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  • When Jane Austen published Pride and Prejudice anonymously on January 29, 1813,

  • who could've imagined that over 200 years later,

  • it would be one of the most cherished novels of English literature?

  • Pride and Prejudice has inspired countless film and TV adaptations,

  • spin-offs, sequels, and modern retellings,

  • so in this video, we're going to take a look at four English-language

  • on-screen adaptations and how they compare to the novel.

  • This is Pride and Prejudice By the Book.

  • "It's no use. I've struggled in vain.

  • I must tell you how much I admire and love you."

  • The first Hollywood feature film adaptation of Pride and Prejudice

  • was released in July of 1940.

  • Shown in theaters ahead of America's involvement in the Second World War,

  • the film featured a romanticized view ofOld England

  • while minimizing the novel's emphasis on class distinctions.

  • If you're wondering why Elizabeth Bennet looks more like Scarlett O'Hara here,

  • it's because the filmmakers made significant changes to the story

  • to further appeal to their audience.

  • This included moving the time period some 40 years ahead,

  • allowing them to showcase the costumes inspired by Victorian era fashions.

  • And with the incredible success of Gone with the Wind,

  • which the studio had released just months before,

  • it was determined that these extravagant dresses would look better on screen.

  • "Look, Mama! Lady Lucas's carriage!"

  • "Pass them, Batings! Pass them!”

  • New scenes were invented for the film and major plot points radically revised

  • to incorporate elements of the screwball comedies that were so popular in the 1930s.

  • One of the first major plot changes takes place at the Assembly ball,

  • which combines several events from the novel.

  • Here, Elizabeth meets Wickham and dances with him before Darcy and the Bingleys even arrive.

  • This is a huge change from the sequence of events in the novel

  • and it affects the dynamics between the characters.

  • "Yes, she looks tolerable enough.

  • But I'm in no humor tonight to be of consequence to the middle classes at play."

  • Because the film also combines later events from the book,

  • Darcy asks Elizabeth to dance just minutes after insulting her.

  • Not surprisingly, she refuses.

  • "I'm afraid that the honor of standing up with you, Mr. Darcy, is more than I can bear."

  • However, she does accept Wickham's invitation to dance almost immediately afterwards.

  • This sassy response would have been considered highly improper during Austen's time

  • and never appeared in the book.

  • Naturally, though, adapting a 300-page book for a two-hour movie

  • will call for combining and condensing major plot points.

  • The challenge is being able to capture the essence of the novel

  • and maintain the overall narrative arc.

  • Some characters don't make it into this film at all

  • and neither does Elizabeth's visit to Pemberley.

  • Although the screenplay keeps some of the more famous dialogue,

  • it also, in some ways, fundamentally changes the characters.

  • For instance, we see a much more personable and charming Darcy, as portrayed by Laurence Olivier,

  • while Greer Garson's Elizabeth is more strong-willed and sarcastic.

  • At the Netherfield ball turned garden party, the screenplay has Darcy rescue Elizabeth

  • from Mr. Collins by lying to him.

  • "Do you happen to know Miss Elizabeth Bennet?"

  • "I do, sir."

  • "Has she - has she passed this way, may I ask?"

  • "No, sir. She has not passed this spot."

  • Although entertaining, this exchange would have been uncharacteristic of the Darcy from the novel

  • who prides himself on his honesty and lack of pretense.

  • And later, we have Lady Catherine de Bourgh transformed into a matchmaker

  • who deliberately brings Darcy and Elizabeth together.

  • "What you need is a woman who will stand up to you.

  • I think you've found her."

  • In the end, the 1940 film definitely diverges from the novel

  • in favor of the studio's signature glitz and glamour,

  • but this fun adaptation features splendid costumes, witty banter,

  • and of course, the iconic love story.

  • "In vain have I struggled.

  • It will not do, my feelings will not be repressed.

  • You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you.”

  • This five-episode miniseries is the fifth BBC television adaptation of Pride and Prejudice.

  • The BBC's history with the novel stretches back to 1924,

  • when they broadcast an excerpt of Pride and Prejudice on radio for the first time.

  • Unlike the earlier studio-bound TV productions with fixed cameras,

  • the 1980 series utilized moving cameras, outdoor locations, and a musical score.

  • The screenplay established it as one of the most faithful versions of the novel

  • since it kept the majority of the original text and storylines.

  • However, there are a few notable changes,

  • including a more feminist interpretation of the plot and dialogue.

  • For instance, while the novel starts off with a conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet,

  • Elizabeth's wittiness and Charlotte's pragmatism take center stage in the adaptation.

  • "A single man in possession of a good fortune coming to live at Netherfield."

  • "It is a truth universally acknowledged that such a man must be in want of a wife."

  • "Of course."

  • The screenplay especially gives attention to the female characters

  • and their character development, at the expense of the male characters.

  • "Even after twenty years, my mother still fails to understand him.

  • Her mind is less difficult to comprehend."

  • Because Jane Austen used the third person omniscient voice in Pride and Prejudice

  • to relate the characters' thoughts and feelings,

  • the screenwriter tries to incorporate this narration through dialogue,

  • as well as long, internal monologues.

  • As far as changes to the plot, there are just a few.

  • One example is the scene after Elizabeth learns of Lydia's elopement.

  • As soon as she finishes reading Jane's letter,

  • she apparently runs the distance of several miles to Pemberley,

  • bursting into Darcy's drawing room in search of her uncle.

  • In this case, Elizabeth is the one who seeks Darcy out, and not the other way around.

  • Overall, the 1980 production stays true to the book

  • and includes various scenes from the novel that are not found in other adaptations.

  • It is fairly consistent in using costumes based on fashions from the early 1800s,

  • and although it doesn't have the big-budget production values of later versions,

  • this entertaining adaptation does its best

  • to present an accurate portrayal of the characters of Pride and Prejudice.

  • In vain I have struggled. It will not do.

  • My feelings will not be repressed.

  • You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you.”

  • In 1995, BBC collaborated with the A&E network to release the acclaimed six-episode adaptation

  • of Pride and Prejudice that would become a cultural phenomenon.

  • The miniseries is faithful to the original text

  • in that it covers most of the major plot points and retains much of the dialogue,

  • while also bringing the Regency era setting and characters to life.

  • What especially sets the award-winning series apart from earlier adaptations

  • is the introduction of the male perspective on events in the novel, right from the opening scene.

  • This series also takes time to focus specifically on Darcy,

  • showing scenes of him riding, fencing,

  • tracking down Lydia and Wickham through the streets of London,

  • and of course, the iconic lake scene.

  • "Mr. Darcy!"

  • Colin Firth's performance of Darcy as a sympathetic hero struggling with his feelings for Elizabeth

  • captured the attention of millions around the world.

  • And Jennifer Ehle's expressiveness subtly conveyed Elizabeth's intelligence and exuberance.

  • The supporting actors were also given the chance to add further depth to their characters.

  • "I long for a ball, and so does Denny."

  • "And Sanderson. Don't you Sanderson?"

  • "I do indeed.

  • Most passionately."

  • Scenes of everyday life and other period details help to immerse the viewer into their story,

  • showing characters going about their everyday routines, whether they were getting dressed,

  • getting ready for bed, or interacting with servants.

  • The attention to historical detail also ensured that the characters looked and acted realistically

  • according to the time period.

  • The costume designer created clothing that was authentic, yet attractive for the modern era,

  • and would complement the actors' as well as their characters' personalities.

  • To this day, the 1995 version of Pride and Prejudice

  • is considered to be the gold standard of book adaptations

  • for being able to capture the spirit of the novel and also balance its satire and romance.

  • Not only did it renew interest in Jane Austen's life and literary works,

  • it also inspired many to create their own Austenian love stories.

  • I've fought against my better judgment, my family's expectation,

  • the inferiority of your birth, my rank and circumstance, all these things,

  • but I'm willing to put them aside and ask you to end my agony."

  • "I don't understand."

  • "I love you."

  • 65 years after the release of the first feature film adaptation of Pride and Prejudice,

  • Keira Knightley and Matthew Macfadyen step into the lead roles.

  • Marketed to a younger audience, the film features a more creative interpretation of the text,

  • emphasizing the romance and drama.

  • With limited screen time, the director and screenwriter faced the challenge of condensing the story

  • as well as the added pressure of matching up to the popular BBC version.

  • To differentiate itself visually, the film is supposed to be set in the 1790s,

  • around the time that Jane Austen finished her first draft of Pride and Prejudice,

  • originally titled First Impressions.

  • The film uses various ways to emphasize the relative poverty of the Bennets

  • compared to Darcy and his companions.

  • The livestock and laundry on clothesline around the Bennets' home portray a greater contrast

  • between the social standings of the protagonists.

  • The natural world is also used to reflect and intensify Elizabeth and Darcy's emotions.

  • A number of minor characters and plot points from the novel were cut

  • in order to emphasize the main love story.

  • Even some of the major characters in the novel,

  • who are vital to the development and resolution of the conflict,

  • end up with smaller roles in the film.

  • We also see a change in the dynamics within the Bennet family

  • as well as in Elizabeth's friendships with Jane and Charlotte.

  • "So don't judge me, Lizzy, don't you dare judge me!"

  • Similar to what happened with the 1940 film, the costumes and hairstyles were adjusted

  • to appeal to new audiences and also to complement the story.

  • Elizabeth's appearance often shows her tomboyish nature,

  • whereas Caroline Bingley is always dressed in the height of fashion.

  • In contrast, Mrs. Bennet and Lady Catherine are shown in fashions of the past

  • to reflect what they would've worn in their younger years.

  • And finally, Mr. Darcy's clothing is used to symbolize his character change

  • as he falls in love with Elizabeth.

  • To sum up, the dialogue, behavior, and costumes in the 2005 film all feature a contemporary twist,

  • giving viewers a glimpse into Georgian society through a modern lens.

  • "So what do you recommend, to encourage affection?"

  • "Dancing. Even if one's partner is barely tolerable."

  • In addition to the portrayal of a more feisty and rebellious Elizabeth,

  • the beautiful locations and thoughtful cinematography

  • bring the world of Pride and Prejudice to a new generation.

  • All of these adaptations of Pride and Prejudice

  • seek to tell the tale of self-discovery and true love.

  • The novel's themes of love and marriage, class and reputation, prejudice and pride,

  • continue to be relevant and relatable across cultures.

  • Although the four mentioned in this video are considered to be straight adaptations

  • of the novel, we can see how the story has been adapted for each audience and era.

  • The influence of Pride and Prejudice continues to be evident in movies, television, and books,

  • resulting in a story that has been retold in so many different ways.

  • Where will writers take Jane Austen's classic novel next?

  • We'll just have to wait and see.

  • Which Pride and Prejudice adaptation is your favorite?

  • Let us know in the comments below and subscribe to catch our next video!

  • Thanks for watching!

When Jane Austen published Pride and Prejudice anonymously on January 29, 1813,

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本 vs. 映画。映画とテレビの中の高慢と偏見(1940年、1980年、1995年、2005年 (Book vs. Movie: Pride and Prejudice in Film & TV (1940, 1980, 1995, 2005))

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    Vera に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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