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  • Hi, everyone. I'm Esther.

  • Let's start a checkup for the present continuous tense.

  • There's a lot to learn, so let's get started.

  • For this checkup of the present continuous tense,

  • we'll look at how this tense can be used to describe an action that's happening right now.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'You -blank- learning English.'

  • Remember for this tense, we start with the subject and the 'be' verb

  • and then the verb '-ing'.

  • We already have the verb '-ing' here, so we need the 'be' verb.

  • The subject in the first sentence is 'you'.

  • For 'you', 'we', and 'they', we use the 'be' verb - 'are',

  • so the correct answer is,

  • 'You are learning English' right now.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'She _blank_ not watching TV.'

  • This is the negative form of the present continuous tense.

  • We have the word 'not' before the verb '-ing',

  • However, we're missing the 'be' verb again.

  • What is the be verb to use if the subject is 'she'?

  • the correct answer is 'is'.

  • 'She is not watching TV.'

  • This one says, 'I _blank_ studying now.'

  • The subject here is 'I'.

  • Again think of the 'be' verb that goes before the subject 'I'.

  • The 'be' verb is 'am'.

  • 'I am studying now.'

  • We can also use a contraction and say, 'I'm studying now'

  • If we wanted to turn this into the negative form,

  • we can also say, 'I'm not studying now.'

  • Now, take a look at the next sentence and find the mistake.

  • 'Layla is watch a movie.'

  • Here we have the subject and the subject pronoun for Layla would be 'she'.

  • We have the correct 'be' verb - 'is',

  • However, you'll notice we forgot the '-ing' at the end of the verb.

  • We need to say, 'watching'.

  • 'Layla is watching a movie.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'They playing soccer now.'

  • What's missing?

  • If you got it the correct answer is we need the 'be' verb – 'are'

  • because the subject is 'they'.

  • 'They are playing soccer now.'

  • And finally, 'What do you do?'

  • If you want to ask somebody what they're doing right now,

  • you say, 'what'... and the 'be' verb – 'are... you.. doing?'

  • 'What are you doing?'

  • Let's move on to the next practice.

  • For this checkup we'll talk about the present continuous tense

  • and how it can be used to describe an action that started in the past and continues today.

  • It's a longer action.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'He _blank_ studying economics.'

  • Remember for this tense, we take the subject, a 'be' verb, and then verb '-ing'.

  • Here we already have the verb '-ing', 'studying'.

  • So what are we missing?

  • The 'be' verb.

  • The correct 'be' verb for the subject 'he' is 'is'.

  • So, 'He is studying economics.'

  • The next sentence says, 'They're _blank_ for the fight.'

  • The verb we want to use is 'train'.

  • Now we already have the 'be' verb here.

  • It's in the contraction 'there' because it's 'they are'.

  • All we have to do now is add '-ing' to the verb.

  • 'They're training for the fight these days.'

  • And 'We _blank_ teaching at the school.'

  • Again we're missing the 'be' verb.

  • What is the 'be' verb for 'we'?

  • The correct answer is 'are'.

  • 'We are teaching at the school.'

  • Now let's look for the mistakes in the next sentence.

  • 'Ben is study to become a doctor.'

  • Can you find the error?

  • Well we have the subject and we have the proper 'be verb'.

  • What we're missing is the '-ing' at the end of 'study'.

  • The correct answer is, 'Ben is studying to become a doctor'.

  • Let's look at the next sentence.

  • 'I don't reading that book.'

  • hmm

  • 'I don't reading that book.'

  • To form the negative in the present continuous, we don't use 'do' or 'does'

  • We use the 'be' verb. What is the be verb for 'I'?

  • The correct answer is 'am'.

  • 'I am not reading that book.'

  • There is no contraction for 'am not'.

  • Finally, 'They are to learn English.'

  • We have the subject and we have the correct 'be' verb,

  • but remember we need verb '-ing'.

  • Therefore, the correct answer is,

  • 'They are learning English.'

  • Let's move on to the next checkup.

  • For this checkup we'll take a look at how the present continuous tense

  • can be used to talk about future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • The first sentence says, 'They're play a game tonight.'

  • The verb we want to use is 'play'.

  • Remember we start with the subject and here we have it, 'they'.

  • Then we have the 'be' verb.

  • In this case we used a contraction for 'they are – 'they're'.

  • That's correct.

  • After that we have to add '-ing' to the end of the verb,

  • so the correct answer is, 'They're playing a game tonight.'

  • The next sentence says, 'We _blank_ not studying tomorrow.'

  • Looks good but there's a word that's missing.

  • This is the negative form because we have 'not'.

  • We simply need the 'be' verb for 'we'.

  • The correct 'be' verb is 'are'. 'We are not studying tomorrow.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Lynn is _blank_ out tonight.'

  • and we want to use the verb 'go'.

  • Remember 'Lynn' and then the 'be' verb – 'is'.

  • That's correct. All we have to do is add '-ing'.

  • 'Lynn is going out tonight.'

  • To make this negative you can say,

  • 'Lynn is not going out tonight.' or 'Lynn isn't going out tonight.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Laura isn't study this evening.'

  • Can you find the mistake?

  • Remember we have to add '-ing' to the end of the verb,

  • so we need to say,

  • 'Laura isn't studying this evening.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'My sons will playing chess later.'

  • We are talking about a future plan,

  • so you might be tempted to use 'well' or 'will', I'm sorry.

  • However, instead of saying 'will', we use the 'be' verb.

  • 'My sons are playing chess later.'

  • And finally, 'She's not to eating dinner tonight.'

  • There's an extra word in here that we don't need.

  • What is it?

  • It's 'to'.

  • Remember, subject - 'be' verb, not verb '-ing'.

  • We do not need 'to' in this sentence.

  • All right well that's the end of this checkup.

  • Let's move on.

  • Good job, everyone.

  • You just completed the lesson on the present continuous tense.

  • This tense is not easy but you did a great job.

  • And keep watching to learn more.

  • I know English can be difficult but with practice and effort you will improve.

  • I promise.

  • See you in the next video.

Hi, everyone. I'm Esther.

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A2 初級

現在進行形の練習|英文法コースチェックアップ (Practice Present Continuous Tense | English Grammar Course Checkup)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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