字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント - Eat Sleep Dreamers welcome back to another lesson with me, Tom, and Grace. - Hi! - Welcome back. I can't wait, we're gonna dive into five differences between British and American English pronunciation. Alright so, we are here to look at the difference between British and American English pronunciation. I am from London, so I am going to be giving the British English examples. Grace, you are from Hong Kong? - I am from Hong Kong. I'm not American, but I have a North American accent. - That's right. - That's right. So it's kind of a combination between an American, a pan-American accent and a sort of Canadian-ish accent? - Alright let's get straight into number one, yod dropping. - Okay. - Yod dropping, what an amazing phrase. - Sounds like a dance move that people are doing now. - Ahhh, we're all doing the yod drop. - Yeah we're all doing. - Are you doin' the yod drop? So yod dropping, also sounds like an animal leaving it's excrement everywhere. - Yes exactly. - Yod dropping-- - Look that dog just yod dropped. - He just yod dropped. - Okay. - So yod dropping is when you take out the yuh sound. Okay, so can you say this word for me? - Tuna. - Huh, and I would say tuna. - Tuna. - Tuna. So as you can see that the yuh sound is in the British accent, right, so tuna, but you would say? - Tuna. - Tuna, right, so it's gone. Another example-- - Well it wasn't, it's not supposed to be there in the first place I think. - Yeah okay fair play. Yeah, alright. Maybe we add it, maybe that's the thing here. - Yeah, yeah you add it. - Next word, opportunity. - Opportunity. - Opportunity. - Opportunity. - Okay, this social media platform. YouTube. - YouTube. - Ah hah, tube. - YouTube. - Tube. Interesting. - Tube. - So this happens when we have a consonant like t or d, and then the u after it. - Okay. - Alright, so if you look at all of those examples: tuna, tu, opportunity tu, YouTube tu. Du, um, due. - K. Due. - Due. - It's due tomorrow, yeah. - It's due tomorrow, your essay is due tomorrow, okay. - Yeah. - Due. - Due. - Due. Due tomorrow. - Due. - Producer. - Producer. - Producer. Duty. - Duty. - She said duty. - Yeah, you said duty. - We're gonna give you guys an example of a sentence to show you how it's different. - Okay. There is a great opportunity at YouTube to be a producer. - Okay. There is a great opportunity at YouTube to be a producer. Okay, number two. This one is a funny little one, it's just a tiny change but it's quite significant. So, the a to eh. - Okay. - It's when you've got, like an A-R-R-Y. - Okay. - So, Prince Harry, is? - Prince Harry. - What? - Prince Harry. - Like hairy. - That's-- - It sounds like hairy, to me. - Alright, alright. - Prince. - Prince Harry, yeah. - Prince Harry. - Yeah. - Harry. - Harry. - So hah. - Harry. - Harry. - Harry Potter. - Right, okay so yeah I was gonna do another one, yeah. Harry Potter. - Harry Potter. - Oh god. - We're gonna get onto ts in a minute, oh no. - Harry Potter. Harry Potter; okay you do it. - Harry Potter. Harry Potter, Harry, right? Okay, marry. - Marry. - That's Merry, like- - Marry. - Merry as in like Merry Christmas. - No, marry, they married yesterday at the church. Married. - Whoa. - Marry. - Marry, yeah. - No. - Okay, carry. - Carry. - Carry? - Yeah. - There's an-- - Yeah. - There's a name Carrie, like. - Like Carrie, yeah. - But, carry, that's cr. I don't understand. - What don't you understand? It's how I speak, it's how we speak. - It's how we speak. - Yeah. - Alright, fair enough. Also, embarrassed. - Embarrassed. - Embarrassed. - Embarrassed. Yeah. - So strange. - So very slight, you do the a, and-- - Yeah, yeah. - Yeah. I guess I sort of flatten it into an eh. - Eh, okay let's say the sentence. When Prince Harry got married he carried Meghan Markle all the way home. - When Prince Harry got married he carried Meghan Markle all the way home. - Thank you. - You're welcome. - Okay, this one we've talked about a lot before, is the r sound. - Yeah. It's so much more pronounced in American English, right? - Yeah. Because there's an r in there that should be pronounced. - Well. We don't always pronounce all the letters. - Yeah, no. - So car in British English. - Car. - Car. - Car. - Car. - Park. - Park. - Park. - Park. - Horse. - Horse. - Again? - Horse. - Horse. - Horse. - Okay, let's do this sentence. Why did you park your car so far away? - Why did you park your car so far away? - Again, do that again. - Why did you park your car so far away? - Why did you park your car so far away? That's terrible. - Why did you park your car so far away? - Alright so, yeah, the r clearly-- - Yes. - Much more pronounced in American English. Okay number four is the sound, what for British English is the o, and in American English is oh. - Oh. Now the key here, let's take the word go for example. Go, I'm making that sound kind of at the front of my mouth. - Okay. - Whereas in American English. - Go. - You are creating it where? - Here, I guess, the back of my-- - Yes, further back, right? So, and that speaks to the mouth position as well. So, go. - Go. Yeah I suppose when I try to say, do that, however badly I try to do it. - Yeah. The sound is coming from the front of my tongue, because so it's kinda like go. 'Cause I'm, as the sound comes out it gets filtered. - Go, get set, go. - But, whereas when I say go, the o is created here. - At the back, right. So, take the word throw. - Throw. - Uh huh, know. - Know. - Rio. - Rio. - Uh huh. - It's a very subtle difference. - Really subtle difference. And maybe one that a lot of learner's of English might not hear first time. Let's put it into a sentence. See if they can hear this. - Let's go to Rio with Cleo. - Let's go to Rio with Cleo. - Let's go to Rio with Cleo. - Let's go to Rio with Cleo. - The last one, and my favorite, is the tuh sound. We talked about this before, - Yeah. we always have a laugh about this. - Yes. Can you say the wizard, the name of the wizard, created by J.K Rowling? - Toto. No that's the dog. The wizard. That's the dog from Wizard of Oz. - Oh my goodness. - Sorry, say what, what am I trying to-- - The character created by J.K Rowling. - Oh, right, okay, the other one, Harry Potter. - Say it again? - Harry Potter. - Potter. - Potter, how do you say it? - Potter. - Harry Potter. - Yeah, okay. So I've spoken about this quite a lot before, we have, there's two ways for us to say it. We say it with a true t, so Potter. Or, with the glottal t, Potter. And that's when we hold back the sound. It's like a Pott-er. So either we say it with a true t, tuh, like Harry Potter, or with the glottal t, Harry Potter. - Yeah. - Can you do that for me? - Which one? - The glottal t. - Harry Potter. - What? - Harry Potter. - Harry Potter. - Harry Potter needs to go to Hogwarts. - Yeah, he's gonna have some water. - Water, he's gonna have some water. - Right, but in American English, we've got uh? - Yeah, we kind of soften the t into a d. - Let's put those words side by side and you can hear the difference in sounds. So water. - Water. - And with glottal t, water. - Water. - Daughter. - Daughter. - Hotter. - Hotter. - Just really quickly with the glottal t, it's important to know that we use the glottal t when the t is in the middle position of a word or at the end of a word. But never at the beginning. So 'cause I've gotten a word like time, I would never go like ime, that would be ridiculous. Okay let's put it into a sentence so we can compare the sounds. - Okay. Harry Potter drank some hot water. - Harry Potter drank some hot water. - Okay let's do it again. Harry Potter drank some hot water. - Harry Potter drank some hot water. - I'm gonna do it with the glottal t. Harry Potter drank some hot water. - Harry Potter drank some hot water. Okay, sorry, lemme do it properly. - So bad. - Harry Potter drank some hot water. - No, with the glottal t, try the glottal t again. - Harry Potter drank some hot water. - So bad. - That's exactly how you sound like. - Yeah. - That's how you sound like. - Okay so those are five differences between British and American English, the pronunciation. There are loads more. Yeah? - Yep. - Maybe we'll do another video if you like this one, looking at five more differences in sounds. Grace, thank you again for joining me. - Thank you. - An absolute pleasure. And we'll see you guys again, real soon. This Tom and Grace, say goodbye. - Bye!