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  • Good morning Hank, it's Tuesday

  • So on the YouTube channel Healthcare Triage doctor Aaron Carroll often says that data is not the plural of anecdote

  • But in a world where there are so many factual anecdotes out there

  • it can be difficult to see the larger truths that data can tell us for instance

  • there are terrible crimes every day in the United States, but that doesn't change the fact that the US

  • homicide rate is lower than it was 10 or 20 or 30 or 40 or 50 years ago

  • Anyway to try to understand the world better

  • I often use maps and here are seven that I found especially helpful.

  • First we have this map which divides the human population into tenths

  • I like this one because it reminds me that Canada, the United States, Mexico, most of the Caribbean, Chile, Peru and more

  • only constitute 1/10 of the world's population

  • The world is so much bigger than my world

  • and the human story is so much bigger than the human stories I usually hear

  • also since I mentioned Peru, Peru is big, as is Somalia

  • Those are not among the seven maps by the way. Those are bonus maps. You're welcome

  • Then there's this map from Our World in Data which shows the average years of school people had around the world in 1950

  • the yellow is between 0 & 2 years the green between 2 & 6 and then as the colors get darker people get better educated

  • here's 1970 and then here's

  • 1990 and here's what it looked like in 2010

  • There are still huge gaps between rich and poor countries and between rich and poor people within many countries

  • But even so all around the world kids are getting more educational opportunities

  • Which is good because it means more potential innovators to solve all of the problems

  • we are leaving those kids with. Speaking of which here's what global CO2 emissions look like in 1950

  • Almost all the emissions coming from the world's wealthiest countries

  • Here's 1970 and here's 1990 and this is 2016 a few countries starting to get lighter

  • but only a few. Meanwhile this map shows average temperature changes between

  • 1965 and 2014

  • red areas are where the earth has gotten warmer white areas are where the temperature hasn't changed and blue areas are where it's gotten cold-

  • there is no blue. Then there's this amazing map of global borders and when they were created I'll put links in the doobly-doo

  • So you can explore all these maps in detail

  • but the fascinating thing to me here is just how recent many national borders are like we often think of nation states as

  • Intractable realities and national borders as fixed, but in fact most national borders are less than 120 years old

  • Okay let's return to Our World in Data to look at this map of the percentage of births in

  • 1991 that were attended by trained health care workers - doctors, nurses, midwives etc.

  • in Brazil it was under 70 percent, in India 34 percent, in Mali 26 percent

  • Now let's flash forward to 2015 in Mali 60 percent of births are attended by a health care worker

  • in India It's over 80 percent and in Brazil, it's over 95 percent the benefits of this are staggering

  • 522,000 mothers died in childbirth in 1991

  • in 2015 303,000 did. We still have a long way to go but that is real progress and lastly

  • Let's look at my favorite map; life expectancy

  • I know this is a controversial position, but I believe that human lives should be long and healthy

  • here's what global life expectancy looked like in 1980 and here's what it looked like 35 years later

  • All around the world low and middle income countries from China to India to Peru to Angola have seen life

  • expectancy go up by at least 10 years and in some cases 20. So thank you map makers for giving me hope

  • and also when appropriate, fear.

  • Hank before I go, one thing: I enjoy sponsoring AFC Wimbledon so much and it has made me want to sponsor other things

  • So if you're part of a club or team or organization or whatever that could use modest

  • sponsorship, like think high three digits to low four digits email me at with the subject line

  • Sponsorship and when I say sponsorship, I don't mean donation, which is a separate thing

  • I mean getting some kind of

  • "marketing value" in exchange for the sponsorship like our logo on your uniform or something if it sounds like I said that to make sure

  • I'm cool with the IRS, I did. But write I apologize in advance for all the awesome things

  • I won't be able to sponsor but I'm gonna try to sponsor at least a few things. Hank, I'll see you on Friday

Good morning Hank, it's Tuesday


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B1 中級

世界をよりよく理解するための7つの地図 (Seven Maps to Better Understand the World)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日