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  • Did you just get scared? Don't worry, this is just a toy gun. But why do I have it in

  • my hand? Because in this lesson we are learning vocabulary related to warand weapons. So

  • stay with me my name is Michelle and we are going to start the lesson now.

  • So guys the first word that we have with us is 'Arsenal'. Have you heard this word

  • before? So Arsenal is a collection of weapons where you have a lot of weapons you've got

  • bombs and guns etc. etc. So a collection of weapons is called an Arsenal and you use it

  • while someone is fighting a war when a country is fighting a war. So a collection of weapons

  • and if you want to use it in a sentence, you could say that the country's arsenal depleted

  • due to the economic crisis which means that the country's collection of weapons has depleted

  • and maybe they do not have the most recent and updated versions of the weapons.

  • Okay now we look at the next word that we have with us and this is a 'surgical strike'.

  • So now we have looked at what is a collection of weapons called. Now we are going to look

  • at strike what are the different kind of strikes which means what are the different ways of

  • attacking another country. So strike means to attack right. So a surgical strike is okay

  • now let's think about it in a medical term whenever there's a surgery the doctor has

  • to be very careful and very precise he has to use every, every instrument in his hand,

  • every equipment in his hand very carefully he cannot put a mark or a cut anywhere else

  • except where it's required the same way in a surgical strike the bombing and the attack

  • has to be very specific in the targeted area otherwise the people the regular public and

  • not the fighters will be harmed, right? So if we do not want to harm the regular public

  • or the civilians then we need to have a surgical strike which means, which is very precise

  • or a targeted strike or a targeted attack where the general public is not hurt. But

  • how do we do a surgical strike? So a surgical strike is usually done through precision bombing,

  • right? So precision means very careful, very specific and perfect, all right? So if this

  • is the area that's targeted the bombing will only happen here and the rest of the area

  • will not be attacked where people are living so this is possibly the fighting area where

  • the bombing will happen. So precision bombing is done through aircrafts and it's an example

  • of a surgical strike so bombing that is done through the aircraft which is very, very specific.

  • So specific bombing and bombing means to throw bombs all right and it's in an area. So specific

  • bombing right and if you want to use it in a sentence

  • you could say that the Prime Minister declared precision bombing against the warring country.

  • Okay now we look at the next one that we have and this is an 'invasion'. So we use 'an'

  • with it the article because it starts with a vowel, all right? So an invasion is an attack

  • okay an attack on another country on the enemy country in their territory. So let's say that

  • a particular country wants to attack another country so they are invading that country.

  • It's better to say invading rather than saying attacking. All right so invasion means to

  • attack the enemy country or the enemy territory which means region. An invasion is a noun

  • but when we say that so and so country attacked another country or so and so country invaded

  • another country then invaded is the verb but invasion is the noun. Do you ever feel that

  • someone has invaded your private life? If someone over hears your conversation, do you

  • feel invaded? We can also use it in English when you feel that someone is indulging in

  • your private life with you a bit too much that's when you can say I felt invaded by

  • his comment which means that they made a very private comment or personal comment to you

  • which you did not like.

  • All right so now we look at the next one which is a 'preemptive strike'. So like I told

  • you earlier strike means attack so like surgical strike preemptive strike is also a way of

  • attacking. Now preemptive strike is done to prevent another country or another group of

  • fighters to attack us, okay? So if you do not want a group of fighters or a group of

  • Army you don't know what an army not a group of Army and army to attack you then you will

  • have a preemptive strike which means that you will prevent them from attacking you.

  • So even before they could attack you you'll have a preemptive strike on them. So to prevent

  • them prevent is very similar to this word preemptive. So to prevent an attack

  • and to use it in a sentence you could say that the government declared a preemptive

  • strike against the rebels. So even before the rebels could attack the government declared

  • a preemptive strike which means they prevented them from attacking.

  • Now with this we come to the next one which is an 'ambush'. So ambush is a surprise

  • attack it's not pronounced ambush, its ambush so an ambush is a surprise attack. So a surprise

  • attack is when you know, you do not know that a group of fighters or rebels are going to

  • attack you, but they attack you so that's what we call ambush and in a sentence you

  • could say that the five soldiers were killed when their bus was ambushed. Which means that

  • when their bus was surprisely attacked. So you can use it as a noun and as well as a

  • verb okay.

  • So like we have ambush which is a surprise attack there's a technique to ambush and that

  • is a 'guerrilla attack' so do you know who guerrillas are of course we know we find

  • them in jungles and how do they attack you won't even know when a guerrilla come and

  • jump on you and grab you from the back and probably squeeze you. That's how they attack

  • so like ambush is a surprise attack guerrilla attack is a technique to ambush which means

  • that this is how you attack. So people who ambush the attack like a guerrilla which means

  • they attack in a hidden manner in a way that you won't even know. Sudden attack. So this

  • is what a guerrilla attack is and usually these are forces that are not official forces

  • in a country so in a country there are certain group of people that are fighting against

  • the government and they're not official army they are you know self-organized forces and

  • they attack the government because they want to remove the government. So if they want

  • to remove the government they will attack the army forces or the official forces suddenly

  • right? So that's where you can use guerrilla attack and if you want to use it in a sentence

  • you could say that the soldiers were killed by a guerrilla attack or there was a guerrilla

  • attack in the mountains. Okay now there's also another term that comes from this war

  • term and this is actually a marketing term which is guerrilla marketing. Now this is

  • a special kind of marketing when a set of people have been given a small budget and

  • they have to market their products using that small budget. So what they do is they go to

  • spots like malls, parks and other open places like streets and they suddenly market their

  • products so that they can have access to a larger public and they know they do not have

  • to spend too much money. So that's guerilla marketing when they market suddenly as a surprise

  • and they can also have access to a huge audience. So you can use it either in business or war

  • your ad benefit for sure.

  • Okay now we look at the next one now this is 'retrograde option operation' which

  • means retro means to go backwards like you heard retro music which means older music,

  • okay? So retro means backwards and retrograde means to move a step backwards. So whenever

  • an army decides not to fight the war it retrogrades which means that it moves back. It's also

  • called as retreating. So you could use it in a sentence by saying that the army decided

  • to retrograde in order to stop the combat. Which means in order to stop the fight. So

  • combat means a fight or a war okay so that's how you can use retrograde which means to

  • step back in order to stop a war.

  • Now with this we come to the next word that we have and that is a 'friendly fire'

  • which I was doing in the beginning of the lesson. So friendly fire is not so friendly

  • also obviously there are soldiers that are hurt at the end of fire. Fire means attacking

  • someone using guns, okay? Now friendly fire is when a particular army okay certain members

  • or certain soldiers of an army attack the soldiers of their own army that's what a friendly

  • fire is. So attacking the soldiers of your own army. And if you want to use it in a sentence

  • you could say that the rates of friendly fire have been increasing over this campaign. Or

  • the rates of friendly fire have been increasing in this campaign which means that more and

  • more people are dying on the own side of their army due to mutual conflict, okay?

  • Now here we have the next one 'blue on blue' okay this is an adjective which is used to

  • describe friendly fire so blue on blue is a result of friendly fire when people attack

  • the soldiers of their own army this causes blue on blue deaths which means that the deaths

  • that are caused by the soldiers from their own army. So blue on blue deaths. So you could

  • again say that the, the rates or the number of blue on blue deaths have increased in the

  • present campaign and this is a result of friendly fire.

  • Okay now we look at the next word which is 'skirmish'. So skirmish means a small

  • unplanned fight between two opposing armies, alright? So a small unplanned fight

  • and a skirmish is usually between two smaller group of soldiers it's not between the whole

  • Army's alright it just happens between two smaller groups of soldiers and it's usually

  • not in a fighting area it happens off the fighting area so maybe they face each other

  • and counter each other away from the territory but they still have a small fight that's what

  • you call a skirmish. We can also have a skirmish with our friends, don't you? I often have

  • a skirmish with my friend and the restaurant where who's paying the bill so that's the

  • skirmish which is a small argument between you and your friend and you can use it in

  • English as well. A small argument. You can use it to talk about your daily conversations

  • or in your daily conversations.

  • Okay, so with this we come to the last and the best word of the lesson 'truce'. Truce

  • means to stop war it is an agreement for peace, okay? An agreement for peace. So truce is

  • a period of time when two opposing forces decide to stop fighting in order to find peace

  • or in order to discuss peace, all right? And to use it in a sentence you could say that

  • after the last week's riots the two forces have declared truce in order to discuss peace.

  • So truce is also always declared like a surgical strike or a preemptive strike is declared

  • and you'll quite often find this word in the newspaper. And I think it's time you also

  • call a truce with your friend, with whom you've been fighting for past some time. So calling

  • a truce means to you know end the argument with someone you know. To end a skirmish you

  • need to call a truce. Call a truce which means to end an argument or to end a skirmish with

  • somebody you know. So you could say that hey buddy we need to spend the weekend together

  • we might as well call it a truce which means that we might as well and our argument and

  • be friends again.

  • Okay so on this awesome note we complete today's lesson where we have learned vocabulary related

  • to wars and weapons so go and talk about it and call it a truce with all your friends.

  • Thank you so much for having me with you bye-bye

Did you just get scared? Don't worry, this is just a toy gun. But why do I have it in

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上級英単語-戦争と兵器|ミシェルと一緒にスピーキング力をアップさせよう (Advanced English Speaking Vocabulary - War & Weapons | Improve your Spoken English with Michelle)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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