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  • Guys! I'm not gonna make any puns in this episode

  • at this point for Geography Now cheesy stuff like that is just

  • "Hondur-as" (pun)

  • It's time to learn geography... NOW!!!

  • Hey everybody! I'm your host Barby

  • Central America is a little bit tricky because on the surface it looks like opening up a bag of potato chips.

  • When you first look in they all look like potato chips but then when you inspect them a little closer,

  • you realise some are little bigger, some are little crispier, some are burned, some have a little bit of green.

  • And that's my job! To eat potato chips!

  • What were we talking about?

  • Aaaah!

  • I love this part of the video because it reveals all the secrets of the country

  • And Honduras has quite a few!

  • First of all:

  • Honduras is located in Central America, sandwiched between Guatemala and El Salvador on the west and Nicaragua to the south east.

  • Honduras is also a bi-coastal country with both coasts on the Carribean Sea,

  • and a small but still existant patch of Pacific Ocean in the south in the Golf of Fonseca.

  • The country is divided into 18 departments and the capital Tegucigalpa,

  • is located right in the central Francisco Morazáu Department.

  • The country has four international airports and the largest and busiest one is

  • actually not in Tegucigalpa but Ramon Villeda Morales Int. (IATA:SAP)

  • located in San Pedro Sula

  • I mean if you want you can fly to Tegucigalpa's Toncontin international

  • but it's kinda like dubbed as the second most dangerous airport in the world

  • due to its horrible location, wedged between dangerous mountains with choppy winds and a narrow runway

  • It's actually not uncommon to see passengers praying before landing...

  • They know what they are getting themselves in to!

  • In addition to the department as of 2013

  • Honduras just instituted a new economic zone division

  • much like China did with their zones

  • in which certain cities will have a distinct free market capitalistic function

  • with high autonomy and ruled with their own political and judicial systems.

  • Right now it seems like Amapala on Tigre Island

  • will be the first to become an autonomous zone.

  • Others are on the way but it's a little bit too early to tell which ones will be exclusive!

  • This has been taken in with both praise and criticism!

  • Praise because based off your economic philosophy it could boost revenue

  • but criticism because it comes at a cost of your own sovereignty being put in the hands of corporations!

  • It's kinda like:

  • "So if I give you these cities, you promise that it will all trickle down to us right?

  • Oh yes! All I ask is that you give me the authority to tell them what to do!"

  • MUAHAHAHAHAHAHA

  • Why are you laughing like that?

  • AHAHAHAHAHA

  • Uh! I still don't like the way you are laughing!

  • But at least I made money!"

  • Besides all that, Honduras lays claim to about 20 or so islands most in the Caribbean

  • and in the south of Honduras they're like:

  • "OK, I'll take these four and El Salvador, you can take these four."

  • The most notable islands though would be

  • the famous Islas de la Bahía made up of Roatán, Utila and Guanaja

  • which has Bonacca cay, the most crowded island in Honduras,

  • and in addition you got the Cochino cays

  • jump a little further east and you have the Swan islands

  • and if you jump even further north, you hit the completely submurged Misteriosa and Rosario Banks

  • that lie within Honduras' exclusive economic zone.

  • Most of the population stays in the west and south areas of the country

  • In fact, most of the areas along the border with Nicaragua are uninhabited and empty

  • Otherwise, some notable sights might include places like:

  • The Copán mayan ruins with hieroglyphic staircases and Mayan ball courts

  • As well as the Rosalila, a fully replicated Mayan temple

  • The El Puente ruins

  • San Cristobal fort. in Gracias,

  • And the Baroque style churches of Tegucigalpa and Comajagua

  • Bay Islands underwater museum

  • The cave of glowing skulls

  • And see if you can find the legendary White City or the city of the monkey god

  • which is rumored to be hidden somewhere in the jungles of the east

  • What else can you find in the jungles of the east?

  • JUNGLES! Which we will discuss in:

  • Now in the simplest way I can put this when it comes to natural catastrophes

  • Honduras was kind of like:

  • "Thanks! I just don't wanna get my hair messed up!"

  • "Eh! Sure, no problem!"

  • Yeah, El Salvador is like Honduras' shield that takes all the crazy earthquakes and volcanic eruptions

  • leaving them with just a smidge of debris and weak aftershocks

  • First of all! The country is divided into five different geographical landzones

  • The insular Bay Islands, the North Atlantic Coast, the heavily populated

  • Occidental Sula Lowlands, and the largest wilderness area in

  • all of Central America the La Mosquita Jungles in the east

  • as well as the Pacific south volcanic region.

  • By the way! A quick little sidenote:

  • Occidental means West and the antonym Oriental means East

  • And now you know!

  • Inside the La Mosquita

  • you can find the UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • the Rio Platano Biosphere reserve

  • which has the highest concentration of wildlife

  • like the national animal the Scarlet macaw and the whitetail deer

  • Now other than a few fertile valleys and plains along the coast

  • most of Honduras is mountainous at about 80 %

  • Here you can find the highest peak, the Corro las minas located in the west

  • Now this means that even though the land is rich and lush with vegetation

  • less than 10 % of the land is arable

  • Now when it comes to water, although the Coco River is the longest winding south to north

  • the Ulúa is the most important as it goes from the Sula Valley to the Caribbean allowing transport and trade!

  • Right next door you can find the largest natural lake Yojoa

  • Yojoa which actually sits inside a volcanic depression

  • And speaking of volcanoes!

  • In the south you can find the two most notable volcanoes

  • Isla Zacate Grande and Isla el Tigre

  • Hondurans love food, even though most Central Americans admit that they do kind of have a similar

  • base culinary structure,

  • Hondurans do have a slight jungle charm!

  • Popular dishes include things like:

  • the national dish Baleadas,

  • Casabe, Canecho Soup, Mondongo, Jocoto en miel

  • Pollo chucho

  • And some people, especially in the indigenous community enjoy iguana and turtle eggs.

  • Otherwise some top natural spots include places like:

  • Pulhapanzak waterfalls, Talgua caves, Pico Bonito national park, Cochino cays...

  • And during the rainy season, see if you can make it to the Lluvia de peces in Yoro;

  • A weird natural phenomenon in which every year, it rains fish.

  • I'm not even joking, after it rains, the streets are loaded with live, squirming fish

  • Some people think that it might be caused by underground waterways opening up;

  • Some people think it's because water spouts suck up the fish from the water

  • making a FISH-NADO dropping them on the towns below!

  • So there you go, if there's one thing you can take away from this episode, it's that Honduras has FISH-NADOS!!!!!

  • Totally fact, not embellished in any way, moving on

  • Seriously, FISH-NADOS! Can you imagine just sitting there and, like... *Fish slap*

  • ANYWAY

  • The country has about 8.2 million people, and has the highest percentage of protestants per capita, out of any Latin American countries.

  • About 90% of the country is Mestizo

  • About 7% are Amerindian

  • 2% are black (mostly Garifunas along the Carribean coast)

  • And the remainder is mostly made of whites, with a few Arabs, Christians and Chinese mixed in there as well

  • Also they use the Honduran Limpiera as the currency, they use the A and B plug outlets and they drive on the right side of the road

  • Of the Amerindian community there are 6 main sub- groups each with their own traditions and languages

  • Except for the largest group, the Lenca who have all but lost their native language as it went extinct in the 70's

  • Now here lies the big question, how is Honduras different from the rest of the Latin American countries?

  • Aren't they all the same? Don't hey all speak Spanish ans eat tacos and stuff?

  • That couldn't be a more ignorant statement. (despite the fact, yes Hondurans do like tacos and they do speak Spanish)

  • First of all, Hondurans, or "Catrachos", as they like to be called sometimes,

  • do have their own distinct quirks

  • 1, as mentioned before, Honduras is the most Protestant out of all the Latin American countries

  • Most estimates put the number at around 40% of the country adhering to some denomination of the faith branch

  • Otherwise, Catholics make up the rest of the religious community, with a few other communities of Jews and Muslims

  • And there's probably a Chinese Buddhist in there somewhere, too, I mean, there's always a few small groups of Chinese people in every country in the world

  • EVEN SOMALIA HAS CHINESE PEOPLE

  • Hondurans do have a few distinct"Honduran" words like:

  • Maje, "Que onda?", Cipota, or Cipote, "Vaya Pues!", Cheque, and "Ando Hule" (srry i don't speak spanish ._.)

  • Speaking of words, Honduras, like Costa Rica, is very bi-lingual in Spanish and English

  • Kids are taught in Elementary schools, and, in fact, some estimate that ½ of the entire city of San Pedro Sula is proficient enough in English to hold a normal conversation.

  • U.S. even outsources hundreds of people there in call centers, to speak to U.S. customers

  • ENGLISH! Whether or not you like learning it, it's the money-making language

  • QUICK HISTORY!

  • Like all other Central American countries, Honduras had, like, 3 independences

  • One from Spain, one from Mexico, and one from the Federal Republic of Central America

  • Then about 300 internal rebellions and civil wars occurred, then in the 60's they had a war with El Salvador that was basically started by a soccer match (Football war 1969)

  • Then in the 70's civilian rule returned, and things were looking up

  • Then Hurricane Mitch messed everything up

  • Then in 2009 a very soft coup d' eta happened

  • And that's where we stand today

  • So essentially this is where we get all the gritty stuff

  • Yes, Honduras, although speckled with extremely welcoming nice people, is riddled with a sinister dark side

  • Yes, Honduras has one of the highest intentional murder rates in the world outside of a war-torn country

  • This is mostly attributed to the drug trafficking problem, about 80% of the drugs entering into the US will at some point cross through Honduras by cartels

  • Every day citizens typically witness drug trucks transporting supplies, however they just kinda live by the

  • "Keep-your-mouth-shut-and-mind-your-own-business" rule

  • Nobody will be bothered

  • Keep in mind, you're gonna see a lot of this kind of stuff in other Latin American countries. It's kind of like a strange shady bi-lateral government mafia

  • type of coalition thing that shouldn't exist but they don't know how to get out of it

  • So they just kinda leave as it is and try not to get involved

  • but then a new government comes up and rises and tries to get involved

  • And then just causes more trouble

  • It's like, nobody can win...

  • Man, Latin America, I'm starting to kind of, like understand your plight

  • People, STOP BUYING DRUGS

  • Just buy a puppy and play with it, that's like the equivalent of 40 drugs in one, on steroids

  • Quote me on that

  • Anyway

  • Some notable people of Honduran descent might include:

  • National heroes

  • And now we reach Honduras' diplomacy, but before we do, let me just emphasize this one thing

  • DO NOT CALL HONDURANS MEXICANS. Okay? Moving on

  • If Central America was a family, Honduras would be like street smart middle brother who pays rent, even though you have no idea where he works

  • And he has that twitch in his eye because he's trying to suppress all of the baggage that he covers up by singing karaoke every night

  • Wow, that was an extensive description (you don't say)

  • FIRST OF ALL

  • Honduras is one of the 20 countries that recognizes Taiwan's statehood over the PRC

  • Like Guatemala, Taiwan holds tight to Honduras as it is one of their largest supporters in trade and diplomacy

  • US is not only the largest business partner, but also 1 out of every 10 Hondurans in the world live in the US with New Orleans housing the largest community

  • This, in return provides the largest portion of remanence money that gets sent back to relatives

  • Colombia is like the cool cousin across a sea that they look up to, and they like Cuba because they send a lot of doctors

  • Cuba, you're always sending doctors to everybody, you're like a doctor vending machine, dispensing doctors, doctors, doctors, DR. PEPPER!

  • When it comes to the best friend, almost all of you Honduran geograpeeps I've talked to have told me that Guatemala was your number one

  • Whereas, El Salvador and Nicaragua were a very close second place

  • Hondurans admire Guatemalan culture, and they're a little envious that they get all the cool Mayan stuff

  • They have open border policies and many people from both countries end up marrying each other

  • El Salvador and Nicaragua are kind of like the 2 troublesome younger fraternal twin brothers that sometimes cause them a little bit of a headache

  • But in the end, they turn on the karaoke machine and sing together

  • In conclusion, if Central America was the Brady Bunch, Honduras would totally be Jan, the mild manner but internally angsty middle child

  • With FISH-NADOS!

  • Stay tuned,

  • HUNGARY!!!!!

  • Is coming up next.

Guys! I'm not gonna make any puns in this episode

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地理Now!ホンジュラス (Geography Now! Honduras)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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