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  • Hello, lovely people, and welcome to the final video in my Disability History Month series.

  • So far, I've profiled two famous disabled figures from history:

  • Helen Keller and Queen Alexandra, as chosen by you;

  • and my lovely wife and I have held two live streams talking about different disability issues.

  • You can find the links to those videos in the description down below.

  • And if you're not already subscribed, then do make sure you do,

  • because I have lots of great content planned.

  • Also subscribe if you like ASMR because apparently that's a thing my voice does without me realising.

  • Thank you for letting me know, I'm glad I could help you in that way.

  • In today's video, we're going to be talking about Frida Kahlo,

  • an artist who wasn't afraid to tackle social issues,

  • sexual identity, political activism

  • and non- conformity.

  • This choice was suggested by a number of people,

  • but mainly inspired by my other favourite, queer, disabled, latinx person:

  • Annie Elainey, whose video on Frida you can also find in the description.

  • Born in Mexico in 1907, Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo...y ...Calderón... Calderen?

  • Calder... Calder... It's got a thing above the 'o'!

  • Calder...er..er... Calder

  • Why is the deaf girl attempting to pronounce things that she has never heard?!

  • Hold on. CLARA!

  • J: Hi.

  • Clara: Hi.

  • J: You're gonna pronounce stuff for me. Clara: All right.

  • J: The whole way through this video.

  • Clara: OK, got it. J: That's your task, OK?

  • Clara: Great job! J: Have fun.

  • Clara: Go for it? OK.

  • J: Thanks!

  • You can go now!

  • Clara: Bye! J: That was it.

  • Frida was born in a tiny blue house called La Casa Azul,

  • where she would live on and off her whole life.

  • Her father, [Clara's voice] Guillermo Kahlo, [Jessica] was German but became a naturalised Mexican,

  • and her mother, [Clara's voice] Matilde Calderón, [Jessica] who was a [Clara's voice] Mestiza,

  • [Jessica] which is an old-fashioned term to mean a person of combined Spanish and Native-American descent--

  • erm, the term is an ethnic racial category in the Caster System

  • that was in use during the Spanish Empire.

  • But, according to my research, it's now more of a cultural term for mainstream Latin Americans,

  • regardless of their actual ancestry.

  • That's just according to my research... I don't know;

  • I live in England.

  • Please do let me know if that's not the case, however

  • - as you may be able to tell: very British!

  • Frida had three sisters: [Clara's voice] Matilde, Adriana and Cristina

  • [Jessica] and two older half-sisters: [Clara's voice] Luisa and Margarita

  • [To Clara] I'm just making you say things for fun now!

  • By the time she was six, Frida had contracted Polio, which caused her to be bedridden for over nine months

  • and left her with one leg shorter than the other.

  • Polio is a virus which may cause paralysis and is now easily preventable

  • by VACCINATION!

  • ['Sparkly' sound effect]

  • Of course, this didn't stop her, and she got outspoken and brave.

  • Her father encouraged her not to be pigeonholed by other people as being incapable,

  • but instead do whatever she wanted,

  • encouraging her to engage in a number of sports, including swimming, boxing, wrestling and football.

  • Which is not only impressive because no one thought "the disabled kid" could do it,

  • but also because they didn't think a woman could

  • or should!

  • What, are we just meant to drown?!

  • In 1922, she enrolled in The National Preparatory High School in Mexico,

  • where she wanted to study medicine.

  • Here she met future Mexican intellectuals and artists

  • who had revolutionary ideas.

  • She joined the group [Clara's voice] Los Cachuchas, [Jessica] named after the caps they wore.

  • They defined themselves as a political group

  • who were critical of authorities and injustice.

  • At the age of around fifteen, Frida saw a man, [Clara's voice] Diego Rivera,

  • [Jessica] painting a mural at her school

  • and remarked to a friend that she would one day marry him.

  • Despite him being twenty years older than her

  • and already an adult.

  • On September 17th, 1925, when she was just eighteen years old,

  • a bus Frida was riding in collided with a streetcar and she was seriously injured.

  • A handrail impaled her hip, and her spine and pelvis were fractured.

  • She was in incredible pain

  • and the accident left her in a full body cast for three months.

  • Forever after, she often required a body brace.

  • Her helpful parents refused to let her waste away or get bored,

  • so they bought her paints and built her an easel that she could use in bed

  • - and quite honestly, that easel is genius and I suddenly really, really want one.

  • She developed her painting style whilst lying flat

  • and continued to grow as an artist.

  • In 1928, Diego Rivera, the man Frida had sworn to marry,

  • discovered her paintings and was very taken with the artist.

  • They were married one year later.

  • Not everyone approved, however, and they were often referred to as "the elephant and the dove."

  • Although I'm sure affectionately by some people?

  • Because calling your tall, obese friend an elephant is totally OK, right?!

  • Frida often travelled with Diego, as he was commissioned for murals throughout the United States.

  • She was often seen in New York with her signature bright, beautiful clothing

  • accented with gold, which celebrated her Mexican heritage.

  • Even though doctors had told Frida she could not have a child because of her injuries,

  • she became pregnant in 1930.

  • However, because of her unstable spine, and the baby's position,

  • her pregnancy had to be terminated.

  • Both Frida and Diego had several affairs,

  • and people seemed to really harp on the fact that Diego had one with Frida's sister,

  • but that's pretty boring considering Firda actually had a number of relationships with other women.

  • Not something every history book will tell you because:

  • [Clara's voice] Queer erasure!

  • That's a thing!

  • I thought it would sound less painful in the Spanish accent, but no.

  • Still hurts.

  • I mentioned earlier that Frida was known for her Mexican shawls and dresses,

  • but on occasion she would also cross-dress,

  • wearing trousers and a shirt; later cutting her hair short.

  • I mean, it's not really shocking now, but it was back then.

  • There were rumours of affairs with French entertainer Josephine Baker;

  • American artist Georgia O'Keeffe

  • (yes, she of the rather revealing flower portraits);

  • and Mexican folk singer [Clara's voice] Chavela Vargas

  • J: Thanks, Clara.

  • J: According to Josephine Baker's biography,

  • the two of them met following a performance in Paris, and came out to each other as bisexual,

  • going on...to be lovers.

  • I get so excited about this!

  • For history!

  • American artist Georgia O'Keeffe met Frida in New York,

  • who then bragged to friends about flirting with Georgia.

  • The two corresponded often and there's a line in the letter from Frida to Georgia that reads:

  • "I thought of you a lot and never forget your wonderful hands

  • and the colour of your eyes.

  • I would be so happy if you could write to me, even two words.

  • I like you very much Georgia."

  • In an unpublished letter to a friend, Frida wrote:

  • "O'Keeffe was in the hospital for three months!

  • She didn't make love to me at that time; I think on account of her weakness,"

  • which I'm taking to mean: she did when she wasn't weak?!

  • [Clara's voice] Chavela Vargas

  • Clara: Oh, why do I have to say this again? Just use the first time!

  • [Clara's voice] Chavela Vargas

  • J: ...was a singer, originally form Costa Rica,

  • who sang Mexican Folk songs originally sung by men

  • and changed none of the pronouns!

  • She came out as a lesbian in her autobiography when she was eighty-one years old!

  • She and Frida became [suggestively] involved in the 1940s

  • and Chavela moved in with Frida and Diego for a time.

  • Frida once told her: "I live only for you...

  • and Diego."

  • Ladies loving ladies - could this possibly be more exciting?!

  • Disabled lady-loving ladies!

  • I'm excited even if you're not.

  • In 1939, Frida went to Paris, where she met [Clara's voice] Joan Miro and Pablo Picasso,

  • [Jessica] who became fans of her work.

  • She was such a success that France's most famous museum and gallery, the Louvre,

  • bought one of Frida's paintings.

  • That was the first by a 20th century Mexican artist EVER purchased by them.

  • That same year, Frida and Diego...got divorced

  • after she again became pregnant and had to have an abortion.

  • She then had an affair with the Communist leader Leon Trotsky,

  • who, whilst exiled from the Soviet Union, lived with Frida in the Blue House.

  • He was then assasinated

  • and Frida was blamed, then arrested.

  • A year later, Frida and Diego reconciled; getting married again.

  • Frida's fame grew, but her health continued to deteriorate,

  • as told through this painting: The Broken Column

  • from 1944.

  • Ha, chronic pain makes you feel like you've got nails in your face and you can't hold yourself together!

  • In 1950, she got gangrene in her left foot,

  • which is dead tissue caused by an infection or lack of blood flow,

  • and was in bed for nine months.

  • Again!

  • Oh, I feel that pain!

  • Eventually, she had part of her leg amputated

  • but she continued to create and stay politically active.

  • In 1953, she had a solo exhibit and on the opening day she had her bed delivered to the gallery

  • and (!)

  • had to arrive...

  • via ambulance.

  • Ah! The style!

  • A scene-stealing way to make an entrance!

  • Nicely done, Frida!

  • Soon after on the 13th of July, 1954,

  • Frida died -

  • just before her 47th birthday.

  • The last words in her diary were, "I joyfully await the exit

  • and I hope never to return."

  • She was cremated and her ashes lie in the Blue House,

  • which is now a museum.

  • Frida's fame has grown since her death,

  • especially in the 70s during the feminist movement

  • as she was admired as an icon of female creativity.

  • She is one of the most well-known artist for disabilities of the 20th century

  • and many of her self-portraits showed her in a wheelchair.

  • True role model for us all.

  • I hope you've enjoyed this video and the mini biographies I've been making.

  • I really, really loved creating this type of content

  • and it's definitely something I'm going to continue making.

  • But!

  • I need to know what type of profiles you'd like to see.

  • LGBTQ+ people? Disabled people? Amazing women from history?

  • People who were all three of these things?

  • Please let me know in the comments down below.

  • Next week is the start of my Christmastide videos;

  • I'll be making a video every day

  • from the 25th of December to the 6th of January.

  • Subscribe if you haven't already, and I'll see you soon.

  • [Music]

Hello, lovely people, and welcome to the final video in my Disability History Month series.

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ベッドから世界を変えたバイセクシャル・アーティスト // フリーダ・カーロ[CC] (The Bisexual Artist Who Changed The World From Bed // Frida Kahlo [CC])

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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