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  • I thought I'd do something different today, So I haven't given this talk before are gonna tackle the issue of free speech From a left wing perspective.

  • It's actually dead simple to provide a left wing rationale for free speech.

  • It should be self evident to people who are pursuing social justice that the most potent weapon in their artillery is the ability to communicate.

  • What are people who lack power have other than their ability to speak on their own behalf?

  • And isn't it on their behalf that the right to speak must be most jealously guarded?

  • Anyway, I thought I would begin with a crucial observation.

  • There's a fundamental structural reason why our political system has developed both a left and a right wing, and that's the tendency for scarce resources to become unequally distributed.

  • So let's discuss that in my clinical practice.

  • I once had a client, an older guy in his eighties.

  • He'd come to me after his wife had died because he was lonesome, but also because he was obsessed mostly with mathematical ideas.

  • Statue most beautiful, not a place which place I e in part one.

  • Cities showed it to a woman in our apartment was also Berry, and she was awestruck by what she saw.

  • Didn't really have the same effect on me because I'm sees to see beauty in simple That represents that sort.

  • Anyways, I got to know him very well, and actually he was paying d'oh because I certainly learned much warmer Get and get me help with Grease.

  • And I also happen to come to terms with this mathematical upset.

  • You couldn't stop thinking about mathematical issues, but that's just the way he wants.

  • It was wired that way and you know some sense.

  • But well, if your sense of genius, that's just like you, you know, calling and psychology soon is huge.

  • It is which, in economics and trying to learn how to make his fortune, which he had been successful.

  • And he introduced me to some concepts that I was shocked.

  • Sure, because the concepts to the injuries were actually find a fundamental force.

  • And I couldn't believe that I have so much education and so much for education research, and you have a certain expertise and statistics.

  • Although most physical expert without encountering and he introduced me to well, he comes to ask, What's the word your friend burrito was Italian, he promised, and also work.

  • They're soul of Price.

  • Who someone was scientific opportunity that sixties big science, little science I tried to get on Amazon tribe Additional given leave the first editions like a friend.

  • They were selling for about 630 bucks, just staying with chosen how interested people are after he supporter.

  • So tell me about this old price.

  • First, I have a distribution.

  • So this old Price is interested in parted and basically getting excited.

  • Attended by looking at how many people get scientist published inside Sirte on set with science.

  • But they're also obsessed with their side of the publication record because while they like status just like the next person and, uh, status and track and communicated partly because, well, people and you have to assess them Hired rain.

  • So try off people's accomplishments that you stupidly and you don't hire or promote or placed the problem people.

  • So the scientific community has organized itself very well, and it's very tight track.

  • Different metrics off research pose, let's say, and so one of those would be number of a publishing here journals, and that's that turns off here is actually a very excellent in.

  • There's a scientific already that's generally speaking.

  • Calling 1/4 in productive field are quite forward and realize well, the war in practice that something t get so But yes is like the fall of the journal you publishing.

  • That's indexed by the average number of citations that paper might get, an indication off sites were like, he said, publish humanity's papers at zero.

  • Right Those papers published.

  • Journals glide by them.

  • Zeal, people read.

  • Financial scam.

  • Very, very expensive public just published every Spence and libraries half so alive.

  • You know, no reason, no insights that they stack.

  • The lion is coming.

  • They increase the ratio of notice to Sehgal and subsidize that.

  • It's one of the reasons we have.

  • These are probably the fastest way possible heart, and they knows united universities your text of scientific style parts of other agencies practices to take that humanity's hard university.

  • Lose your first thing, what happened on the way back to suddenly.

  • So this old prices curious about who is and what the differences in modern activity were, and he the Paris number of publications that PhD student having this was in the sixties upon graduation rates of the houses that former British say.

  • So the median number of publications, which is the typical of the hour, right?

  • Typical number of people with produce was What?

  • What?

  • Okay, fine.

  • The median person post one.

  • How do you publish two and me And the strange published two and four was happens.

  • Maybe 354 And so when you see the staggering rather draw off of productivity, as you know, publications.

  • So magic grass, What happens?

  • Is it your your evil?

  • Out of number of publications, you have the vast majority of one, 34 Get out of here that maybe like Cannes or maybe 20.

  • And those people are well, they're super geniuses in your field right there.

  • There will be spark fast and for you and so crazy.

  • No station.

  • It's a terrible, terrible observation.

  • It is a fact he owes her that if you talk domain and get work, he has lost.

  • It was the square, the square root of the number of people who are already thinking specialization forjust publications.

  • It's world.

  • While thinking this fruit so they can people in particular domain.

  • This also applies.

  • Employee Productivity Inc is saying So you got 10 boys?

  • Three.

  • You work well, that's not surprising.

  • You know you have to do anymore.

  • You have some people who don't.

  • So were they actually cost.

  • In fact, that's the estimate for remember correctly 65% of manages.

  • Okay, so you can read.

  • It doesn't seem so.

  • Well.

  • If you have 25 after work, that's hundreds.

  • Can you have 1000?

  • Well, it's our money.

  • Third, does that mean he's that our unit is distributed in a manner that was described by Gil Rio Rico?

  • And that's for your distribution?

  • Look, a distribution and distribution.

  • It's which almost everyone has no, and a few people have little bit.

  • Even fewer people have a little bit more than that.

  • And there's some people don't case for exactly Carlos later Jeff specialists who have more money to go anywhere.

  • Improper social structure.

  • Yeah, no, it's not.

  • It's actually something more akin to international law.

  • You got the same condition government besides cities that they decided planetary bodies.

  • That's harder to blame on the patriarch dissolution, every single thing that human beings produced creatively, so he's really staggering, so it applies.

  • Thio Number of goals scored for example, waiting risky.

  • You took away his that you'll never eso getting shot.

  • It's really interesting if they didn't tell us 1%.

  • No, it's not.

  • It's like 1/10 of 1% of all people get, you know, get your star or something.

  • Hold on.

  • Elise.

  • Elise and creative people were kind of so you don't know He's interesting here.

  • Yeah, there along with life are produced.

  • And you think these are just sketches that he was just thrown off?

  • Don't think go on to the online castle.

  • Are were 50,000 way.

  • How many are works?

  • This crazy character place a naturalist.

  • 65 free every single day for 65 years, just extensively.

  • Producing artwork was a huge proportion.

  • Little safe.

  • Last pieces.

  • Right?

  • So this was no like this guy.

  • He was He was something else.

  • Uh, he wrote so much music, they would take a genius 45 years days.

  • Just call me when you proposed.

  • So these people are They're off the sale.

  • Regards to what they do.

  • You say they get numbers.

  • Is this is This is a really interesting call.

  • Why is the rules that's the first Western?

  • And second, what would make sense.

  • It makes everything rather unfair, it says, at least with regard to distribution.

  • Maybe.

  • Maybe it's good because those people are producing things like that and the rest of us, at least not unless there's a problem in terms of inequality off distribution ability.

  • Why?

  • Well, here's one wonders.

  • So this is something I worked at least in part with my Who else had a theory on society Delicious, which I think was a theory.

  • Uh, he introduced me to steal their business.

  • I recall a physicist, but there are some of our businesses staying off even more distribution of mine.

  • What, Using the same equations that you could launch with distribution off gas into a back.

  • So So there's a deep injury driving the dissidents so usually works well, you know?

  • Right, So you basically walk, you know, bythe first was a lot of ways that work.

  • There's a lot of skill this way.

  • Bar, you know, play 10 games more than you were reading sharer.

  • So think about the first thing that happens is you start from a position everybody has to save money.

  • A new navigation Brandon training shaded us.

  • What happens is so here's the ground one bar here somewhere.

  • Four movie playing.

  • They all have exactly the same amount of money thing.

  • It's like $2000 here with something like that.

  • You start cheating guts.

  • And then what starts in?

  • Just a few people start winning more and a few people start to lose a bit more.

  • And what happens to the leaders is that they know they can take more losses than the people who were starting to lose it.

  • So what happens is distribution plan is up.

  • Money.

  • One person you believe something less loser starts just zero.

  • Now here is a terrible number, and you can see this in all sorts of ways.

  • For example, if you're trying to start this zero customers, he's really a long number of ways.

  • Our first customer to your second customer, waiting to get your 102nd festival in the Third Master Party.

  • You have sold something to someone you know.

  • You social proof say, Well, I'm new revolutionary and they Well, that's all for you.

  • Just the way the risk of being wrong.

  • People say all these other people OK, which is a reasonable justification.

  • Yeah, I have to say you live on this exciting.

  • It's like a fire.

  • Is there a problem?

  • They go when you have $20 and I promise you can invest zero to make more money.

  • You're done.

  • You started.

  • Zero.

  • You're done.

  • This is your what is something to complain about the rules of the game.

  • But you know something?

  • I think people like you they know they don't know what it's gonna be.

  • One no way way recast game and play it once more.

  • They will determine my client's assist with a good one society in some sense, which is you.

  • Play, they assume, is trading.

  • Don't exactly run trading.

  • But you know what happens especially, you know something will have everything and almost everyone stacks up in Syria.

  • And the problem with zero is that you got nothing to lose.

  • You might have left the damn war started today, and that's especially true.

  • Pure reason.

  • It's true, he said, and recently he says, you know the lightning with those stamps.

  • So that's fundamental rule.

  • So they correlation between socioeconomic status and access to me are just 26 which is a staggering a high correlation for the social sciences massive department see, the only correlation I've ever seen higher.

  • That's the relationship between inequality, and they want a homicide.

  • 260.8 comes for all.

  • So as equality crazed, they killed their young man and he killed a man and do it status disputes.

  • You win a race.

  • It is.

  • It is using me.

  • I see something back.

  • We're trying to save face with a little staff soon.

  • If we're not careful, couple calls, because our future is that right.

  • You have a short time horizon, always wanted your reputation.

  • It's like it's your money.

  • And so maybe it's a toss up.

  • So what, you can't charge of second degree murder.

  • There's no use to go after so far down.

  • You could hurt yourself defense before three years.

  • 18 months, population.

  • So So we get research using this.

  • This Fishman great question, and I know just the mind may be shot.

  • And your nation.

  • When you're thinking about creativity, there's two ways of thinking.

  • Are you thinking about creativity as a process you can associate degree with your I Q.

  • Especially the verbal like you, and also with this trade, this pig fire personality trait is holding this, which is D violently personal tree and more creative are generating example.

  • Ours either can't or between you and your penny, it's actually quite straightforward.

  • So, for example, bigger and began A s three minutes that the number of words you generate would record it.

  • If your creative asking about 3.4 and you think, well, that's not very high.

  • Actually, that's hard is generated about 35% social science stuff.

  • Small reasons part because the experience that I do what I said you can't and then extorted each other.

  • How many uses you came up with, how comparatively rare you used this work compared to the rest of the score.

  • Now you have a sensible that plausible use for a brand, but rarely and Lucy see today.

  • So I know where is just a waste.

  • So we're interested in creating a cheap right so no one could think regularly produced something in the world as a consequence.

  • And you make about which is a better definition of pretending.

  • You can have both definitions than there is for purposes.

  • And you chose Yeah, wait.

  • Many commissions is reasonable in creative.

  • And so that was like dance, music, theater, inventions, cooking.

  • No, no.

  • The electoral donations fiction writing nonfiction I don't know.

  • And then, you know, anyone steal a level of achievement and we have generated by experts.

  • And then we ran over in terms of being probability.

  • So zero, I have no training for this area.

  • And I was like, Well, I have an international reputation And so it's something we have and that the distribution was pretty destiny before free distribution for follow that making the scale some sense because everyone this is some societies.

  • Basically, first, everything was normal, distributed just raw.

  • Maybe our original distributed Bring out everything people produce creatively is distribute that screaming really, really, really important Because you see one of the things that shows us that whatever is going on distribution doesn't just characterize income distribution.

  • You can't just blame it superbly on unfair social circumstance.

  • It's also the case that every society has a Karina distribution of how Steve is that there is, to some degree, as a consequence of things like social policy, it's very, very difficult to get away from the three of you.

  • Wait, that's that's real creative Gene here.

  • What was that?

  • I think it was 60% off.

  • People has 40 zero and anything.

  • I read any of the 13 and you certainly didn't publish it.