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  • In 1963, an anthropologist called Edward T. Hall

  • realised there was no term for the study of personal space,

  • so he invented one.

  • Because that's the sort of thing that anthropologists like to do.

  • He called it 'proxemics', and it caught on,

  • because it turned out to be a good way to let people think about abstract questions

  • like:

  • how do you react when someone gets too close, too fast?

  • What we have here is a robotic spider dress.

  • So it's a dress that has mechanical limbs that are reacting.

  • It is reacting on you coming closer, so you coming near.

  • There are two proximity sensors here.

  • They are in the balls of the design.

  • They are sensing when you come too close.

  • There are 12 states that are pre-programmed.

  • Basically, it's deciding between 1 of those 12 states

  • in order to create one of these animations.

  • In his book, Hall proposes four distance zones:

  • the public, the social, the personal and the intimate.

  • Now, in the sort of life coaching seminars that people get sent to,

  • and in middle management textbooks,

  • those zones are treated as gospel,

  • as 'this is how everyone behaves'.

  • But in Hall's own words, the zones were only a first approximation.

  • They were based on a tiny sample of university educated Americans.

  • They weren't representative of human behaviour in general,

  • and they weren't meant to be.

  • They were crude stereotypes.

  • Actually, a lot of the book is crude stereotypes.

  • There's a whole section just titled 'The French',

  • which describes them as 'sensually involved with each other.'

  • I used 3D modelling in order to create this design.

  • I'm using a software called 'Maya', and then we 3D printed it out.

  • It is 3D in nylon, in a technique called 'selective laser sintering.'

  • You can see here a lot of difficult geometries that are very thin at places,

  • and they are very delicate.

  • The technique of selective laser sintering means that you have

  • basically a big box of powder, which is, in this case, nylon,

  • and you have your laser beam.

  • It's sintering out,

  • it's materialising exactly the model you created.

  • Basically, when you take this design out,

  • you're taking it from a big basket of powder,

  • and all the powder is falling off.

  • The proximity sensors are in this dress,

  • so they're in the front of the dress

  • and they are sensing in a beam that's being sent to the microcontroller

  • which is in the back piece.

  • As a scientific theory, the field of proxemics is vague.

  • Hall just sort of thought it up and stated it in his book.

  • There aren't many studies backed up with rigorous examination and statistics.

  • It's mostly a set of observations and ideas.

  • But despite what some hyper-rationalist people might think, those have value too.

  • Being aware of the hidden rules that guide us,

  • asking why we act the way we do:

  • that can be a powerful tool for figuring out the way that the world works.

  • And visualising something that isn't just invisible,

  • but is actually an abstract concept?

  • That can be a really powerful way to help understand yourself.

  • Thanks to Anouk Wipprecht!

  • Her dress is on display

  • at the Autodesk Gallery in San Francisco until March 2017.

  • Pull down the description for more links

  • about her, the dress and the gallery.

In 1963, an anthropologist called Edward T. Hall

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B1 中級

パーソナルスペースインベーダーに反応する蜘蛛のドレス (The Spider Dress That Reacts To Personal Space Invaders)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
動画の中の単語