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  • We crossed the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz reporting from Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.

  • First up, a trip from France to Washington, D.C. French President Francois Hollande stopped by the U.S. capital for a state visit.

  • This isn`t a casual get together for lunch. State visits have pump and circumstance. There are welcoming ceremonies. Sitting assignments at dinner.

  • Last night`s event was the first state dinner of President Obama`s second term.

  • He and the French President, a socialist elected in 2012, discussed economic struggles in Europe, the civil war in Syria and Iran`s controversial nuclear program.

  • Hollande says, trust has been restored after news came out last year that the U.S. National Security Agency had spied on U.S. allies, including France.

  • To another diplomatic meeting now, in Nanjing, the city in China. This meeting is historic.

  • It`s the first time in 65 years that officials from Taiwan and China have met with each other.

  • China`s formal name is People`s Republic of China, Taiwan`s formal name is Republic of China.

  • Both governments consider Taiwan to be a province of China.

  • But while all that`s pretty close, there are some differences here.

  • Taiwan`s government type is a multi-party democracy.

  • China`s is a communist state.

  • And both say, they`re the legitimate rulers over all China, so you can see why there are some tension at the table of this government officials.

  • The delicate relationship between China and Taiwan took center stage at historic talks in Nanjing this week.

  • The two sides agreed to a new chapter in their relationship.

  • While no formal agreements were signed, both marked the moment as a step forward.

  • This is the first time government officials from Taiwan and China have met since 1949. That`s when the communists forced nationalists to flee to Taiwan.

  • Since then, island and mainland have been government separately, both claiming to be the true government of China.

  • While their relationship has improved since 2008, Beijing still refuses to recognize the government of Taiwan to this day.

  • That issue was sidestepped at the meeting, and officials were addressed by their titles. And a sense of diplomacy inside the conference room.

  • As you can see, there were no flags placed around the room. Nanjing is also a symbolic location for this meeting. It was China`s capital city before the split.

  • Pauline Chiou, CNN, Hong Kong.

  • The United States and Iran are rivals. There are no diplomatic relations between them.

  • The U.S. labels Iran a sponsor of international terrorism, and says its nuclear program could be used to make nuclear weapons.

  • Iran says, the program is only for peaceful purposes.

  • Ties between the two countries fell apart decades ago, during the Islamic revolution of 1979.

  • There was a violent uprising that overthrew Iran`s ruling monarchy and led to the creation of the Islamic Republic that Iran has today.

  • The anniversary of that revolution is being celebrated in Iran this week. A new political tone seems to be coinciding with an old one.

  • Thousands marked the 35th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Teheran.

  • A celebration that`s always part gushing tribute to the Islamic Republic.

  • And part kicking the teeth to Washington.

  • And many here in Iran still see the U.S. government as the world`s bully.

  • And this ceremony has long been used to send a message of defiance against Washington. And that message is, we`re not scared of you and you`re not going to push us around.

  • Chants of death to America, one of the iconic symbols of Iran`s defiance, still ringing out.

  • 35 years after Washington and Tehran broke off diplomatic ties.

  • America, you can`t do a thing to us, says Zahra Elohi (ph).

  • But this year with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani pushing to improve relations with the West, you get the sense here that the tone of the anti- American rhetoric is softening just a little bit.

  • In his speech, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was firm.

  • Rejecting Western sanctions and stating Iran will never give up its civilian nuclear program. But he also said, Iran wants peace.

  • We want regional countries to know. Iranphobia is a lie. Iran will never think about aggression against any country, said the president.

  • It was a sentiment echoed by many in the crowd.

  • It`s not about attacking anyone, says Sayah Kozowi (ph). It`s about defending ourselves.

  • If they pay attention to us, they`ll see we can be good friends who can help bring peace and love all over the world, says Mortizad Datha (ph).

  • Cautious calls for peace, reconciliation and mutual respect on the anniversary of a revolution that ended U.S.-Iran relations.

  • Perhaps, an early sign that 35 years of bad feelings re finally starting to ease.

  • Rezah Sayah, CNN, Tehran.

  • Time for the Shoutout. This is a unit for measuring what: if you think you know it, shout it out!

  • Is it: loudness, resistance, elasticity or depth? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • The letters are an abbreviation for decibels, which are used to measure how loud a sound is.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

  • So, something at 30 decibels would be pretty faint. Maybe somebody whispering to you in a library.

  • You are probably listening to me at a level of around 60 decibels right now, unless you`re sitting right next to the speaker.

  • Exposure to anything above 85 decibels for too long can cause hearing loss.

  • So, why would someone want to invent something louder than 154 decibels?

  • A vacuum cleaner, a freight train. `80s heavy metal gods, Manowar.

  • None of this can stand up to this monstrous system: it`s so loud it will literally kill you.

  • Or at least completely rupture your eardrums. It`s called the Large European Acoustic Facility.

  • LEAF, for sure. It`s operated by the European Space Agency in the Netherlands.

  • They use it to simulate the rigors of spaceflight. Things like the noise from a rocket launch.

  • Or the intense friction experience for passing in and out of the atmosphere.

  • The giant room that makes up the speaker, has massive horns that can blast air so powerfully, that sounds inside the room can exceed 154 decibels.

  • That`s like standing in the center of a group of jets if they take off all around me.

  • And so, the scientists don`t melt their brains. The room is surrounded by steel-reinforced concrete and rubber padding.

  • Plus, the horns won`t operate unless all the doors

  • Welcome to the Roll Call. It`s worldwide Wednesday.

  • That means, we are going global to see who is watching CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • In Manila, Philippines, hello to the students of Santa Thomas University.

  • Our next school is in Yerevan, Armenia. Thanks to all of those watching at Quantum College Middle and High School.

  • And we`ll make our third stop in Ontario, Canada. We are glad to be part of your day in Victor Loreston (ph) Public School.

  • The Westminster Kennel Club hosts what it calls the World`s Most Famous Dog Show.

  • Recent winners that were awarded best in show, included affenpinscher, a Pecanese, a Scottish deerhound.

  • They don`t include any mutts. But at least one part of this show, every dog has his day.

  • Finally, mutts are back at Westminster.

  • At least, they are allowed in Westminster`s new agility competition that takes place before the main event.

  • But how do you separate the purebreds from the mutts?

  • (on camera): Mutt or no mutt?

  • Neither one of them is a mutt. Mutt or no mutt?

  • No mutt. Mutt or no mutt? She`s an Australian shepherd.

  • Mutt or no mutt? This is a .

  • A mere question was enough to offend a purebred border collie.

  • Out of 225 dogs competing on the agility course, only 15 were mutts.

  • This is a mutt. Meet Sadie (ph), from Connecticut. She`s thrilled.

  • And though some of the mutts accidentally went around jumps .

  • Or seemed to be slow running the weave polls compared to the more practiced purebreds, still even the purebreds messed up.

  • This one had to do a do-over, but once again the polls near the end proved distracting.

  • The winner, the agility champ was Kelso, the purebreds border collie.

  • A husky mixed name Rou won for highest score in mixed breed. They don`t use the word mutt around here.

  • Would he have anything against mutts? No, no, no. Not at all.

  • The purebreds competing without mutts for best in show, were blissfully unaware of any breed warfare,

  • but will Westminster ever hear of allowing mutts to have the equivalent of best in show?

  • What about best in mutts? No. You`ve got to have a standard.

  • Oh, I love that. And when it comes to best announcer, we are putting our money on Woody.

  • Woody cute! Yes! Yes!

  • Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.

  • Guess, now it`s a mutt see event, though some would say, it`s gone to the dogs.

  • For some mixed breeds, it`s a new found land of opportunity.

  • You know what`s going to happen a schnauzer or later, though one thing we may never know, is who let the dogs out?

  • There is no more time to terrier. We`ll beagle back tomorrow on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

We crossed the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz reporting from Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.

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2014年2月12日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (February 12, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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