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  • Bruno Walter, who was to have conducted this afternoon, is ill, and his place will

  • be taken by the young American-born Assistant Conductor of the Philharmonic Symphony,

  • Leonard Bernstein.

  • On November 14th, 1943, there emerged in the

  • firmament a new star. That star turned into a comet, and that comet turned into

  • a meteor which landed on the podium of Carnegie Hall on that very day.

  • That meteor had a name, Leonard Bernstein.

  • My dad was 25, and the phone rang, and it was

  • Bruno Zirato, the manager of the New York Philharmonic, informing my dad

  • that he was going to have to conduct the matinee concert that very day because

  • Bruno Walter was sick, and he was going to have to step in. The thing that never

  • happens for assistant conductors was going to happen to my dad that day.

  • The young Bernstein mounted the podium at Carnegie Hall, stood in front of the

  • New York Philharmonic, and led a performance that catapulted him to the front page of The

  • New York Times.

  • It's Joshua Bell here, and I'm just so excited to be coming to the

  • Bernstein festival here with the New York Philharmonic, at the opening concert,

  • playing what I think is one of Bernstein's greatest pieces, the

  • Serenade for Violin and Orchestra. I performed it with Alan [Gilbert]; it's a piece that we just

  • have so much fun doing. So it'll be a highlight of my season, and I

  • can't wait to see you all there.

  • The first symphony is instrumental until

  • the last movement, and the last movement uses a text from the Old Testament.

  • It's from the Book of Lamentations, and it is a kind of keening, grieving sound that

  • this singing has in the last movement, and it's just a real

  • breast-beating sensibility.

  • Symphony No. 2, "The Age of Anxiety," is also about being upset with the world.

  • The text that inspired Symphony No. 2, "The Age of Anxiety," was

  • by W. H. Auden, which is all about the state of the world and what are

  • we going to do about it, which is a sensibility that we still have all these years later.

  • So that symphony may really resonate with audiences today.

  • We've chosen two works that have important relevance to Bernstein.

  • The first one is indeed one of the

  • pieces that he led as a substitute for Bruno Walter, Richard Strauss's elegant

  • tone poem "Don Quixote," played by the orchestra's Principal cellist Carter Brey,

  • representing the hero and Sancho Panza portrayed by Cynthia Phelps, violist.

  • The second, I will lead his final symphony written in 1963, which is called "Kaddish."

  • The "Kaddish" title of the symphony came after President Kennedy

  • was assassinated, and he had actually already decided to use the text of the

  • Kaddish prayerthe Hebrew text. The prayer is used at a funeral when someone

  • has died so at that point he decided to dedicate his symphony to the slain

  • President and it became the "Kaddish" Symphony, dedicated to JFK.

  • So many of us were transfixed and glued to our television sets when

  • Leonard Bernstein would come out and explain what music was all about.

  • What exactly is Viennese music?

  • Well, it's a number of things, but I'm sure that the first

  • thought that springs into your minds is the waltz.

  • Through clever demonstrations,

  • through musical excerpts, through soaring personality, wonderful texts, young people

  • across this country learned from the master.

  • He loved conducting the Philharmonic. They were his gang, you know, his

  • extended family, and we certainly felt that way as his kids. We felt like we had

  • sort of a hundred and six siblings. His reaction to being celebrated this

  • way by the Philharmonic would not be "Who, me?" He was no shrinking violet when it

  • came to getting attention, especially for his own music; he would have loved that.

  • He would have been thrilled to see all three of his symphonies getting all this

  • attention from his extended family.

  • The inspiration he left for all of us not

  • only holds us through this hundredth anniversary of his birth but for all

  • time we have left here on earth as musicians. In '43 the star was born.

  • The comet swished across the sky. The meteor landed, and what it left us was

  • the most important piece of musical history that classical music could ever

  • have in the United States. That was Leonard Bernstein.

Bruno Walter, who was to have conducted this afternoon, is ill, and his place will

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バーンスタインのフィルハーモニー百年祭 (Bernstein’s Philharmonic: A Centennial Festival)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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