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  • The European Union’s chief negotiator Michel Barnier says the Brexit talks are deadlocked

  • over the U.K.s divorce bill

  • U.K’s Brexit negotiations are stumbling and farmers across Britain are concerned.

  • Either there is labour to pick the crops or what?

  • There are no crops. We will have to start importing vast quantities of fresh food.

  • Farmers believe the UK government is scared of confronting the immigration issue. Leaving

  • them in the dark over who will work in the fields.

  • The words migration and immigration are just dirty words in the UK now and we can’t even

  • talk about it.

  • And farmers are being caught up in the argument.

  • I had hate mail youre taking work from

  • British workers - it’s absolute garbage

  • If the workers can’t be found fruit and vegetables will be left to rot in the fields

  • and youll pay more at the supermarket.

  • We are are facing significant labour shortages which will impact on the economy and on the

  • ability of this nation to produce food.

  • This is Bloomberg’s The Real Cost of Brexit.

  • Were traveled to Kent in Southern England. This regions voted overwhelmingly for Brexit

  • but farmers are divided down the middle.

  • Their businesses rely on migrant labour.

  • 80,000 migrant workers are needed every year across the country

  • Brexit has but their future in doubt.

  • We think we produce about 5 percent of the U.K.'s lettuce requirements

  • Nick Ottewell is the farm manager at Laurence J Bett’s, one of Kent’s biggest salad growers

  • He employs around 140 farm workers. Of those working in the fields, all are from eastern

  • Europe, most from Romania.

  • They live on the farm and work for up to 6 days a week, for 7 pounds 50 and hour.

  • So these guys are cutting the lettuce by knife

  • because they're naked and then it's coming up here into this machine and it's being packed

  • This is what it takes to run a farm like this.

  • We need people who can do that every day, all day, otherwise we haven't got a business

  • Since the Brexit vote, attracting migrant workers has got harder.

  • A survey by the National Farmers Union found the number of seasonal workers coming to work

  • on British farms has dropped 17%.

  • If next year you can’t get the people you need, what will happen?

  • I don’t have a business, that’s what I keep trying to say to anyone that interviews

  • I do not have a business here with out 60 to 80 people prepared to bend their

  • back every day and work hard and cut lettuce, I do not have a business model

  • And why can’t those people be British?

  • There's two or three points I would like to make on this.

  • The first is we are at 3 percent unemployment.

  • I can go down to the local job centre, I can get one or two people. I need 100 people here.

  • I’m not taking work from British workers.

  • According to industry bodies, virtually all of Britain’s agricultural seasonal workers

  • come from the E.U. most from Eastern Europe.

  • Of the 13,000 workers recruited between January and May, only 14 were British

  • What to come and meet the workers?

  • Nick introduces us to Kamila. She’s worked on the farm for six years and is now a team leader

  • And where are you from?

  • Romania

  • And most of you're team are from Romania?

  • In my team now, yes, it's all Romanian

  • Kamila doesn’t share Nick’s concerns, she shrugs off Brexit fears and argues it’s

  • not hard to recruit eager workers.

  • No it’s not hard because Romanian people need money and come back.

  • Despite Kamilia confidence, farmers are seeing the opposite

  • falling numbers of migrant workers from the E.U.

  • Nick’s whole business relies on visa free E.U. labour but that will almost certainly

  • stop post-Brexit. He’s left asking where the workers will come from.

  • Weve heading 30 minutes down the road to WB Chambers and Son.

  • How many tonnes of fruit do you produce?

  • Two thousand tonnes of Raspberries...

  • Tim’s farm is one of the biggest berry growers in the U.K.

  • He employs over 1200 migrant labourers - over 90 percent of which are from Bulgaria.

  • He also voted to leave the E.U. despite the decision complicating his business in

  • the short term,

  • I’m very positive, I didn’t vote for my business, I voted for the greater good of

  • the country.

  • Tim believes leaving the E.U. will likely harm the U.K. economy but in the long run

  • it is the right decision.

  • He also argues when Britain stop visa free E.U. immigration - migrant workers can be

  • found elsewhere.

  • The work force can come from outside Europe, the rest of Europe has a labour shortage and

  • other countries in europe are already solving that by bringing in workers from Ukraine and

  • Byelorussia

  • Although Tim and Nick disagree on Brexit, they agree on the problem.

  • Tim is already finding it harder to get the workers he needs.

  • Earlier in the year, we ourselves walked away from 100, 150 tonnes of fruit that

  • we didn’t have the people in June to harvest

  • That’s around 5 percent of the farm’s monthly total. Tim didn’t want to be specific..

  • but says his margins are tight and that loss significantly hurts his business.

  • For some reason the words migration, immigration are just dirty words in the UK now

  • we can’t even talk about it

  • but other countries are solving their labour solutions and were not doing it

  • and it's because of a political minefield that we have got ourselves into where we can’t even

  • discuss openly this requirement.

  • On Tim’s farms a sense of being unwelcome in the U.K. and a falling pounds is weighing

  • on worker’s minds.

  • Some are already considering their options.

  • What would stop you from coming back next year? Is it about the money?

  • The first thing yeah. If I have to pay too expensive visa to stay here and work it is not going

  • to make sense actually.

  • Farmers and workers need to know at least a year in advance what the government’s

  • plan is. As the March 2019 Brexit deadline approaches no one seems the wiser...

  • Weve left Kent and headed up to London to speak with the National Farmers Union.

  • Theyve been sounding the alarm bell about at potential labour crisis.

  • We want to know, is the government listening?

  • Yes but we are concerned they don’t properly access the enormity of the problem.

  • Guy Smith is the NFU’s vice president and an Essex farmer himself.

  • He’s calling on the government to give guidance on the sort of visa scheme farmers will have

  • to deal post Brexit.

  • His concerns is, the government doesn’t know themselves

  • We feel the government is in the dark about what direction they are going in.

  • Things are politically very opaque. We have an unusual political situation internally

  • in Britain at the moment,

  • with two political parties who seem to be in some sort of internal turmoil about how they

  • should approach the Brexit challenge. Farmers need certainty for year ahead.

  • The NFU argues the government should introduce a seasonal workers scheme as soon as possible

  • because if no decision is reached soon, migrant labor could suddenly dry up.

  • So for instance abattoir workers, food processing factories, waitresses, chefs, they are disproportionately

  • maned by migrant labour,

  • if you suddenly withdraw that labour pool for that food chain you will have all sorts

  • of dysfunctionality

  • which will then impact back on the farmer who was the start of the food chain.

  • The union in warning next year will be worse. Theyre expect further falls in migrant

  • labour.

  • Farmers are calling on the government to ensure theyre business are not jeopardised as

  • negotiations get tough.

  • The clock is ticking

The European Union’s chief negotiator Michel Barnier says the Brexit talks are deadlocked

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Brexitが食品価格を高騰させる可能性がある方法 (How Brexit Could Make Food Prices Skyrocket)

  • 21 0
    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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