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  • six from BBC learning english dot com Hello and welcome to six minute grammar with me.

  • Neil on me, Sufi.

  • Hello.

  • In this programme we're going to show you how to use the words four on since with the present perfect tense.

  • That's right, Andi.

  • There'll be a quiz at the end of the show.

  • So listen carefully.

  • Yeah, let's get started.

  • Catherine here.

  • Hello.

  • Has got two sentences for us.

  • But which one uses present?

  • Perfect.

  • I've worked at the BBC for eight years.

  • I worked at the BBC for eight years.

  • Thank you, Catherine.

  • And the first sentence I've worked at the BBC for eight years is in the present.

  • Perfect tense.

  • It means that Katherine started work at the BBC eight years ago and still works at the BBC.

  • Now the second sentence is in the past simple and the meaning is different.

  • I worked at the BBC for eight years.

  • Means the speaker works for the BBC in the past, but they don't work there.

  • Now let's hear those again.

  • I've worked at the BBC for eight years.

  • I worked at the BBC for eight years, so the present perfect helps us talk about situations that started in the past and are still happening.

  • Now.

  • We make the present perfect tense with the subject, plus have who has or haven't or hasn't.

  • Yes subject plus half has.

  • Haven't or hasn't plus the past participle form off the verb.

  • Some more examples, please.

  • Katherine Alicia has lived in Paris since 1996.

  • I've known Alex for 20 years, so these situations are still happening.

  • Alicia still lives in Paris, and Catherine and Alex are still friends.

  • Both examples have a time expression.

  • Here's the 1st 1 again.

  • Alicia has lived in Paris since 1996.

  • The word since gives the exact point in the past when the situation started a particular year, for example, since 1996 and the point in the past that we use with since could be a day, a month, a season or a time of day.

  • Catherine, they've been married since March.

  • I've bean ill since last Friday.

  • Faruk has drunk three cups of coffee since two o'clock.

  • The point in the past can also be a situation or events.

  • I haven't eaten anything since I got up.

  • I've known Alex since primary school, so that's since to refer to a point in time when a situation started.

  • Now let's look at four.

  • We use four with the present perfect tense to say how long the situation has lasted.

  • I've known Alex for 20 years for 20 years.

  • Catherine met Alex 20 years ago, and they still know each other now, So it's present.

  • Perfect plus four plus a length of time.

  • I've known Alex for 20 years.

  • The length of time could be 46 months for a week for two minutes for 10 seconds for 50 years.

  • For 10,000 years.

  • BBC learning english dot com.

  • And we're talking about the present perfect tense with four.

  • And since Did you know Sophie?

  • I've worked at the BBC for 13 years.

  • Have you?

  • Really, Neil, it's 1/2 on.

  • I haven't had a day off sick since I started.

  • Really?

  • No.

  • Not ready.

  • How long have you worked at the BBC, Sophie?

  • Well, Neil, I've done bits and bobs for about a year.

  • You can also ask this question with the present perfect continuous tense like this.

  • How long have you bean working at the BBC?

  • It's very similar to the present perfect simple tents and is common when we're asking about temporary or unfinished situations and activities, and now it's quiz time.

  • Neil will give the answers.

  • Number one.

  • Which sentence is correct?

  • A.

  • I've lived here since two years or be I've lived here for two years.

  • It's be I've lived here for two years.

  • Number two.

  • A maker hasn't spoken to Jackie, for they went on a holiday.

  • Be Mika hasn't spoken to Jackie since they went on a holiday.

  • It's be Mika hasn't spoken to Jackie since they went on holiday and number three A.

  • You have been listening to six minute grammar for the last six minutes.

  • Be you're listening to six minute grammar for the last six minutes.

  • It's a You have been listening to six minute grammar for the last six minutes because you're still listening.

  • We hope there's lots more about this on our website.

six from BBC learning english dot com Hello and welcome to six minute grammar with me.

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A2 初級

for'と'since'を使った現在完了形 - 6分間文法 (Present perfect with 'for' and 'since' - 6 Minute Grammar)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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