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  • (light ambient music)

  • - Let's face it:

  • Homework is never going to win any popularity contests.

  • In fact, there's a whole genre of memes

  • about how much people hate homework.

  • I mean, just look at--

  • Oh my god, there's so many of 'em.

  • Look at all--

  • (laughing) There's so many memes.

  • (record scratching)

  • It's no secret that homework is a big source of stress

  • in the daily lives of students.

  • Assignments can feel so tedious when they take hours to do.

  • And there's growing debate over the value of homework.

  • It's not just about students being lazy.

  • There's opponents that think it's an unnecessary stressor

  • and actually contributes to inequity in education,

  • particularly for low-income students.

  • Today we're asking:

  • How much homework in high school is too much?

  • So, in the US, there isn't really

  • a standard amount of homework high school students get.

  • It varies teacher by teacher, school by school.

  • The amount even varies all over the world.

  • Just look at this graph.

  • Check it out.

  • In the US,

  • we get over twice as much homework as South Korea.

  • South Korea's ranked the number-one best education system

  • by a Pearson review.

  • And, well, we're number 17.

  • And, like, what's up with Italy over here?

  • They're getting 8.7 hours per week, and they're number 25.

  • Must be rough over there in Italy.

  • Man.

  • Okay, now back to America.

  • We figured it was pretty important

  • to hear straight from students about this topic,

  • since they're the ones actually doing the homework,

  • so we turned to our friends

  • from Youth Beat in Oakland, California.

  • They're student reporters

  • with PBS NewsHour Student Reporting Labs.

  • This is Jonathan,

  • Olin-- - Yo!

  • - And Serina.

  • They helped research, write, and produce this episode.

  • First, I checked in with Jonathan,

  • who's not exactly a slacker.

  • He's on All City Council and reporting this episode

  • on top of all his regular homework.

  • So, Jonathan, what's All City Council

  • and what are you hearing from students?

  • - All City Council is the student union

  • for the Oakland School District,

  • and we represent the 37,000 students

  • who are within the public education system.

  • Man, we are tired of doing homework.

  • A lotta students have obligations outside of school.

  • There's students who've come to me like,

  • "Yo, I can't go to this meeting

  • "'cause I have to work and do homework."

  • There's some assignments that are online

  • 'cause teachers are using Google Classroom.

  • Not everyone has access to technology,

  • to a computer or a tablet,

  • so how do you get that homework done

  • and keep up with the workload

  • when you don't have access to those materials?

  • - Some teachers are starting to take notice.

  • The reporters talked to Kathleen Bailey,

  • a teacher at Oakland Technical High School

  • in Oakland, California,

  • who doesn't really assign her students any homework.

  • - I just asked my students today how many of them have jobs.

  • There were nine students in one class that had jobs,

  • there were 11 students in another.

  • And if you're going home from school

  • and you gotta get from one place to another in Oakland,

  • you've gotta get to work, you get home at 10:30

  • and you're thinking about homework,

  • that's just like a recipe for a mental breakdown, I think.

  • - I don't really enjoy doing homework.

  • Personally, I have a lotta extracurriculars

  • that I participate in,

  • like I'm the Black Student Union president at Skyline,

  • I'm the media director for All City Council Student Union,

  • and I've partaken KDOL Youth Beat.

  • And so, with all those different things

  • going on for me after school,

  • it gets hard for me to focus on just one thing.

  • And I do realize academics are important, right?

  • But I feel like these extracurriculars

  • help me build as a person and also build out my resume.

  • - I can see how it could be hard for students

  • to figure out what to prioritize.

  • So, no homework is probably sounding

  • pretty good to you right about now,

  • but we have to acknowledge that homework isn't all bad.

  • Take it from our Youth Beat student reporter, Olin.

  • - There are actually a lotta studies

  • that show there are benefits to doing homework.

  • - Like this meta-analysis

  • that looked at a whole bunch of research on homework

  • from 1987 to 2003.

  • The authors concluded that, "With only rare exceptions,

  • "the relationship between

  • "the amount of homework students do

  • "and their achievement outcomes

  • "was found to be positive and statistically significant."

  • This just means that homework helps students perform better.

  • And in case y'all are wondering what a meta-analysis is,

  • it's basically a study

  • that looks at a lotta different studies in a systematic way.

  • - But it might be

  • that only a certain amount of homework is beneficial.

  • We looked at a study that found that too much homework

  • can actually hurt students.

  • - Check this out.

  • Researchers surveyed over 4,000 students

  • in 10 high-performing wealthy high schools in California.

  • The students surveyed

  • averaged over three hours of homework a night,

  • and the researchers found that more time spent on homework

  • is associated with greater stress, more compromised health,

  • and less time for family, friends,

  • and other extracurricular pursuits.

  • The authors cautioned against

  • assigning heavy homework loads.

  • - And the National Education Association

  • and the National Parent Teacher Association

  • recommend the 10-minute rule when it comes to homework.

  • This means students should receive

  • only 10 minutes of homework per grade per night.

  • - Sometimes my teacher would even tell me,

  • "Oh, just take an hour to do this assignment."

  • And I'm thinking, well, if I have seven classes

  • and each class tells me to do either 10 minutes to an hour,

  • that's already an hour to like seven hours

  • I have to devote just to homework after school.

  • - And it's not just the amount of time

  • you're spending on homework.

  • Some experts say that homework should have

  • a clear connection to what students are learning.

  • It just can't be busywork.

  • - The main thing with homework, as far as I'm concerned,

  • is that the kid's gotta know why they're doing it.

  • - That's Bob Kelly.

  • He's been a teacher for 21 years.

  • He thinks homework can be a valuable tool

  • for certain students and classes.

  • - In my regular US history class, we don't have homework.

  • The only homework that they get

  • is anything that they don't finish in class.

  • If they're messing around or something like that,

  • then they gotta take it home and get it done

  • before the next class.

  • Whereas, in my AP classes,

  • they have to read two chapters a week

  • and they have to analyze those chapters.

  • And so, the whole idea is that they'll come to school

  • understanding what we haven't talked about yet.

  • They'll have a basic understanding.

  • And then we take their basic understanding

  • and we build off of it.

  • - And this kind of rigorous homework in advanced classes

  • can help students prepare for the intensity

  • of classes that they'll have in college.

  • But if these homework-heavy college prep classes

  • best prepare students for college,

  • where does that leave low-income students

  • with conflicting obligations

  • that can't complete their homework?

  • How do you balance the potential benefits

  • you get from completing homework

  • with the real-world needs of students?

  • Homework is tricky, man.

  • So, tell us, what do you think?

  • How should homework be handled?

  • What is a fair amount of homework?

  • Let us know in the comments below.

  • Again, a big shoutout

  • to the student reporters at Youth Beat.

  • If you wanna hear more

  • from PBS NewsHour Student Reporting Labs,

  • be sure to check out this video on school dress codes

  • and this video on active shooter drills.

  • - Check it out.

  • - Check it out, like she said. (Serina laughing)

  • And again, we're Above the Noise

  • and we'll see you guys next time.

  • Peace out.

  • - [Woman] Oh my god. (all laughing)

  • That's so cute.

(light ambient music)

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B1 中級

どのくらいの宿題が多いのか? (How Much Homework Is Too Much?)

  • 12 1
    大文 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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