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  • - [David] Hello, readers.

  • Today it is a time for action.

  • (horn blares)

  • Yes, sound the horn of action,

  • because today we're going to be talking about

  • character actions in stories.

  • Understanding what characters do

  • is key to your success as a reader.

  • The way characters behave towards themselves,

  • towards others, towards objects,

  • can tell us a lot about them

  • and can give us clues to the larger messages in a story.

  • Character actions are what drive a story forward.

  • Let my co-worker Kim read you a story

  • in which nobody takes any actions.

  • - [Kim] Once upon a time, there was a magical kingdom

  • in which nobody ever did anything.

  • Nobody baked bread or called their friends on the phone

  • or played video games or soccer or basketball

  • or wrote books or ate yogurt.

  • They didn't even nap.

  • They just sat there.

  • (Kim yawns)

  • It was a very boring kingdom.

  • - [David] Why, thank you, Kim.

  • Without character action, there is no story.

  • Let's try that again.

  • I'll blow the horn of action and Kim you do that again,

  • but this time let's throw in some character decisions.

  • All right, lights, camera, horn of action.

  • (horn blares)

  • - [Kim] The magical kingdom of Belchantry

  • was abuzz with activity.

  • Bakers baked, ballers shot hoops,

  • yogurt smiths made yogurt.

  • The young princess Lulabell practiced her swordplay.

  • And on a great tower on the outskirts of town

  • an evil wizard put the finishing touches on a spell

  • that would bring terrible darkness to the land.

  • - [David] See, now that's a story I wanna hear.

  • Character actions and decisions have to drive the story.

  • It's about what characters choose to do,

  • not just about the world around them.

  • There could be a big, scary storm,

  • but that's not character action.

  • It's about how the characters react to the storm

  • that matters, that shapes the story.

  • What do characters do in times of trouble

  • or when their friends need help?

  • That's when you can learn the most about them.

  • Actions speak louder than words, after all.

  • What motivates these characters?

  • Why do they act the way they act?

  • What are the values or beliefs that drive them?

  • What are their goals?

  • And what does that tell us about the message of the story?

  • Sometimes characters don't behave in the way that we expect,

  • like villainous characters may seem nice

  • in order to do evil things.

  • If we think about "The Three Little Pigs."

  • If the Big Bad Wolf is going door to door and saying,

  • "Hello, little pig.

  • "It's me, your new neighbor, the Small Nice Wolf.

  • "And I brought you some cookies."

  • If you're the pig looking out the window,

  • you should open the door, right?

  • Heek no!

  • The wolf is trying to trick you, lock the door.

  • What's interesting about looking at character actions

  • is they can help us see how characters change

  • throughout a story.

  • In the film "Moana,"

  • the demi-god character Maui

  • begins as a selfish tricky character,

  • but by the end of the movie he's changed

  • and he cares about Moana and helps her.

  • We can see that because of his actions.

  • He begins by stealing Moana's boat

  • and stranding her on an island,

  • and he ends by sacrificing his magic fish hook to help her.

  • Sorry for "Moana" spoilers.

  • Characters in stories can be complex, just like real people.

  • The way they behave might surprise you.

  • And if it does, ask yourself, why is this a surprise?

  • Why is this character behaving in this way?

  • Look for evidence throughout a text

  • to help you understand the way characters act.

  • If you've insight into their thoughts or feelings,

  • that can be a great place to start.

  • But, for now, I'm going to take action by ending this video.

  • You can learn anything, David out.

- [David] Hello, readers.

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A2 初級

物語の中でのキャラクターアクション|読み方|カーンアカデミー (Character actions in stories | Reading | Khan Academy)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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