WH questions:

  • what, where, when, who, why, and how.

  • What comes after?

  • You'll notice it's the 'be' verbs: 'are', 'is', and if the subject is 'I', 'am'.

  • So after that you have the subject and then the verb -ing.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'What are you doing?'

  • I'm asking about right now.

  • For example, 'I'm teaching English.'

  • 'Where are you going?' 'I'm going to the store.'

  • 'When is it starting?' 'It's starting at 3.'

  • I can be talking about a movie a show anything can be 'it'.

  • 'Who is she talking to?' 'She's talking to Bob.'

  • 'Why is she crying?' 'She's crying because she's sad.'

  • And finally, 'How is it going?' 'It's going well.'

  • Good job everyone! You just completed the lesson on the present continuous tense.

  • This tense is not easy, but you did a great job.

  • And keep watching to learn more.

  • I know English can be difficult but with practice and effort you will improve.

  • I promise.

  • See you in the next video.

Hi, everybody. I'm Esther.

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Learn Present Continuous Tense | English Grammar Course

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    Summer   に公開 2020 年 06 月 08 日
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