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  • The choice of Hanoi for Kim Jong Un's second summit with U.S. President Donald Trump holds

  • particular significance for the North Korean leader.

  • Vietnam and the U.S., once military enemies, are now partners in trade.

  • That history could offer Kim a road map for making peace with the world's mightiest superpower.

  • And Kim is reported to have already discussed Vietnam-style reforms to transform his country's

  • dilapidated economy.

  • This is your Bloomberg QuickTake on why North Korea is looking for lessons from Vietnam.

  • Vietnam has much in common with North Korea.

  • Both fought wars with the U.S. and both are among the few nations that retain communist elements.

  • In the '80s, both had poor-performing state-led economies and experienced the shock of aid

  • and trade loss when the Soviet Union fell.

  • But how they responded set them on different paths.

  • The Vietnamese government introduced market-led economic reforms, downsized its military,

  • improved relations with the U.S., and opened itself to the world for aid, investment and trade.

  • Since then, Vietnam has completed more than a dozen free trade agreements as it embraced

  • a “socialist-oriented market economyand welcomed international companieslike

  • South Korean tech giant Samsung, which has brought more than 100,000 jobs to Vietnam.

  • And it's paying off.

  • Average annual incomes in Vietnam rose to almost $2,600 in 2018, from about $400 in 2000.

  • Vietnam now has one of the highest GDP growth rates in the world.

  • North Korea on the other hand, has one of the lowest.

  • That's because the North Korean government headed in a much different direction.

  • It adopted isolationist, self-reliant economic policies, increased military tensions by pursuing

  • a nuclear weapons program and took a confrontational approach toward the U.S.

  • Although its economy was stronger than South Korea's in many areas through the '70s,

  • North Korea has fallen rapidly behind and suffered devastating famines since then.

  • Now, the average annual North Korean income is estimated to be just under $1,300 — less

  • than a 20th of South Korea's.

  • But there is a glimmer of hope for the crumbling North Korean economy.

  • Kim has declared a “new strategic linewhich prioritizes economic development.

  • This includes improving relations with the international community and opening special

  • economic zones.

  • Since Kim took power in 2011, the number of these zonesdesignated to promote manufacturing

  • and tradehas increased fivefold to 27.

  • In 2018 he started visiting country leaders, starting with Xi Jinping in China, followed

  • by many other diplomatic trips.

  • Kim's regime seems intent on an economic turnaround and Vietnam offers a route to follow.

  • The country even sent its foreign minister to North Korea with the message that it stands

  • ready to share its experience.

The choice of Hanoi for Kim Jong Un's second summit with U.S. President Donald Trump holds

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北朝鮮がベトナムから学べること (What North Korea Can Learn From Vietnam)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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