字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント It's quite easy to offend someone these days. Even me stating this observation can rub someone up the wrong way. In the age of social media, we get bombarded with crude language, opinions we don't like and stuff that's downright mean. That's probably why we see an increase in language policing and censorship. To some extent, depending on the context, this can be a good thing, for example, to protect minors. But when it's going too far, we can ask ourselves: aren't we getting too thin-skinned? From a Stoic point of view, we're not offended by what we deem offensive, but by our choice to be offended. Words of other people cannot hurt us unless we let them. In this video, I'll show you Stoic wisdom that can help us thicken our skin. Seneca the Younger was a statesman, dramatist, and satirist. But I think that most of us know him as one of the great Stoic philosophers. Seneca was concerned with the nature of insults and being offended. He wrote down his thoughts on this matter in a work named De Constantia Sapientis, which is Latin for On The Firmness Of The Wise Man. He criticized his friend Serenus for wishing that people, in general, shouldn't offend each other. According to Seneca, this is completely unrealistic and not in our control. Instead, we should aim for not being offended, which is in our control. This brings us to the first piece of wisdom: (1) Don't demand the world to be nice. The world is full of people that are selfish, insolent, arrogant, ignorant, mean, cruel, and so forth. This may sound pessimistic, but it isn't far from the truth. We cannot expect that people are nice to us all the time because they aren't. Humans possess the full range of emotions, desires, and mindstates: from angry, to happy, from compassionate to sadistic. Also, there are as many opinions as there are people, including opinions we don't agree with. Resisting this is a recipe for disappointment and will lead us to 'get offended' all the time by what's simply a product of nature. Demanding that the world doesn't offend us is futile because it's impossible to alter more than 7 billion people to our own liking. As Seneca stated and I quote: “You are expressing a wish that the whole human race were inoffensive, which may hardly be; moreover, those who would gain by such wrongs not being done are those who would do them, not he who could not suffer from them even if they were done.” End quote. Now, even though we cannot demand that everyone will always be nice to us, this doesn't mean that we should put up with people treating us badly. We can set boundaries, and choose not to spend time - or at least limit our interactions - with people that don't respect us. But if we accept that people will be people including their darker sides, we'll not only have a much easier time here on earth; we also give our fellow human beings the right to exist and speak their minds. (2) Accept the truth, reject nonsense. So, in my book, which I'll talk about a bit at the end of this video, I've made a proposition inspired by the work of Seneca, on how to handle insults based on truthfulness. With this method, it's logically impossible to be offended. Before I continue, let's take a look at what Seneca had to say about handling insults, jokes and other stuff that people may throw at us. I quote: “Someone has made a joke about the baldness of my head, the weakness of my eyes, the thinness of my legs, the shortness of my stature; what insult is there in telling me that which everyone sees?” End quote. Now, the approach is very simple. If someone offends you, ask yourself if the thing that you feel offended by is truth or nonsense. If it's truth, why be offended by the truth? Or as Seneca states: “what insult is there in telling me that which everyone sees?” If it's nonsense, why be offended by nonsense? If someone throws nonsense at us, isn't the person that does so the one who should feel ashamed instead of us? (3) Contemplate your ego. Seneca noticed that for some reason, people think that being insulted is one of the worst things that can happen. I quote: “..many think that there is nothing more bitter than insult; thus you will find slaves who prefer to be flogged to being slapped, and who think stripes and death more endurable than insulting words.” End quote. For your information: being slapped was a grave insult in the time that Seneca lived. He was a contemporary of Jesus Christ. So it's no surprise that the Bible speaks about 'showing the other cheek' after being slapped. In this context, 'slapped' doesn't mean physical assault but, rather, an insult. When we are insulted, our ego is attacked. This is a consequence of the story we tell ourselves about ourselves and how the world should be. That's why we see that in different cultures and subcultures people are offended by different things. When something conflicts our story (whatever that may be) this could lead to feeling offended. The questions we could ask ourselves are these: why are we getting offended? What's the root of this? Is it because of something that has happened in the past? Is it because of a certain ideology? Is it because I've been culturally conditioned to be offended by this? In my opinion, it shows much more character if we try and seek the root of our emotional reactions within ourselves, instead of immediately finger-point at the outside world. Our own faculty is our own responsibility and what other people think is none of our business. But hey, that's just my opinion. Now, for those interested in reading my book, I'll give you some information about what you can expect. Unoffendable is mainly inspired by Stoic philosophy and shares different ideas and personal situations, that examine the nature of insults, the mind, getting offended and how to become “unoffendable”. The book is highly autobiographical, which means that I'm very open about my personal experiences in regards to becoming less offendable. The first chapter of the book is a lighthearted explanation about different types of insults. From the second chapter, it's going to be a bit deeper and more philosophical, like you're used to when it comes to my videos. If you're interested, please follow one of the links in the description or visit my website for more information. If you've read the book, feel free to leave a review on Amazon. Of course, I hope that your experience will be positive. Thank you for watching.